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It’s the oil, stupid! Insurgency and war on a sea of oil

It’s the oil, stupid! Insurgency and war on a sea of oil thumbnail

Events in Iraq are headline news everywhere, and once again, there is no mention of the issue that underlies much of the violence: control of Iraqi oil. Instead, the media is flooded with debate about, horror over, and extensive analysis of a not-exactly-brand-new terrorist threat, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). There are, in addition, elaborate discussions about the possibility of a civil war that threatens both a new round of ethnic cleansing and the collapse of the embattled government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

Underway are, in fact, “a series of urban revolts against the government,” as Middle Eastern expert Juan Cole has called them. They are currently restricted to Sunni areas of the country and have a distinctly sectarian character, which is why groups like ISIS can thrive and even take a leadership role in various locales. These revolts have, however, neither been created nor are they controlled by ISIS and its several thousand fighters. They also involve former Baathists and Saddam Hussein loyalists, tribal militias, and many others. And at least in incipient form they may not, in the end, be restricted to Sunni areas. As the New York Timesreported last week, the oil industry is “worried that the unrest could spread” to the southern Shia-dominated city of Basra, where “Iraq’s main oil fields and export facilities are clustered.”

Under the seething ocean of Sunni discontent lies a factor that is being ignored. The insurgents are not only in a struggle against what they see as oppression by a largely Shiite government in Baghdad and its security forces, but also over who will control and benefit from what Maliki — speaking for most of his constituents — told the Wall Street Journal is Iraq’s “national patrimony.”

The Deconstruction of Saddam Hussein’s Iraq

<img width="326" vspace="5" hspace="5" height="351" align="right" src="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" _fcksavedurl="/articles/General/2014/06_Jun/Iraq_map.png" alt="Map of Iraq from CIA Handbook, copied from main Wikipedia site via Wikimedia Commons." />Does anyone remember what Iraq looked like a dozen years ago, when Saddam Hussein still ruled the country and the United States was about to invade? On the one hand, Iraqis, especially Shiites and Kurds, suffered under the iron heel of an oppressive dictator — who may have killed 250,000 or more of his own people during his 25-year reign. They also struggled against the privation caused by U.S.-led sanctions — some estimates at the time placed the number of sanction-caused infant deaths alone at 500,000.

On the other hand, the country had a number of successful export-oriented industries like leather goods and agricultural products like dates that offered employment to hundreds of thousands of relatively well paid workers and entrepreneurs. It also had a resilient electrical, water, and highway infrastructure (though increasingly decrepit thanks to those sanctions). In addition, it had a best-in-the-region primary and higher educational system, and the finest (free) health care in the Middle East. In a nation of 27 million people, it also had — in comparison to other countries in the area — a large, mainly government-employed middle class of three million.

These pluses all flowed from a single source: the 2.5 million barrels of oil that Iraq produced each day. The daily income from the sale of the “national  patrimony” undergirded the country’s economic superstructure. In fact, the oil-based government budget was so ample that it supported Hussein with multiple palaces, enriched all his relatives and allies, and financed his various wars, both on other countries and on Iraq’s Kurds and Shiites.

This mixture of oppression and prosperity ended with the U.S. invasion. Despite denials that it would ever touch the Iraqi “patrimony,” the Bush administration went straight for those oil revenues, diverting them away from the economy and into “debt payment” and soon enough, a pacification campaign.  Despite promisesfrom Washington that, under an American occupation, production would soon rise to six million barrels per day, the struggle to take control of energy production out of Iraqi hands ended up crippling the industry and reducing production by 40%.

In fact, the occupation government was a whirlwind of economic destruction. It quickly began dismantling all government-run (and oil-subsidized) industrial plants, bankrupting the private industries that depended on them. It disrupted or destroyed commercial agriculture, again by discontinuing Saddam-era oil-financed subsidies and by air attacks on insurgents in rural areas. It imposed both austerity measures and a “de-Baathification” program on the country’s educational and medical systems.

