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Fracking fuels half of U.S. output

The rise of fracking has reshaped the global energy landscape.

It recently hit a new milestone in the U.S. Fracking now accounts for more than half of all U.S. oil output, according to the Energy Information Administration. It’s a stunning feat considering fracking made up less than 2% of American oil production in 2000.

Hydraulic fracturing technology, more commonly known as “fracking,” paved the way for drilling into America’s enormous shale deposits. It has fueled a dramatic boom in U.S. oil production.

Back in 2000, there were just 23,000 fracking wells pumping about 102,000 barrels of oil a day. Now there are 300,000 fracking wells, churning out 4.3 million barrels per day.

Fracking “has allowed the United States to increase its oil production faster than at any time in its history,” the EIA said in recent report.

U.S. output has nearly doubled over the past decade and America only trails Saudi Arabia and Russia globally.

That surge in American crude is one of the main reasons why there is a global glut in oil that keeps getting worse. The excess supply caused oil prices to peak in mid-2014 and crash as much as 75% since then.

“Prices are where they are because shale has been so phenomenally successful. It’s changed the whole pricing paradigm,” said Tamar Essner, director of Nasdaq’s energy team.

fracking output

Related: Epic oil glut gets worse

So how does fracking work?

Fracking involves shooting a mixture of mostly water and sand under high pressure against a rock formation until it fractures. The sand fills the fracture, forcing crude oil out of the rock formation.

Fracking has been criticized for its potential environmental consequences, including water contamination and earthquakes. These concerns were summed up in a 2010 HBO documentary called “Gasland” that focused on communities impacted by natural gas fracking.

Shale oil is not a new discovery. It’s actually been around for 60 years. What’s new is that the technology has vastly improved in recent years.

Innovation has made previously-expensive fracking much more efficient. High oil prices before and after the Great Recession lured tons of investment dollars into this space, fueling a technological revolution. Investors were also motivated by extremely low interest rates to borrow cheap and invest in this technology.

The fracking revolution first hit the natural gas space, fueling a wave of production in giant shale fields such as the Barnett and Marcellus spread across Texas, New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. But a supply glut quickly formed in natural gas, causing prices to crater.

oil prices tumbled 2015


Days of $100 oil gone for now thanks to fracking

Fracking then spread to shale oil fields, led by the Eagle Ford and Permian Basin of Texas and the Bakken formation of North Dakota. This turned out to be a game changer because it brought about a ton of new supply that was cheaper to drill than deepwater projects or even the Canadian oil sands.

“The incremental amount of new supply was really underestimated. I don’t think any OPEC member took shale seriously until maybe two years ago,” said Essner.

The other game-changing characteristic of fracking shale oil is how fast the entire process is. While deepwater production in places like the Gulf of Mexico require tons of lead time, shale wells can be drilled and start pumping oil relatively quickly.

The “fast-cycle” nature of shale is one of the reasons many believe the days of $100 oil are gone for now.

Lately, shale drillers have dialed down pumping and U.S. oil output has declined a tad in recent months because oil prices fell as low as $25 a barrel.

However, everyone expects some of these oil fields to be easily switched back on the minute oil prices hit levels where they can make money. For some shale oil fields that price can be as low as $40 a barrel.

“It puts a ceiling on how far and how fast prices can go up,” Essner said.


26 Comments on "Fracking fuels half of U.S. output"

  1. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 7:46 pm 

    This chart should give anyone who is still laboring under the delusion that we are anywhere near peak oil (at least in the U.S.) some pause:

  2. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 7:55 pm 

    Or, even better. Let’s dial it way back to before the last peak in 1971:

    And even this graph is outdated (April 2015).

  3. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 7:58 pm 

    Let’s face it, Peak Oil has been cancelled for at least a generation. We should all be promoting alternative energy –mainly to spare the environment and other species– but not because society is in imminent danger of collapse due to scarce, expensive fossil fuels.

  4. makati1 on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 8:32 pm 

    When you cannot make a profit, you will close down. The days of fraking in the Us are numbered and getting closer to zero every day. And they will NOT bounce back. The financial system that supported them is dying also.

    CNN is nothing more than an ad outlet for big oil. Not a source for facts or rational thought.

  5. Plantagenet on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 8:32 pm 

    Yes Peak Oil didn’t happen in 2005. That doesn’t mean it will be postponed for another generation. Yes we are in an oil glut now—-but all it would take is for Saudi or Russia to peak and start declining, and the world would be looking at peak oil again.


