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Peak energy, peak oil, and the rise of renewables

Business

Global energy demand is headed toward a plateau over the next ten to 20 years, as the world focuses on electrification, energy efficiency, and more service-driven economic growth.
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96 Comments on "Peak energy, peak oil, and the rise of renewables"

  1. Davy on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 6:51 am 

    “Report covers costs of various storage technologies, including pumped storage hydro”
    https://tinyurl.com/y2mdabxv renewable energy world

    “For a BESS with an E/P (energy to power) ratio of 4.0, Li-ion batteries offer the best option in terms of cost, performance, calendar and cycle life, and technological maturity. Pumped storage hydropower and compressed air energy storage, at $165/kWh and $105/kWh, respectively, give the lowest cost in $/kWh if an E/P ratio of 16 is used inclusive of balance of plant and construction and commissioning costs. Pumped storage hydro is a more mature technology with higher rates of round-trip efficiency. While the zinc-hybrid cathode technology offers great promise in terms of cost and life, its technology readiness level (TRL) and manufacturing readiness level (MRL) are both low at this stage. Redox flow batteries appear to be well positioned, and rapid improvements are expected in overall cost, performance, life, TRL, and MRL. While the round-trip efficiency for these batteries is low, there is room for improvement with stack optimization and better flow battery management algorithms. While lead-acid batteries are low cost with high TRLs and MRLs, their cycle life is limited, leading to a usable life of less than three years assuming one cycle per day. Sodium metal halide and sodium sulfur have similar cost and life characteristics, and metal halide technology has a higher round-trip efficiency. While the planar design for the sodium metal halide technology is expected to reduce cost, as is the substitution of sodium with nickel, uncertainty associated with these innovations led the research team to not build them into the 2025 forecast. For pumped storage hydro, compressed air energy storage, flywheels, and ultracapacitors, 2025 capital costs were assumed to be the same as those estimated for 2018. These are more mature technologies; hence this study assumed the 2025 costs to be unchanged. Further, pumped storage hydro and compressed air energy storage involve long-range development timelines and, therefore, a substantial reduction in costs is unlikely to be experienced in a relatively short number of years.”

  2. Davy on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 6:56 am 

    “Tiny Homes Are Very Eco-Friendly, New Research Confirms”
    https://tinyurl.com/y6jodxo3 eco watch

    “a house typically around 400 square feet. She concluded that, on average, people who downsized into a tiny home reduced their energy consumption by 45 percent. To perform her study, Saxton surveyed 80 people who had moved from a full-sized home to a tiny home for at least a year. From her survey, she calculated their ecological footprints, or how much space they need to sustain their current behavior, including housing, transportation, food, goods and services. Her final tabulation showed that the average tiny home resident required 9.5 acres of resources to sustain themselves for one year. That was a precipitous drop from the 17.3 acres they consumed annually before moving into a tiny home”

    “While some savings on resources are intuitive since a smaller space requires less energy to maintain, Saxton also found that on a measure of 100 different individual behaviors, about 86 percent changed to become more environmentally friendly. The largest difference was in shopping. Without room to store things, tiny home dwellers simply bought less. “As a whole, I found that after downsizing people were more likely to eat less energy-intensive food products and adopt more environmentally-conscious eating habits, such as eating more locally and growing more of their own food,” Saxton writes. “Participants traveled less by car, motorcycle, bus, train and airplane, and drove more fuel-efficient cars than they did before downsizing.”

  3. Davy on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 9:03 am 

    “Bailout #3: Chinese Bank With $200 Billion In Assets Is Nationalized”
    https://tinyurl.com/y42a5fc9 zero hedge

    “Step aside Baoshang Bank and Bank of Jinzhou, it’s time for Chinese bank bailout #3. Last month, when reporting on the imminent failure of yet another Chinese bank in the inglorious aftermath of Baoshang Bank’s late May state takeover, we dusted off a list of deeply troubled Chinese financial institutions that had delayed their 2018 annual reports…And so, fast forward to this week when overnight, the SCMP reported that China’s sovereign wealth fund has taken over Heng Feng Bank – the bank at the very top of the list shown above, one with roughly $200 billion in assets – a troubled lender linked to fugitive financier Xiao Jianhua, in the third case in as many months of the state exerting its grip over wayward financial institutions…In short, a 3rd Chinese bank in as many months received an implicit (or explicit) state bailout, and with the dominoes now falling, it’s just a matter of time before most if not all of the banks shown in the list above collapse…This, as Bloomberg’s Kyoungwha Kim wrote, is “an ominous sign for equities because it underscores the difficulties the PBOC faces if it wants to boost policy stimulus”, or as we summarized it last night: China can’t cut rates and ease to boost negative PPI as food prices are exploding China can’t halt soaring pork prices as half of its pigs are dead or slaughtered China can’t raise the yuan to ease the highest CPI in 16 months as it currently devaluing in retaliation to Trump”

