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An example of a false flag operation in the Italian invasion of Greece in 1940

An example of a false flag operation in the Italian invasion of Greece in 1940 thumbnail
The Italian attack against Greece, that started in October of 1940, was one of the greatest military blunders of history and it may be argued that it cost the axis powers the whole war. Here, I discuss how the attack provides is one of the few documented cases of a  “false flag” operation. (Image: Italian infantryman of the Italo-Greek war, from the front cover of “Storia della Guerra di Grecia” by Mario Cervi)

False flag attacks are a popular item, nowadays: secret operations carried out by governments to place the blame on their political or military enemies. However, If you try to examine the question in any depth, you immediately find yourself facing an incredible variety of claims and counter-claims. On one side, there are those who simply laugh at the conspiracy theorists and at their funny antics, and those who list case after case of presumed false flag attacks, including everything from the sinking of the Titanic to the blowing up of a tire of uncle Joe’s car. So, do strategic false flag attacks exist? And, if so, how common they are?

There are several cases of strategic false flag that are almost certain or, at least, very probable. Perhaps the best example of a documented false flag attack is that of the “Gleiwitz incident” of Aug 31, 1939, when Nazi forces posing as Poles attacked a German radio station. A classic case of false flag operation performed in order to justify the German attack on Poland. A more recent case is that of  “Operation Northwood” which, however, was never actually carried out. There are many more examples where false flag attacks are claimed, but cannot be proven. The best example, here, is the the Reichstag fire, in Berlin, in 1933; for which many details are not completely clear.

Given the paucity of verified historical examples, I think it is worth adding here a case of a false flag attack that can be verified beyond reasonable doubt and that it is not well known in English. It is the false flag operation that preceded the Italian attack against Greece, carried out in 1940 under orders by the Mussolini government.

The story of the Italo-Greek war is described in detail by Mario Cervi in his 1969 book “Storia della Guerra di Grecia” (translated into English as “The Hollow Legions“). I won’t go into the details in the story of how the Italian government decided to engage in this totally insensate campaign. Let me just say that the people at the top disregarded the most elementary rules of the international law and even those of human decency. In addition, they created true supermarket of examples of strategic stupidity. Indeed, the Greek campaign may well have cost to the Axis the war, forcing the Germans to intervene to rescue the Italians. That forced Germany to postpone of some months the attack against Russia, and then general Winter did his job, as everyone knows.

We have ample documentation about this war from the Italian side. The minutes of the reunions of the high command of the Italian government were approved by Mussolini himself and then filed. These documents have arrived to us, intact, and they tell us many details about the whole campaign and about the false flag operation that preceded the attack.

The story starts with the occupation of Albania by Italy in 1939, which was a relatively easy military operation. From there, the Italian government started considering an attack to neighboring Greece as part of an effort to control the whole Balkan region. That involved a certain propaganda effort and, in 1940, the Italian press started reporting that the Albanian inhabitants of the region of Chamuria, part of the Greek territory, wanted secession from Greece in order to be reunited with Albania and that they were facing a harsh repression carried out by the Greek government. The Italian viceroy of Albania, Francesco Jacomoni, provided reports – mostly purely invented – that fueled this propaganda operation.

Cervi reports how, on August 17 1940, Jacomoni himself proposed to the Duce to create a pretext for attacking Greece by means of a false flag attack to be performed by “by personnel loyal to us against one of our border posts.” The idea didn’t have an immediate approval, but, in October, when the attack to Greece had been decided for Oct 26 (later moved to the 28), Mussolini himself asked for “An incident at the border that could give to our action the aspect of provocation to justify our action.” The answer was given on the spot by Galeazzo Ciano, foreign ministry and son in law of the Duce, “the action will take place on Oct 24.

The “action” was delayed to Oct 26, but it took place as planned. Mario Cervi reports how the Italian press reported that “A Greek band had attacked with automatic weapons and hand grenades an Albanian border post near Corizia and that the attack had been repulsed; that six of the attacking Greeks had been captured, and that the Albanian troops had suffered two casualties and three wounded.

Cervi comments on this point that these Albanian victims had been “immolated, if they ever existed, on the altar of the ruthless needs of the state.” Indeed, we cannot exclude that the attack was exaggerated, or even a pure invention; created out of thin air by the Viceroy of Albania and his staff. However, even though we can’t be certain about the claimed victims, it is clear that some kind of attack took place: the Greek authorities set up an investigating committee and claimed that they were not responsible for it; but never claimed that there had not been an attack.