  6. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 8:46 pm 


    Here’s the thing that convinces me the global peak will be postponed *at least* a generation: Fracking has really only been deployed on a massive scale in one place: the U.S. Not coincidentally, the U.S. is also the birthplace of the original oil boom in the late 1900s, so naturally we hit our peak a lot faster than other countries, and were forced to look for alternatives.

    Russia, KSA, Iraq, Iran, Mexico, Venezuela, etc., are about to or only recently hot their respective peaks. Meaning, their frack revolution has not yet begun. If one country that had been in “terminal” decline for over 40 years could reverse that decline (and create a global supply glut) in only a few years by fracking fields considered old/marginal or in “terminal decline”, imagine what the KSA or Russia could do?

  7. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 8:58 pm 


    I’m sure I’m preaching to the choir here, but please recall that “profits” and “losses”, much like “money” are artificial constructs to ensure the dominance of the 0.01% over the rest of us and about as real as a gold-pooping unicorn. The oligarchs can create as much “money” (for themselves) as they want to, while simultaneously restricting access to that unlimited river of “money” for everyone else.

    Recall how we all expected the housing bubble to blow up spectacularly and start Great Depression #2? Instead, almost every financial firm and plutocrat were fully bailed out, no one went to jail, and the 6 largest banks are now roughly double the size they were before the “crisis”. And residential housing prices…? In the U.S., they are back to –or above- what they were in 2007. In the hottest markets of Canada, Australia and the UK, they are almost DOUBLE what they were in 2007.

    Whatever the TPTB needs to preserve its wealth and power, it automatically gets. If it takes helicopter dropping trillion dollar coins on the Hamptons, so be it.

    Scarcity only exists for proletarian scum. For everyone at the pyramid’s apex, it’s limitless wealth and power and no accountability or consequences. For the lucky few, it’s a cocaine and hookers party that never ends.

  8. makati1 on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 10:02 pm 

    HARM, the oligarchs cannot just print what they want and they are beginning to realize that fact themselves. The US would not be collapsing if your assertion was true. Fiat money is nothing. Just paper and ones and zeros. It is not backed by anything tangible. It is doomed to evaporate into the either it came from.

    Gold is being horded by some countries that see the end of fiat coming. They know that anyone who can back their money with something everyone values, will win the financial war. The Us has no gold as they have all of their chips bet on worthless paper.

    Fraking cannot exist where prices are not high enough to support it. We are in a world of declining ability to purchase/consume. Dream on if you actually believe that we have not passed the peak some 8-10 years ago and are on the slide toward the cliff that ends the Age of Petroleum.

    You seem to have a difficult time seeing past your predetermined ideas and giving new facts a chance to change them. Too bad.

  9. marmico on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 10:23 pm 

    Echo chamber for fucktards

  10. Pennsyguy on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 10:37 pm 

    I have three questions:
    1. Light-tight oil is unconventional: how is it handled at the refinery?

    2. What is its EROEI?

    3. Who pays for the well capping if the producers go bankrupt?

    Finally, I think that the fracking miracle is another financial bubble rather than a long-term, high-quality energy source, but don’t worry, I think I saw fusion happen when I put a zinc electrode in my beer. Investors are welcomed.

  11. HARM on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 10:40 pm 


    Yes, the oligarchs can –and do– print all they want. It’s called fractional reserve central banking. They’ve not only been made whole from their last self-created reckless debt orgy “crisis”, they are richer and more powerful than ever. It is YOU and I who cannot print whatever we want. Big difference. Kind of how the eCONonmy is not actually “broken”, it’s doing exactly what it’s been programmed to do–reverse Robin Hood wealth transfer.

    And if you really think the U.S. is collapsing then you need to get out more. Sure, the low information proles are angry about being turned into permanent debt serfs, who wouldn’t be? Even so, as many of them are as likely to blame “socialism” and themselves as crony capitalism. The tranquilizing opiate of cheap beer, cable TV and video games comforts, while the steady stream of right-wing talk radio, SuperPAC ads and mega-church pastors tell them where to vent that anger when they get riled up (gays, wimmun and darkies).

    Re: what’s “tangible” and not, gold and “sound money” are just another illusion. Nothing has any economic intrinsic value –it’s solely determined by the “value” people place in it. And if you think money/credit cannot be hoarded or manipulated under a gold standard, I’d invite you to read a history of the robber baron 19th and early 20th century. Shiny yellow metal won’t save us from our collective delusions, and gold, like anything, can be leveraged, financialized and experience it’s own asset bubble –as we’ve already seen, twice: once in the late 70s, and just recently.