    “The bottom line: Trump now appears to be winning the trade war with China, whose economic contraction is accelerating and between slowing trade, sliding corporate profits (PPI), rising inflation (CPI), a devaluing Yuan, a record debt load, and now a sudden crisis in its banking sector, Beijing has found itself paralyzed and with zero credibly options how to kickstart the economy. The only thing that’s left is for China to admit that this is indeed the case, so sit back, relax and watch as bank after bank on the list above fails and China’s financial cancer spreads across the country with the $40 trillion in assets (which is certainly not bad news for either gold or bitcoin).”

  4. Davy on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 9:03 am 

    “Turkey Received $1 Biollion Bailout From China As Reserves Ran Out”
    https://tinyurl.com/y29nb534 zero hedge

    “The last few months have seen the Turkish Lira rallying, rebounding off record lows, despite nothing positive coming from that country… and now we may have a better idea of how this lift was achieved (or how investors were fooled). As Bloomberg reports, according to two people with direct knowledge of the matter said, Turkey received around $1 billion worth of funds from China in June under a swap agreement that dates back to 2012. So China stepped in to bail out Erdogan. The June inflow was the first time Turkey received such a substantial amount under the lira-yuan swap agreement with Beijing, one of the people said. The question now is – what was Erdogan’s quid pro quo here. With NATO scrambling over Turkey’s decision to install Russian missile defense systems, is this ‘friendly gesture’ from China designed to confirm BRI issues will be swept under the carpet?”

  5. Cloggie on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 10:16 am 

    ““Turkey Received $1 Biollion Bailout From China As Reserves Ran Out””

    More proof that Turkey is defecting from the dying West.

    https://documents1940.wordpress.com/2019/01/07/the-good-news-zog-is-dying/

  6. Davy on Fri, 9th Aug 2019 12:25 pm 

    Even though I’m spending less time on this lame unmoderated forum, I was still successful in flooding the board this morning with my usual off topic copy and paste spam from other websites. To all my enemies, aka you stupid dumbasses, that means I win and you lose.

    So there. LMFAO!

  7. Cloggie on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 3:09 am 

    Talking about the rise of renewables. The issue of large scale storage is becoming more pressing with every passing day:

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7342803/Wind-farm-gas-fired-power-station-failure-blamed-one-Britains-worst-power-cuts-years.html

    “Black(out) Friday: Simultaneous wind farm and gas-fired power station failures are blamed for one of Britain’s worst power cuts in years as millions are affected – with homes, airports, trains and even traffic lights going down”

    Again, a 100% renewable energy base at the same wealth level means doubling your electricity output, heat pumps, seasonal storage of solar heat and a CHEMICAL storage of renewable electricity of ca. 41% of your annual electricity consumption.

    Chemical storage means something you can BURN, that is hydrogen, metal powder, NH3, methanol, formic acid, borohydride and a host of other possibilities (sofas).

    What will NOT work is pumped hydro, batteries, CAES, liquid air. Too low energy density. That will only work in the hours/days range. [*]

    As an additional measures you can save a lot of energy with a national, shared self-driving car robot.

    [*] batteries with the size of a lake at (salt) sea could work:

    https://deepresource.wordpress.com/2019/04/02/energy-island-in-zeeland/

  8. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 5:35 am 

    “Chemical storage means something you can BURN, that is hydrogen, metal powder, NH3, methanol, formic acid, borohydride and a host of other possibilities (sofas).”

    Other possibilities are allowing certain parts of the grid to go intermittent. If there is a situation where a brown out is approaching then areas adapted to brown outs will be switch off first. Areas and individuals with power sensitive situations like emergency services or even homes with individuals needing constant power for medical reasons would stay on. Many more homes need batteries for their essential needs for example food refrigeration and a minimum of lights. Industries could be more adapted to intermittency. The need to doubling electrical output can be reduced if behavior is adapted.