Since most Iraqis holding any position of significance had no choice but to belong to Saddam’s Baath Party, this proved a disaster for middle class professionals, a majority of whom found themselves jobless or in exile in neighboring countries. Since they had managed such systems, often under increasingly terrible conditions, the effect on the management of the electrical, water, and highway infrastructure was devastating. Add in the effects of bombing campaigns and the privatization of maintenance and you had a lasting disaster.

When, in 2009, the Obama administration first began withdrawing U.S. combat troops, Iraqis everywhere — but especially in Sunni areas — faced up to 60% unemployment, sporadic electrical service, poisoned water systems, episodic education, a dysfunctional medical system, and a lack of viable public or private transportation. Few Westerners remember that, in 2010, Maliki based his election campaign on a promise to remedy these problems by — that figure again — increasing oil production to six million barrels per day. Since the existing production was more than sufficient to operate the government, virtually all of the increased revenues could be used to reconstruct the country’s infrastructure, revive the government sector, and rehabilitate all the devastated public services, industries, and agricultural sectors.

The Corrupt Legacy of the U.S. Occupation

Despite his obvious Shia sectarianism, Sunnis gave Maliki time to fulfill his campaign promises. For some, hopes were increased when service contracts were auctioned off to international oil firms with the aim of hiking energy production to that six million barrel mark by 2020. (Some, however, just saw this as the selling off of that national patrimony.) Many Iraqis were initially reassured when oil production began to rise: in 2011, the Hussein-era mark of 2.5 million barrels per day was finally reached, and in 2013 production finally exceeded 3.0 million barrels per day.

These increases raised hopes that reconstruction from the invasion and occupation era would finally begin. With oil prices holding steady at just under $100 per barrel, government oil revenues more than doubled, from about $50 billion in 2010 to more than $100 billion in 2013. This increase alone, if distributed to the population, would have constituted a windfall $10,000 subsidy for each of the five million Iraqi families. It also would have constituted a very promising down payment on restoring the Iraqi economy and its social services. (The electrical system in itself required tens of billions of dollars in new investment simply to restore it to inadequate pre-war levels.)

But none of this oil wealth trickled down to the grassroots, especially in Sunni areas of the country where signs of reconstruction, economic development, restored services, or jobs were hard to discern. Instead, the vast new revenues disappeared into the recesses of a government ranked by Transparency International as the seventh most corrupt on the planet.

Demanding a Share of the National Patrimony

So here’s where Iraqi oil, or the lack of its revenues at least, comes into play. Communities across Iraq, especially in embittered Sunni areas, began demandingfunding for reconstruction, often backed by local and provincial governments. In response, the Maliki government relentlessly refused to allocate any oil revenues for such projects, choosing instead to denounce such demands as efforts to divert funds from more urgent budgetary imperatives. That included tens of billions of dollars needed to purchase military supplies including, in 2011, 18 F-16 jets from the United States for $4 billion. In a rare moment of ironic insight, Time magazine concluded its coverage of the F-16 purchase with this comment: “The good news is the deal will likely keep Lockheed’s F-16 plant in Fort Worth running perhaps a year longer. The bad news is that only 70% of Iraqis have access to clean water, and only 25% have clean sanitation.”

In all fairness to Maliki, his government did use some of the new oil revenues tobegin restaffing wrecked government agencies and social service institutions, but virtually all of the new employment went to Shia citizens in Shia areas, while Sunnis continued to be fired from government jobs. This lack of employment — which meant, of course, the lack of oil money — has been key to the Sunni uprising. As Patrick Cockburn of the British newspaper, the Independentwrote,

“Sunni men were alienated by not having a job because government funds were spent elsewhere and, on occasion, suddenly sacked without a pension for obligatory membership of the Ba’ath party decades earlier. One Sunni teacher with 30 years’ experience one day got a crumpled note under his door telling him not to come to work at his school any more because he had been fired for this reason. ‘What am I to do? How am I going to feed my family?’ he asked.”

With conditions worsening, Sunni communities only became more insistent, supplementing their petitions and demonstrations with sit-ins at government offices, road blockades, and Tahrir Square-type occupations of public spaces. Maliki’s responses also escalated to arresting the political messengers, dispersing demonstrations, and, in a key moment in 2013, “killing dozens” of protestors when his “security forces opened fire on a Sunni protest camp.” This repression and the continued frustration of local demands helped regenerate the insurgencies that had been the backbone of the Sunni resistance during the American occupation. Once lethal violence began to be applied by government forces, guerrilla attacks became common in the areas north and west of Baghdad that the U.S. occupiers had labeled “the Sunni triangle.”

