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Page added on April 27, 2015

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Saudi Arabia: the great oil game

Saudi Arabia: the great oil game thumbnail
Saudi Arabia just increased oil production to a record level, never reached in previous history. They are doing that in a moment of record low oil prices. What do they have in mind? (Image from Arthur Berman)

When the collapse of the oil prices started, in the summer of 2014, everyone noticed that Saudi Arabia was not playing their traditional role of “swing producers”, that is varying their production in such a way to maintain reasonably constant prices. Facing a slump in demand, they should have reduced production; but they didn’t, at least not enough.

Initially, I thought the Saudis were simply taken by surprise and they were slow to react. But now, with the recent increase in Saudi production, it is clear that they have something in mind. Maybe they haven’t engineered the market collapse, but in some way they are riding it.

Though this be madness, yet there is method in ‘t. But what method could there be in raising production just when prices are lowest? Every single textbook in economics will tell you that the market should adapt to changes in demand and offer in exactly the opposite way: facing a reduced demand, production should go down, too. 

Of course, as we all know, what you read in textbooks of economics has little to do with the real world. And, in the real world, there is a well known market strategy that consists in bankrupting your competitors by selling below cost. The idea is to create a monopoly and recoup later what the winner of the struggle has lost at the beginning. It is, of course, illegal, but the very fact that there are laws against it, means that it is done.

However, there is a little problem in applying this strategy to the oil market. It has to do with the fact that oil is a finite resource. So, if producers manage to obtain a monopoly, that means they will run out of the resource before the others. Imagine you are an art dealer: would you sell your Picassos at low cost in order to undercut the other art merchants and gain a monopoly? Of course not, what you would obtain is simply to run out fast of your precious Picasso paintings and then leave the market fully open to the others. 

So, what are the Saudis doing, exactly? Art Berman suggests that they are fighting against the banks that created the tight oil bubble possible. After the elimination of the bubble, the market might return to relatively high oil prices and maximize the revenues for Saudi Aramco. 

Berman’s interpretation is surely possible, but, as in all these cases, we are looking at governments as if they were “black boxes”, trying to understand the inner mechanisms that make them move. This is very risky: just as we see in clouds faces that aren’t there, we may see in a government’s action an intelligence that is not there. Are the Saudis really planning for a long term profit? Or are they simply misjudging the extent of their resources? 

After all, we have several examples of non-renewable resources having been managed as if they were infinite. Just consider how the North Sea oil resources were extracted at the highest possible rate when the oil market was experiencing historically low prices. That left producers with declining oil field when market prices started increasing. It was not a very smart strategy, to say the least.

In the case of the North sea, there was no long term planning; it was just that the long term depletion problem was not understood. So, are the Saudis blind to the very concept of “depletion”?(*) That’s impossible to say at present. The only certain fact is that age of cheap oil is gone; even though some wild oscillations may make us believe that the good times have returned – but just for a while. 



(*) About being unable to perceive that a mineral resource is running out, an especially tragic case is that of Yemen. For a few years, I have been following the “Yemen Times” and. in all this time, I never could read any statement that indicated that the problem of oil depletion in Yemen was understood. Whenever the decline in production was mentioned, it was attributed to terrorism, civil unrest, and other temporary problems. From what I could read, it seems to me that the Yemen society was (and still is) completely and totally blind to the fact that they have been gradually running out of oil and that oil depletion is the root cause of all the troubles that they have experienced, and that they are experiencing right now. (graph from “our finite world“)

Cassandra’s legacy by Ugo Bardi



56 Comments on "Saudi Arabia: the great oil game"

  1. shortonoil on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 3:34 pm 

    “If we cannot grow energy supplies these policies will crash the economy. The producers and consumers must have adequate oil to power this economy. We must have adequate oil to create the activity needed to service all the debt.”

    Energy supplies are now being provided through the accumulation of huge amounts of debt. This is occurring not only with petroleum, but also with natural gas, and coal. This is equivalent to a misstated GDP. Debt is included in GDP with the assumption that it will be repayed; much of this energy debt will eventually default. Most producers can no longer command a high enough price to cover their cost of operations, and the cost of replacing the reserves which are being extracted. This will result in declining production as existing reserves are depleted out. Once production falls enough to limit cash flows below operational cost, they will default!

    The present system can be continued as long as debt can be created to provide the energy it requires, but once producers can no longer meet their operational cost it will end. Declining affordability, and increasing production cost will accelerate that occurrence. Wide scale defaults are likely to begin as soon a production volumes begin to decline. Declining world GDP of 10% per year would not be an unreasonable estimate.

  2. Nony on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 3:59 pm 

    BS, Davy word salad. Other large sources of energy are coal, natgas, nuclear, and hydro. And other important inputs are metals, grains, trees, natural fibers.

  3. apneaman on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 4:09 pm 

    If one simply challenges the constant “Every thing is awesome” PR meme and stops filtering out the obvious signs of trouble, it becomes clear that we have been contracting for some time. If you listen to some of the heavy hitters of various industries closely you can hear them almost grasp the scope and reality of overshoot, but not quite ready to admit it. Not ready to throw in the towel just yet on a doomed system.

    The great unraveling of globalization

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/reconsidering-the-value-of-globalization/2015/04/24/7b5425c2-e82e-11e4-aae1-d642717d8afa_story.html

  4. Davy on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 5:42 pm 

    NOo, you best call up The Marmi for some reinforcements. Your suffering battle fatigue and in danger of being overrun.

  5. Nony on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 5:47 pm 

    Davy, only have the one computer here now. Have to let that sock rest. Just remember, I am the dominant ego. Like the non Brad Pitt one in the movie Fight Club.

  6. apneaman on Wed, 29th Apr 2015 6:33 pm 

    Nony-marm, if your a split personality, does that mean you can actually go fuck yourself? If I could do that I’d never leave the house.

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