  9. I AM THE MOB on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 5:47 am 

    The U.S. Needs More Nukes
    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/09/opinion/russia-nuclear-treaty-inf.html

    Don’t make us George Bush this button, over nothing..

  10. I AM THE MOB on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 5:50 am 

    New Michael Moore backed doc questions alternative energy

    LOS ANGELES — What if alternative energy isn’t all it’s cracked up to be? That’s the provocative question explored in the documentary “Planet of the Humans,” which is backed and promoted by filmmaker Michael Moore and directed by one of his longtime collaborators.

    The film, which does not yet have distribution, is a low-budget but piercing examination of what the filmmakers say are the false promises of the environmental movement and why we’re still “addicted” to fossil fuels.

    He said he wanted to know why things weren’t getting better. But when he started pulling on the thread, he and Moore said they were shocked to find how inextricably entangled alternative energy is with coal and natural gas, since they say everything from wind turbines to electric car charging stations are tethered to the grid, and even how the Koch brothers are tied to solar panel production through their glass production business.

    “It turned out the wakeup call was about our own side,” Gibbs said in a phone interview. “It was kind of crushing to discover that the things I believed in weren’t real, first of all, and then to discover not only are the solar panels and wind turbines not going to save us … but (also) that there is this whole dark side of the corporate money … It dawned on me that these technologies were just another profit centre.”

    Both know the film is going to be a “tough pill to swallow.” It was a difficult eye-opener for them as well.

    https://www.plant.ca/general/new-michael-moore-backed-doc-questions-alternative-energy-185625/?fbclid=IwAR3eT2TmV0I0UPLjTGj7Hf-TVzDpELgtyrHEu6ubXjQq5u6f7XRoxC569vM

    Michael is exposing the false hope of alternative energy!

    HAHA! Eat your heart out clogg..You dipshit

  11. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 6:21 am 

    “From 1% To 30% Solar Power Without Losing Farmland — How Is That Possible?”
    https://tinyurl.com/y3smuyv6 clean technica

    “Optimal conditions for solar power typically involve the warm, sunny climate of the US southwest, but researchers are discovering that localized microclimates can exert a strong influence on solar cell efficiency. In an online paper published at Scientific Reports, the OSU researchers describe four parameters that influence solar cell efficiency: insolation, air temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity. Insolation refers to the amount of solar radiation hitting a particular area. Temperature is important because solar cells are less efficient when conditions are too hot. A slight breeze is more optimal for solar power than stagnant air. Rounding out the four factors is relative humidity, which refers to the amount of water vapor the air is holding at a given time, compared to what it is capable of holding. Lower relative humidity is also more optimal than higher humidity. In a nutshell, the researchers found that their research site — a 1.5 megawatt solar power installation on an active sheep grazing field — exhibited improved efficiency associated with those four elements. Applying their findings to different types of land, the research found that croplands, grasslands, and wetlands would provide more potential for optimizing solar power than barren land. That’s topsy-turvy from the conventional consensus on solar power, which focuses on barren, desert-like conditions, if not actual deserts. Translating their findings onto 17 different types of land identified by NASA’s Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer, the research team found that croplands provided the maximum optimization, followed closely by grasslands and permanent wetlands. Interestingly, mixed forests also scored in the top five (mixed forests include both deciduous and evergreen trees), coming in at number four. Barren land came in fifth, so there’s that.”

  12. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 6:28 am 

    “Australian brewer eyes thermal energy storage system”
    https://tinyurl.com/y5hezoya renewable energy world

    “Stone & Wood is actively scoping innovative and more sustainable energy solutions and 1414 Degrees’ says its TESS-IND can provide reliable heat sourced from renewables on the grid. The feasibility study will identify the potential to sequentially replace or supplement four existing gas boilers currently used to generate heat in the brewing process…The technology takes gas or electricity from any source and stores it as latent heat in silicon which melts at 1414°C. The energy from the latent heat can then be reclaimed and distributed as electricity and/or heat when required. A 10MWh storage unit is about the size of a 40-foot shipping container.”