Many of these guerrilla actions were aimed at assassinating government officials, police, and — as their presence increased — soldiers sent by Maliki to suppress the protests. It is notable, however, that the most determined, well planned, and dangerous of these armed responses targeted oil facilities. Though the Sunni areas of Iraq are not major centers of oil production — more than 90% of the country’s energy is extracted in the Shia areas in the south and the Kirkuk region controlled by the Kurds — there are ample oil targets there. In addition to a number of small oil fields, the “Sunni triangle” has almost the entire length of the only substantial pipeline that exits the country (to Turkey), a significant refinery in Haditha, and the Baiji petroleum complex, which contains an electrical power plant serving the northern provinces and a 310,000 barrel per day oil refinery producing a third of the country’s refined petroleum.

There was nothing new about local guerrillas attacking oil facilities. In late 2003, soon after the U.S. occupation cut off the flow of oil revenues to Sunni areas, residents resorted to various strategies to stop production or export until they received what they felt was their fair share of the proceeds. The vulnerable pipeline to Turkey was rendered useless, thanks to more than 600 attacks. The Baiji and Haditha facilities held insurgents at bay by allowing local tribal leaders to siphon off a share — often as much as 20% — of the oil flowing through them. After the U.S. military took control of the facilities in early 2007 and ended this arrangement, the two refineries were regularly subjected to crippling attacks.

The pipeline and refineries returned to continuous operation only after the U.S. left Anbar Province and Maliki once again promised local tribal leaders and insurgents (often the same people) a share of the oil in exchange for “protecting” the facilities from theft or attack. This deal lasted for almost two years, but when the government began cracking down on Sunni protest, the “protection” was withdrawn. Looking at these developments from a petroleum perspective, Iraq Oil Report, an online industry newsletter that offers the most detailed coverage of oil developments in Iraq, marked this as a key moment of “deteriorating security,” commenting that the “forces guarding energy facilities… have historically relied on alliances with locals to help provide protection.”

Fighting for Oil

Iraq Oil Report has conscientiously covered the consequences of this “deteriorating security” situation. “Since last year when attacks on the [Turkish] pipeline began to increase,” the North Oil Company, in charge of production in Sunni areas, registered a 50% drop in production. The pipeline was definitively cut on March 2nd and since then, repair crews have been “prevented from accessing” the site of the break. The feeder pipeline for the Baiji complex was bombed on April 16th, causing a huge spill that rendered water from the Tigris River undrinkable for several days.

After “numerous” attacks in late 2013, the Sonangol Oil Company, the national oil company of Angola, invoked the “force majeure” clause in its contract with the Iraqi government, abandoning four years of development work on the the Qaiyarah and Najmah fields in Nineveh Province. This April, insurgents kidnapped the head of the Haditha refinery. In June, they took possession of the idle plant after government military forces abandoned it in the wake of the collapse of the Iraqi army in the country’s second largest city, Mosul.

In response to this rising tide of guerrilla attacks, the Maliki regime escalated its repression of Sunni communities, punishing them for “harboring” the insurgents. More and more soldiers were sent to cities deemed to be centers of “terrorism,” with orders to suppress all forms of protest. In December 2013, when government troops began using lethal force to clear protest camps that were blocking roads and commerce in several cities, armed guerrilla attacks on the military rose precipitously. In January, government officials and troops abandoned parts of Ramadi and all of Falluja, two key cities in the Sunni triangle.

This month, faced with what Patrick Cockburn called a “general uprising,” 50,000 troops abandoned their weapons to the guerrillas, and fled Mosul as well as several smaller cities. This development hit as if out of nowhere and was treated accordingly by much of the U.S. media, but Cockburn expressed the view of many informed observers when he termed the collapse of the army in Sunni areas “unsurprising.” As he and others pointed out, the soldiers of that corruption-ridden force “were not prepared to fight and die in their posts… since their jobs were always primarily about making money for their families.”