Whether it caused victims or not, the false flag attack served its purpose. In Albania, it was followed by manifestations against the “Greek aggression,” and in Italy by a press campaign of insults and protests against Greece. There followed the Italian ultimatum against Greece and then the ill-fated attack. Below, how the incident was presented in the Italian press (“La Stampa”) on Oct 28 1940. The title says “Murky Greek plan to provoke Albania.

Cervi also reports that Mussolini commented on the false flag attacks by saying that “No one will believe in this fatality, but for a reason of metaphysical character it will be possible to say that it was necessary to come to a conclusion” – which, incidentally, shows how nearly 20 years of unopposed government had turned Mussolini from a sharp politician into a bumbling fool.

From these documents, we can learn that “false flag” operations were an accepted and obvious component of strategic actions by that time. Note how nobody challenged Mussolini about the need of carrying out such an operation. It all seemed obvious to everyone involved and that tells us that in the period before and during the second world war, secret false flags were part of the strategic arsenal of at least some governments and commonly used.

Note also how Mussolini doesn’t think too much about signing and archiving documents that say that he had ordered and approved an action that can only be described as a war crime. Again, it seems that it was seen as wholly normal – not something that could have led anyone to be shot as a war criminal. (Incidentally, that was what happened to Mussolini, but to none of the other people who approved and carried out the false flag operation, including Francesco Jacomoni)

Of course, this old false flag operation doesn’t tell us anything specific about the many claimed false flags of modern times. It does, however, add another verified case to the number of verified ones. Government conspiracies did exist in the past and it would surely be excessive optimism to think they don’t exist any more. In the future, we may know more about the events that have shaped so much of the perception of the conflicts of our times.


7 Comments on "An example of a false flag operation in the Italian invasion of Greece in 1940"

  1. Truth Has A Liberal Bias on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 4:01 pm 

    Question for the editor of this pathetic website:

    What the fuck does this have to do with peak oil?

  2. Davy on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 4:09 pm 

    Not true with liberal doses of dumbass. Don’t’ thou know dumbass? What an idiot.

  3. apneaman on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 5:02 pm 

    What’s peak oil? ahhh who fucking cares I jes luvs to DOOM.

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  4. Davy on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 5:18 pm 

    Great link Ape. My biggest worry is a runaway methane event. That would kiss our food chain goodbye in short order. Apocalypse now.

  5. dissident on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 6:22 pm 

    What a ludicrous pile of revisionist shite to claim that some Italian invasion of Greece cost the axis the war. The axis lost the war on the eastern front where 80% of German military resources were expended. Sending over some more Italians to the eastern front would have accomplished nothing.

  6. Davy on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 7:51 pm 

    Dizzy, has agenda issues.

  7. BobInget on Thu, 29th Oct 2015 8:54 pm 

    Speaking of military blunders;

    Saudis side with Israel against fellow Muslim Arabs
    Saudi Arabian prince and media mogul al-Waleed b has said that his state must consider forging a “defense pact” with Tel Aviv in order to stop Iran from getting involved in the unfolding Middle East crisis, according to Kuwaiti Al Qabas Daily.

    Prince al-Waleed was quoted as saying, “The whole Middle East dispute is tantamount to matter of life and death for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from my vantage point, and I know that Iranians seek to unseat the Saudi regime by playing the Palestinian card. Hence, to foil their plots, Saudi Arabia and Israel must bolster their relations and form a united front to stymie Tehran’s ambitious agenda.”

    The Saudi media tycoon asserted that Iran seeks to support Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime, thereby bolstering its own presence and influence in the region.

    image: iran iaf.jpg

    Support the IDF against a nuclear Iran
    He went on to say that in the case of another Palestinian uprising, he would stand with Israel for the sake of stopping Iran. “I will side with the Jewish nation and its democratic aspirations in case of outbreak of a Palestinian Intifada and I shall exert all my influence to break any ominous Arab initiatives set to condemn Tel Aviv, because I deem the Arab-Israeli entente and future friendship necessary to impede the Iranian dangerous encroachment,” he said, according to Al Qabas.

    Prince al-Waleed made the remarks on a regional tour of other Gulf Arab states, including Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, as he attempted to muster regional support for Saudi-backed Islamist rebels in Syria.


    Poster’s note:

    IMO, this is a strong sign of weakness.

    I pose two questions;
    1) It’s widely known where ISIS gets the majority of its funding. (Selling Syrian oil back to the Syrian government)
    Question: why don’t allied or Russian forces destroy those money pits? This would put additional pressure on Saudi financial backers thereby exposing their true allegiance, that’s why.

    2)How much power projection will ‘The House of Saud’ maintain if they are incapable of exporting for a single month?

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