  13. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 6:33 am 

    “Germany’s grid management costs soar as high winds overstrain capacity”
    https://tinyurl.com/yyr7meb7 clean energy wire

    “Costs for maintaining a secure electricity supply in Germany reached almost half a billion euros in the first three months of 2019 due to a lack of grid capacity, the latest figures from the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) show. The cost of network and system security measures rose by a third compared to the first quarter of 2018, from 355 to 473 million euros – a bill that German electricity consumers will ultimately have to pay. Due to risks of grid overload, wind power plants in particular could not feed all of their generated electricity into the German power grid, making plant operators eligible for compensation payments. The total compensation amount paid to plant operators reached 364 million euros – “the highest quarterly level to date”, the BNetzA reports. According to energy industry association BDEW, 3.2 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity from German wind turbines could not be fed into the grid from January to March. Support for grid expansion must remain a top priority for Germany, the association said. As long as more renewable energy is being produced than can be handled by the grid, however, the government should allow it to be used for private charging stations and power-to-gas technologies instead of letting it go to waste. According to BDEW, 3.2 billion kWh of electricity would be enough to supply about 100,000 households with heating gas made from renewables for one year.”

  14. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 6:41 am 

    “What the new IPCC report says about climate change and land”
    https://tinyurl.com/y557g48c climate and capitalism

    “humans currently appropriate close to three-quarters of the ice-free land globally. Around 12-14% of this area has been converted for growing crops (yellow); 22% is made up of managed or planted forests (blue); and 37% is grassland adopted for grazing and other uses (green). The rectangles in orange on the right-hand side indicate the land currently unused by humans. The geographic spread of land use and the “large appropriation of multiple ecosystem services and the loss of biodiversity” are “unprecedented in human history”, the report says. Human use – at varying intensities – “affects about 60-85% of forests and 70-90% of other natural ecosystems (e.g., savannahs, natural grasslands)”. And land use has caused an 11-14% drop in global biodiversity, the report notes.”

    When we see that 37% of human appropriated land is used for grazing then I wonder how our fake green vegans and rabid liberals expect us to phase out meat production?

  15. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 6:46 am 

    “Eat less meat: UN climate change report calls for change to human diet”
    https://tinyurl.com/y6tmknps nature

    “Efforts to curb greenhouse gas-emissions and the impacts of global warming will fall significantly short without drastic changes in global land use, agriculture and human diets, leading researchers warn in a high-level report commissioned by the United Nations. The special report on climate and land by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) describes plant-based diets as a major opportunity for mitigating and adapting to climate change ― and includes a policy recommendation to reduce meat consumption.”

    Maybe this panel should ask people to drive and fly less especially the people on these panels that drive and fly a lot to get to these international panels. This is just more fake green shit. The heart of the problem is affluence, consumption, and over population. Unless you address these issues then you are pissing in the wind

  16. Cloggie on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 7:44 am 

    “Germany’s grid management costs soar as high winds overstrain capacity”

    Germany urgently needs long term storage capacity, like power-to-gas:

    https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/worlds-first-large-scale-industrial-power-gas-facility-planned-northern-germany

    “World’s “first large-scale industrial power-to-gas facility” planned in northern Germany”

    Building storage capacity should have preference over ever more new wind turbines. All research effort should go into that.

    Solar and wind already work sufficiently good.

  17. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 7:52 am 

    “Deeply Negative Nominal Rates Are On Their Way”
    https://tinyurl.com/yxuxo4cj gold money via zero hedge

    “Growing evidence of a severe global recession is sure to provoke more aggressive monetary policies from central banks. They had hoped to have the leeway to cut interest rates significantly after normalising them. That hasn’t happened. Consequently, as the recession intensifies central banks will see no alternative to deeper negative nominal rates to keep their governments and banks afloat through a combination of eliminating borrowing costs and inflating bond prices. It will be the last throw of the fiat-money dice and, if pursued, will ultimately end in the death of them. Gold and bitcoin prices are now beginning to detect deeper negative rates and the adverse consequences for fiat currencies.”

    “They call their preferred method the clean approach, whereby a central bank introduces a discount rate on cash withdrawals by commercial banks, applied on its return. To implement it, the central bank would have to define electronic money as the unit of account, not physical cash, which is the common default. If the clean approach raises legal difficulties, they recommend a second method, which they call the rental fee approach. In this method, a negative rate of return on paper currency would be expressed by a percentage fee on bank withdrawals from the cash window at the central bank. Either method would have the effect of closing the arbitrage window between hoarding paper cash and negative rates on the public’s deposits at the banks. In theory, this would allow a central bank to impose negative rates as deep as they wish, removing any lower bound and gaining the flexibility to set negative nominal rates at the level their economic models suggest would be needed to stabilise an economy sliding into recession.”