The military withdrawal from the cities immediately led to at least a partial withdrawal from oil facilities. On June 13th, two days after the fall of Mosul, Iraq Oil Report noted that the power station and other buildings in the Baiji complex were already “under the control of local tribes.” After a counterattack by government reinforcements, the complex became a contested area.

Iraq Oil Report characterized the attack on Baiji by insurgents as “what could be an attempt to hijack a portion of Iraq’s oil revenue stream.” If the occupation of Baiji is consolidated, the “zone of control” would also include the Haditha refinery, the Qaiyarah and Hamrah oil fields, and “key infrastructure corridors such as the Iraq-Turkey Pipeline and al-Fatha, where a collection of pipelines and other facilities deliver oil, gas and fuel to the center and north of the country.”

Further proof of this intention to control “a portion of Iraq’s oil revenue stream” can be found in the first actions taken by tribal guerrillas once they captured the power station at Baiji: “Militants have caused no damage and instructed workers to keep the facility online” in preparation for restarting the facility as soon as possible. Similar policies were instituted in the captured oil fields and at the Haditha refinery. Though the current situation is too uncertain to permit actual operation of the facilities, the overarching goal of the militants is clear. They are attempting to accomplish by force what could not be accomplished through the political process and protest: taking possession of a significant portion of the proceeds from the country’s oil exports.

And the insurgents appear determined to begin the reconstruction process that Maliki refused to fund. Only a few days after these victories, the Associated Press reported that insurgents were promising Mosul citizens and returning refugees “cheap gas and food,” and that they would soon restore power and water, and remove traffic barricades. Assumedly, this will be funded by upwards of $450 million (of oil money), as well as gold bullion, reportedly looted from a branch of the Central Bank of Iraq and assorted other banks in the Mosul area.

The oppressive regime of Saddam Hussein was racked with insurgency, and when vicious repression failed, it delivered a portion of the vast oil revenues to the people in the form of government jobs, social services, and subsidized industries and agriculture. The oppressive United States occupation was racked with insurgency precisely because it tried to harness the country’s vast oil revenues to its imperial designs in the Middle East. The oppressive Maliki regime is now racked with insurgency, because the prime minister refused to share those same vast oil revenues with his Sunni constituents.

It has always been about the oil, stupid!


22 Comments on "It’s the oil, stupid! Insurgency and war on a sea of oil"

  1. Plantagenet on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 10:44 am 

    Obama says he doesn’t need congressional approval to go to war in Iraq.

    Once again, its about the oil, stupid.

  2. HARM on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 12:53 pm 

    “Obama says he doesn’t need congressional approval to go to war in Iraq.”

    Gee, where did he get such a notion from, I wonder?

    Not saying it’s ok when a Democrat does it, just pointing out it’s hardly a new thing to the black guy currently occupying the Oval Office.

  3. noobtube on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 1:08 pm 

    The United States goes into country after country, invades and then exacts tribute, leaving the nation in a shambles… all under the guise of spreading Democracy and Freedom.

    Iraq… invasion, tribute, chaos.
    Afghanistan… invasion, tribute, chaos.
    Libya… invasion, tribute, chaos.

    The United States is some kind of demonic hellhole that spreads hell whereever it goes (their version of Democracy and freedom).

  4. Northwest Resident on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 1:18 pm 

    “The United States goes into country after country, invades and then exacts tribute, leaving the nation in a shambles…”

    Totally untrue, devoid of fact, ignoring history and basically idiotic statement. But hey, let’s go with it!

    So did Rome, the Huns, Alexander the Great, Germany, Japan, China, Russia, France, United Kingdom, etc… — and that’s just recent history. Why don’t you spend some of your valuable time bitching about them, noobtube?

    What you fail to realize noob, is that the “big dog” on the block always takes what it wants. That’s life on planet earth, or haven’t you figured it out yet?

    BTW, you foolishly blame “The United States” for all of the invasions and taking of oil, etc… But what you can’t seem to get is that there are fabulously wealthy and deeply entrenched international powers that are running the show, NOT the USA. The United States is a tool of those elite, not the other way around.

    Your blind hatred of America is pathetic, and so are you.

  5. noobtube on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 1:43 pm 

    What does Rome, Alexander, Germany, or Japan have to do with the United States invading and tearing apart Afghanistan, Libya, or Iraq under the guise of spreading Democracy and FREEDOM.

    You’re basically admitting the United States is a genocidal, mass-murdering, culture-destroying, war hysterical, dysfunctional, collection of psychopaths.

    History does not treat these types very well, which is why they don’t last.

    The United States is on course for a fast collapse, and a quick burn.

    I am just sitting back and watching as it self-destructs. The United States is its own worst enemy.

  6. Arthur on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 1:47 pm 

    “So did Rome, the Huns, Alexander the Great, Germany, Japan, China, Russia, France, United Kingdom, etc.”

    It is good to see that noobtube and NWR basically agree. It is just that noobtube should practice a little on his diplomatic skills.

  7. rockman on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 2:09 pm 

    Arthur – And don’t forget the Dutch. At one time they were THE naval force on the planet and ruled with an iron fist. Which makes for an odd mental image: the mighty iron fisted wearing wooden shoes and pointy hats.

  8. Arthur on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 2:57 pm 

    Rockman, I am deeply honoured that you are willing to rank my small but illustrious nation among the giants of history, like the Romans, Napoleonic France, the British empire, the Third Reich and the US. Again,

  9. Northwest Resident on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 3:12 pm 

    noob — Name one empire that did last. Just one. I’ve done plenty of reading on the subject. They all go down the tubes sooner or later, the only question is, how long does it take. It isn’t the general populace that is usually to blame, it is world events beyond their control, diminishing returns, using up all their resources, etc… Much like what is happening to all countries in the world today. Blame America all you want for the world’s troubles, but just realize that in doing so you consistently prove yourself to be a little light on logic and reason, but really big on misplaced hate and anger. God, it must suck to be you.

  10. tinyteatree on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 3:49 pm 

    knock, knock!!
    whose there?
    Its Democracy!!
    Demo who?
    Demo, just give me your god dam oil money!!

  11. noobtube on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 3:52 pm 

    The first great civilization, lasted 3000 years, with its customs, history, and beliefs intact.

    It was in Africa and produced great projects that exist to this day (Sphinx, Pyramids, Valley of Kings).

    That’s what you call living sustainably and in harmony with the Earth.

    Civilizations that don’t last, are just noise… gone in mere centuries because they were filled with mass murdering maniacs and genocidal monsters who had to terrorize others to spread their idiocy/lunacy.

    Those that lasted chose to limit themselves to their lands and their peoples and a few outposts outside the civilization.

    The United States is more like the Nazis than the Chinese. The Nazis thought they were the master race (like Americans) and use violent force against those who don’t meet their standards (like Americans), and see the military as the solution to all their problems (like Americans).

    The United States is nothing more than the garbage empire. Americans took their energy bonanza and turned it into the greatest trash pile the world has ever known.

    What a legacy.

  12. Davey on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 4:26 pm 

    Too bad Noob you lost. Just admit you got your clock cleaned. No one is going to listen to your rant when you don’t have a handle on basic high school history, physics, and ethics. Your a cry baby noob. We are tired of your whining. Be gone slug.

  13. noobtube on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 5:28 pm 

    I hope that makes you feel good, since “winning” is so important to Americans (psycopathic trait)…

    as their entire world falls apart around them.

  14. penury on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 5:51 pm 

    To beat a dead horse just a little more, can you name the country which has 189 bases in 135 countries (beside their own)? Can you name one country which is currently involved in some type of military action in at least 8 different countries(which doesn”t include their own)? Really hard isn’t it.

  15. redpill on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 7:34 pm 

    Testify noob! If we could just respect the worker and pay union wages like the Egyptians did for those projects you mention…..

    If you’re Egyptian, you’d best get to ranting about those damn Ethiopians and their imperialistic ideas about what to do with THEIR water, the Blue Nile that is.

  16. Davy, Hermann, MO on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 8:10 pm 

    Well look at the Noob!! The wuss actually stands up to a negative comment and retorts. Noob, that is showing some gonads. Maybe there is hope for you. Someday you will grow up and have a life.