    “The underlying reason to be concerned over the future course of monetary policy is there is no evidence that manipulation of interest rates by central banks actually works, let alone the more extreme policy of negative nominal interest rates. Realistically, interest rates can only be determined by economic actors on the basis of their subjective assessment of the value of time preference and the standing of their counterparty…Our contemporary monetary and financial system assumes that interest is simply the cost of money and therefore a hinderance to economic progress.”

    “Viewed at from this perspective, the proposal for deeply negative nominal rates is truly shocking. The sum of wealth transfer through price inflation and, say, a negative interest rate of five per cent can only be viewed as economically destructive. Assuming Shadowstats and the Chapwood index provide a reasonable approximation of the annual loss of purchasing power for the dollar, the imposition of negative interest rates of this quantum means the general public and their productive businesses could lose up to fifteen percent of their wealth and earnings annually.”

    “Instead, as the global economy shows more signs of a deepening recession, we can expect central banks to expand the quantities of their base money as a first resort. The priority is likely to centre on funding government budget deficits and getting cash into the banks’ balance sheets, both of which quantitative easing achieves. Where interest rates are already negative, pushing them much further into negative territory is likely to be viewed as a second choice. Therefore, in the absence of a credit crisis threatening the banking system it seems unlikely that nominal rates of much more than minus two or three per cent will be deployed, unless the global economy really slumps. All this changes in the event of a credit and systemic crisis. So long as there is fractional reserve banking, regular credit crises are endemic to the system. No matter how well capitalised a bank appears to be, at the onset of a credit crisis it risks being rapidly overwhelmed by bad debts and falling collateral prices. Given the rapidity with which the global economy is now declining, we will be lucky if a credit crisis leading to deeply negative nominal rates doesn’t happen later this year. The pace at which depositors in the banks then become aware of what is happening to their fiat currency will determine the speed and extent of the currency collapse.”

  18. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 10:51 am 

    “Social Media Civil War”
    https://tinyurl.com/y2ylezxy Automatic Earth

    “The US government has to come up with very very strong legislation for social media, and it has to do that very soon. Because if it doesn’t, it risks those same social media inciting a civil war (that’s no hyperbole, that is real) on American soil.”

    “This has nothing to do with left vs right anymore. This is about people who have convinced themselves they are so right in their ideas that anything at all is justified to get their views and their points across, including violence. Well, there’s the seeds of your civil war then.”

    “Not many Americans, far as I can see, take the threat of a civil war seriously, including you, Mr. Trump. But you really should. Take on the social media, and you’re halfway there to preventing it.”

  19. Davy on Sat, 10th Aug 2019 11:33 am 

    “Social Media Civil War”

    Lol,!juanpee the hypocrite is reading zero hedge then doing ID theft with His Davy obsession. I ask you stupid fuckers promoting CW2 to explain how that is going to happen? I will say places like Miami Beach where
    Juanpee lives are ripe for civil unrest. I can see juanpee getting his melon thumped one day and or deported. I hope both. Lol

  20. Cloggie on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 2:37 am 

    Wind clearly beats solar in the Netherlands:

    https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/european/az-alkmaar-stadium-roof-afas-stadion-pictures-a9051571.html

  21. Cloggie on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 4:27 am 

    The end of nuclear power in Germany. Demolition of a nuclear plant that hardly ever worked:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYiu2q4dND8

    It will take many years to clean up the mess.

    Much in contrast to wind energy. You can get rid of a turbine in a matter of days:

    https://deepresource.wordpress.com/2017/05/14/nuon-dismantles-offshore-wind-farm-in-the-netherlands/

  22. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:13 am 

    “JPMorgan: The Fed Will Need To Restart QE Soon”
    https://tinyurl.com/yyr583jq zero hedge

    “Here is where we get to the issue at hand, namely the upcoming rapid liquidity drain as a result of the Treasury’s stated desire to build up cash. As discussed previously, the Treasury’s General (cash) Account has been depleted since the beginning of the year due to the debt ceiling issue, offsetting in part the reduction in reserves caused by the Fed’s balance sheet shrinkage, but this is now set to go into reverse into year-end as the Treasury issues T-bills to replenish its General Account. In other words even with the Fed stopping its balance sheet shrinkage, we are likely to see significant reserve depletion into year-end as the General Account is replenished following a resolution in the debt ceiling issue. This is precisely what BofA looked at last week when it concluded that the roughly $200 billion liquidity drain over the next two months will be so sever, the Fed may have no choice but to resort to QE. But wait, wasn’t the end of QT – something so urgently demanded by president Trump – supposed to neutralize the rapid depletion of reserves? While the termination of the Fed’s balance sheet shrinkage process would by itself slow the reserve tightening process, it won’t stop it. This is because of three reasons. First, as even the Fed was surprised to find last week, now that the debt ceiling issue is resolved, the US Treasury will start replenishing its General Account at the Fed by issuing more T-bills. Replenishing the General Account over the coming months would mechanically drain liquidity from the US banking system by reducing reserves. Second, banknotes in circulation have been on a structural uptrend over the past five years driven by offshore demand for highly denominated dollar notes (one wonders if this is due to foreigners parking their wealth in paper instead of digital bank accounts, ahead of NIRP and the devaluation of non-paper money). By itself this force should reduce reserves gradually by $80bn per year. Third, the assets of the US banking system are growing naturally roughly in line with nominal GDP, i.e. around 4% per year, something that would put downward pressure on the ratio of reserves to banking system assets even if reserves are unchanged. Putting this all together implies – to JPMorgan at least – that liquidity will likely continue to tighten gradually in the US banking system even after the Fed has stopped its balance sheet shrinkage, and – here is the punchline – in order to stop this liquidity tightening from advancing further, “the Fed may need to start open market operations sooner rather than later to inject reserves into the US banking system.” Open market operations is, of course, another name for QE, which as we have been saying all along is inevitable if for no other reason than to monetize the upcoming wave of UST supply especially if China decides to boycott (or outright sell) US Treasurys. Indeed, the Fed may have no choice but to launch QE simply because of too much Treasury supply and the market’s ability to warehouse it – a challenge that will only grow in the coming years, which is why we have been warning for much of the past year to watch out for market crashes – just like the failure of Lehman – these are a convenient and easy scapegoat for the Fed returning launching another round of QE… much to Trump’s applause.”

  23. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:27 am 

    “Attention Millennials: New Study Reveals E-Scooters Aren’t As Green As They Seem”
    https://tinyurl.com/y3ltdtwq zero hedge

    “A new study shows shared electric scooter schemes, popularized by Bird, Bolt, Lime, Lyft, and Spin, might not be as green as you think, could actually be damaging the planet. Researchers from North Carolina State University discovered that shared electric scooters are more environmentally friendly than automobiles, but not when compared to particular forms of public transportation, bicycles, and walking.”

    “If you only think about the segment of the life cycle you can see, which would be standing on the scooter where there’s no tailpipe, it’s easy to make that assumption,” Jeremiah Johnson, corresponding author of the study and an associate professor of civil, construction and environmental engineering at NC State, told The Verge. “But if you take a step back, you can see all the other things that are a bit hidden in the process.” Johnson and his research staff determined that the average global warming impact for a shared electric scooter is 202g of CO2 per mile traveled. About 50% of the carbon footprint per mile traveled is from materials and manufacturing, and 43% is from the collection and distribution process to recharge the fleet. A little less than 5% of the environmental impact is from electricity used to charge them. At 202g of CO2 per mile traveled, the shared electric scooter is a much cleaner alternative versus the automobile at 414g of CO2 per mile. Public transportation, like a bus, only emits 82g of CO2 per mile, and the use of a private bike at 8g of CO2 for the same distance. So it seems that conventional ways of moving around a metropolitan area are much cleaner than renting electric scooters.”

  24. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:28 am 

    E scooters are REAL Green but the attitude many of the users is FAKE Green. This applies across the board with all the so-called green efforts we see. The EV industry is awash in FAKE Green. In fact, in my opinion a highly efficient hybrid ICE is greener than your EV. This is because the Grid is still significantly fossil fuels. In the case of the little E scooter this is a step in the right direction we just need to educate these young people of the embedded cost of their activities. In the process these people will learn what is TRUE Green and FAKE Green and maybe get to be more REAL Green. REAL Green acknowledges dirty and understands the dirtiness then works to reduce that in a cost benefit analysis on a movement towards TRUE Green. Almost everything modern humans do is dirty because we consume so much with such large populations. REAL Green says this is a predicament how can we mitigate and adapt to the results. How can we manage the consequences better? FAKE Green is just delusional consumerism made to look good.