    Penury, bad situation isn’t it. Too bad the world was not so F*cked up and maybe the Americans could stay home. “And” why don’t those countries just say no and tell the Americans to go home? “OR” what about all those countries taking advantage of the security umbrella? Lot of cheap countries out there getting their cake and eating it too. Sure there are some bad examples of American foreign policy. I see bad policy across the globe. Please name a country that is without sin and worthy of being called a decent country. I can name them on one hand.

  17. Makati1 on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 8:48 pm 

    Northwest … Americans are to blame. You and me and the others of voting age for the last 70 years or so.

    The US has plundered and killed for at least 70 years with our consent. No, our full support. We wanted to believe we were ‘exceptional’. That we had the ‘right’ to rule the world. We drank the cool aid and asked for more, more, more. It was only luck that gave the US the resources to win WW2, not planning. That gave us the weight to throw around and bully the rest of the world like we have been doing.

    Yes, it is the corporate/banking elite trying to rule the world, and not just the DC Mafia, but we still have the power to throw them out and get back our rights and morality and constitution. Or do we? I don’t think so. Most of us are still guzzling the ‘exceptional cool aid’ and asking for, no, demanding, more, more, more!

  18. penury on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 8:51 pm 

    Davey, you ask why those countries just say “no” and tell the Americans to go home? Let me give one example. The Americans have a base in Okinowa(sp) for the last twenty years that i am aware of the people and the Japanese government have been attempting to get the base closed.The U.S and japan signed an agreement that the government of Japan would pay the cost of relocating the marines to Guam and the base would be closed, however as time passed and the time for the base closure came closer it became impossible for the U.S. to re-locate the troops. Sound reasonable? Countries around the world pay for the bases located in their countries. As for the security umbrella, get real.

  19. Davy, Hermann, MO on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 9:03 pm 

    The Japanese Gov is at fault not the Americans, sorry, poor example. I am real, there is a global security umbrella that keeps stability. There is a price for this for both the Americans and the rest of the world. Get a grip!

  20. Northwest Resident on Wed, 25th Jun 2014 11:35 pm 

    penury said: “can you name the country which has 189 bases in 135 countries…”

    The reality is that without American military presence securing the common trade areas, this world would very quickly descend into chaos — your world, my world, everybody’s world. Only the most isolated tribes would be untouched by the chaos, and not even all of them would remain unaffected. America haters and America blamers think the world will be a nirvana if America drops off the map. But that’s just because they haven’t thought it all the way through. Be careful what you wish for.

  21. simonr on Thu, 26th Jun 2014 4:43 am 


    you do for history what Godzilla does for ballroom dancing.

    Maybe you could enlighten us with what civilisation we should take as a role model.

  22. Davy, Hermann, MO on Thu, 26th Jun 2014 5:01 am 

    Well said NR. The American haters here on this board expect complete hatred and critical focus on America to be member of their scum club. Mak, clue, and, noob are perfect examples of trash. I am not sure of Penury angle but your comment addresses his complaint. Pen makes a valid argument that needs to be addressed. Yet, NR you touch the point that basically security abhors a vacuum and until the world can step up and offer an effective counterbalance instability that is all we have. I am an isolationist by preference but accept at least for now we have to engage chaos and instability. I welcome an end of BAU in the regards of the US turning inwards. I do not like the fact that we are wasting so much effort and treasure on a world that in many case hates us. I hate you back world, childish maybe but screw the American haters. I am very critical of the US in so many ways. I am sure I am on a NSA folder. This NSA shit is an example of what I am fighting for. Do you throw the baby out with the bath water “NO”. I want for the US to get back to a simplicity and rationality. America is in the absurd now with a surreal lifestyle of living and dysfunctional political system. Yet, these American haters are hypocrites because they are critical without accepting their own failings personally and their home country. These type people are falsely righteous and one-sided indignants. They have no balance and shape the world view with a manufactured history and current events. These people are part of the blame and complain game that will ensure BAU collapses from lack of cooperation and compassion. If you cannot balance your criticism with self-criticism you have a message to sell. I am not perfect but I am open about my failings and my countries failing. It is only by humbly accepting ones failing does one have the opportunity to improve.

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