  25. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:46 am 

    I changed my mind. There is nothing REAL Green at all about lithium ion batteries or plastics. Both are highly toxic to the environment. I can be such a dumbass almost all of the time it surprises me I ever lurned to tie my own shoes.

  26. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:58 am 

    “Washington’s Utterly Failed Diplomacy”
    https://tinyurl.com/yyp3hn2z strategic culture

    “There seems no longer any attempt, or semblance, of seeking diplomacy by Washington. Sanctions and aggression are wielded with reckless abandon.”

    “The standard of international law and norms of diplomacy are being trashed in the most willful and wanton ways, purely on the basis of American whim and self-serving agenda for domination.”

    “There seems no other way to describe the present global lawlessness of American presumed power and self-righteousness other than to call it a form of rogue-state fascism on steroids.”

  27. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:08 am 

    Here you go folks. The behavior that everyone has complained about starts yet again by juanpee. This is not my post. My ID is being taken:

    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:58 am

    “Washington’s Utterly Failed Diplomacy”
    https://tinyurl.com/yyp3hn2z strategic culture

    “There seems no longer any attempt, or semblance, of seeking diplomacy by Washington. Sanctions and aggression are wielded with reckless abandon.”

    “The standard of international law and norms of diplomacy are being trashed in the most willful and wanton ways, purely on the basis of American whim and self-serving agenda for domination.”

    “There seems no other way to describe the present global lawlessness of American presumed power and self-righteousness other than to call it a form of rogue-state fascism on steroids.”

  28. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:09 am 

    Here you go folks. The behavior that everyone has complained about starts yet again by juanpee. This is not my post. My ID is being taken:

    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 5:46 am
    I changed my mind. There is nothing REAL Green at all about lithium ion batteries or plastics. Both are highly toxic to the environment. I can be such a dumbass almost all of the time it surprises me I ever lurned to tie my own shoes.

  29. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:14 am 

    E-scooters are REAL Green and so are lithium ion batteries and plastic, cause I said they are. Everybody that doesn’t agree with my opinion is a dumbass.

  30. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:15 am 

    Here you go folks. The behavior that everyone has complained about starts yet again by juanpee. This is not my post. My ID is being taken:

    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:14 am
    E-scooters are REAL Green and so are lithium ion batteries and plastic, cause I said they are. Everybody that doesn’t agree with my opinion is a dumbass.

  31. JuanP on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 6:16 am 

    check this:
    https://browserspy.dk/webserver.php
    and fill in peakoil.com, you get that the server is hosted by Cloudflare:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloudflare
    Cloudflare is one of the last bastions of free speech, under lefties also known as “hate speech”.
    It is very sad that the admin of this site doesn’t seem to want to take the trouble to log in to his server dashboard and active a few presets, enforcing posters to post under a unique username/password combination. That doesn’t eliminate bolshevik saboteurs like I AM THE MOB to post garbage under fake identities, but at least it stops identity theft and that would make a hell of a difference.
    If possible, you could also enforce that one IP-address can only post under a single identity.
    Please admin, invest an hour of your time to get this right. The international situation is getting more “interesting” (like in famous the Chinese proverb) by the day.
    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 4:39 am
    AH, as one who has seen his identity taken and fruit cake socks used to ad hom for over a year now I second that request. Juanpee has ruined this place that is clear. He started the shit. He doesn’t care though. He is an egotistical mentally ill fuck. I can deal with people attacking me and I will attack back. I look forward to heated debate and normal discussions. What juanpee is doing is trashing the forum with the worst of behavior a forum can see and that is id theft. Even the socks are bad but nothing like id theft. If I partake it is because poison is be used on me so I give poison back. This is how war is done. I will be here to the bitter end, fuck wack, juanpee. Go ahead and take the site down. Pretty clear most everyone but you is tired of your ID theft and fake socks. I generally try to start the day out lately with talking news. Juanpee starts the shit. Lets see what he does today.

  32. Cloggie on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 9:10 am 

    “Michael is exposing the false hope of alternative energy!”

    Fat, ugly leftist two-legged puddings should be kept away from science and engineering as far as possible.

  33. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 9:39 am 

    Fat, ugly leftist two-legged puddings should be kept away from science and engineering as far as possible.

    Amen to that. Fat mike is a perfect example of a rabid liberal ugly fuck living a privileged Hollywood life spreading hate and discontent.

  34. Duncan Idaho on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 9:40 am 

    1965 — US: Watts Riots begin in LA when a white policeman stops Marquette Frye, a black driver, for drunkenness. By 16 August, when the riots end, 34 are dead, 800 wounded, 3,000 arrests & $200 million worth of property destroyed.

  35. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 10:17 am 

    Oops, sorry for losing my shit again everyone.

    BTW, did I mention my jet setter life of privilege? Did I mention I’m voting liberal in the next election? Or how much hatred and discontent I spread about countries other then America?

    I think I might of.

  36. Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 10:49 am 

    Here you go folks. The behavior that everyone has complained about starts yet again by juanpee. This is not my post. My ID is being taken:

    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 10:17 am
    Oops, sorry for losing my shit again everyone.

    BTW, did I mention my jet setter life of privilege? Did I mention I’m voting liberal in the next election? Or how much hatred and discontent I spread about countries other then America?

    I think I might of.

  37. JuanP on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 10:50 am 

    I am JuanP a obsessive compulsive liar and this post makes a great point thanks cloggie and davy:
    https://browserspy.dk/webserver.php
    and fill in peakoil.com, you get that the server is hosted by Cloudflare:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloudflare
    Cloudflare is one of the last bastions of free speech, under lefties also known as “hate speech”.
    It is very sad that the admin of this site doesn’t seem to want to take the trouble to log in to his server dashboard and active a few presets, enforcing posters to post under a unique username/password combination. That doesn’t eliminate bolshevik saboteurs like I AM THE MOB to post garbage under fake identities, but at least it stops identity theft and that would make a hell of a difference.
    If possible, you could also enforce that one IP-address can only post under a single identity.
    Please admin, invest an hour of your time to get this right. The international situation is getting more “interesting” (like in famous the Chinese proverb) by the day.
    Davy on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 4:39 am
    AH, as one who has seen his identity taken and fruit cake socks used to ad hom for over a year now I second that request. Juanpee has ruined this place that is clear. He started the shit. He doesn’t care though. He is an egotistical mentally ill fuck. I can deal with people attacking me and I will attack back. I look forward to heated debate and normal discussions. What juanpee is doing is trashing the forum with the worst of behavior a forum can see and that is id theft. Even the socks are bad but nothing like id theft. If I partake it is because poison is be used on me so I give poison back. This is how war is done. I will be here to the bitter end, fuck wack, juanpee. Go ahead and take the site down. Pretty clear most everyone but you is tired of your ID theft and fake socks. I generally try to start the day out lately with talking news. Juanpee starts the shit. Lets see what he does today.

  38. Cloggie on Sun, 11th Aug 2019 10:52 am 

    Can we see the corps, please?

    https://twitter.com/HenryMakow/status/1160560292092399617

  39. makati1 on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 7:32 am 

    I have suffered from cronic and acute clinical depression for most of my life.

  40. JuanP identity fraud on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 7:32 am 

    makati1 on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 7:32 am

  41. Truth Buster on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 7:33 am 

    quit being a fucking lunatic juan. Some people take global issues seriously obviously you don’t. What a moron.

  42. Davy on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 10:11 am 

    Truth, 99 percent of all JuanP comments since February have been made by me.

    Fooled y’all!

    LMFAO @ the dumbasses!

  43. Davy on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 10:34 am 

    BTW y’all. It’s always all juanpees fault when I go crazy.

  44. Lunatic Juanpee ID theft on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 11:14 am 

    Mods, please ban this mentally ill illegal alien

    Davy said Nobody has more control over my emotions than juan…
    Davy said BTW y’all. It’s always all juanpees fault when I g…
    Davy said Truth, 99 percent of all JuanP comments since Febr…
    Davy said Oops, sorry for losing my widdle temper again ever…

  45. Truth Buster on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 11:16 am 

    I think everyone shares your opinion Davy. Let’s vote ban the fucker off the site!!

  46. Davy on Tue, 13th Aug 2019 11:27 am 

    I think I’m all my socks and my ID thefts, therefore I am.

    That’s not crazy. Or is it?

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