    And for the record, how do I “have a difficult time seeing past [my]predetermined ideas and giving new facts a chance to change them” when that is precisely what I have done? I used to be convinced that peak oil (and peak debt) was imminent and there was nothing the PTB could do to defer it. I freely admit I was flat out wrong, and the reality of facts and data forced me to that point.

    Does that sound like someone in denial to you?

  12. Practicalmaina on Mon, 28th Mar 2016 10:53 pm 

    Ruh roh…. pennysguy we pay, same thing that is happening as king coal dies. Eroei can’t be that great or things would not be getting so desperate for them.

  13. Practicalmaina on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 12:03 am 

    Give me billions in no interest loans and have the EPA role over people for me and I bet I could get way better returns on renewables, not for 3-5 years but decades.

  14. yoananda on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 3:49 am 

    “Fracking has really only been deployed on a massive scale in one place”

    Fracking has NOT been deployed elsewhere.
    That’s why peak oil will not be postponned 😉

    The real question is : why, if fracking is so revolutionnary, in all this time, nobody else use it ?
    This is the real question.
    Even in US, the pipeline have been canceled. Frack oil is transported by train.
    So I think, fracking is not here to last.
    (It’s here only because FED rates are so low)

    I think it will stay in US, for many reasons.
    I think peak oil will not be postponed, it’s already here.
    The oil economy is sick.

    Except for US production, everything goes like if it was the peak oil.

  15. rockman on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 7:08 am 

    “Hydraulic fracturing technology, more commonly known as “fracking,” paved the way for drilling into America’s enormous shale deposits. It has fueled a dramatic boom in U.S. oil production.” And once more another fool (or liar) trying to spin another myth. Frac’ng tech existed long before the shale boom. The orcess today varies little from how it was done 15 years ago. The oil in the shales was known decades before the boom. What wasn’t present before were the high oil prices combined with the desperation of US public oil companies to show growth. And it was that combination that “paved the way”.

    And now that prices have fallen the number of new shale wells has also dropped significantly. And in a year or two, if prices don’t rebound significantly, the slide backwards towards the pre-boom dynamic will be undeniable by even the most ardent shale hyper. LOL.

  16. makati1 on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 7:19 am 

    HARM, I lived in the US for 63 years. I understand how it works and what is happening better than you seem to. I am not fed the daily pile of bullshit they call news. My brainwashing was broken 15 years ago. I can see reality and what I write is what I see. No blinders. No rose colored glasses. No lies or dreams. Just reality.

    The elite are taking down the Us right along with Europe and the ME. The West is dying. The East is rising. But I don’t see a future for any of us. I have grand kids who will never see 70 years. Maybe not even 40. To deny what is obvious is to deny your own happy future. If you are not preparing for the US collapse, you will pay. And it will not only be in fiat but in blood.

  17. GregT on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 9:26 am 


    “Here’s the thing that convinces me the global peak will be postponed *at least* a generation: Fracking has really only been deployed on a massive scale in one place: the U.S. Not coincidentally, the U.S. is also the birthplace of the original oil boom in the late 1900s, so naturally we hit our peak a lot faster than other countries, and were forced to look for alternatives.”

    The alternatives that the US was ‘forced to look for’ since 1973 did not come from fraking, they came from other countries, much of it at the end of a gun barrel, or financial terrorism, or both. Fraking added around ~3.5 Mbbl/d, while the US consumes ~18.5 Mbbl/d, of which some 8Mbbl/d are still imported. When those other countries peak, they also will become net importers. Where do you believe that all of this imported oil is going to come from? Mars?

  18. Davy on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 10:28 am 

    “The alternatives that the US was ‘forced to look for’ since 1973 did not come from fraking, they came from other countries, much of it at the end of a gun barrel, or financial terrorism, or both.”

    Much of it? How about some of it? You might add that Canada is complicit in your above exaggerating.

  19. practicalMaina on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 10:47 am 

    The alternative in the 70s were also wool sweaters, slowing the highway speed down, having to sit in a line for a gas pump would make me ride a bike a lot more, hell i have even heard they put sails on some lobster boats to help them steer into the wind to save a little diesel. Fewer flights, slowing everything down a bit, fewer walmart shit plastic products produced, more people producing their own food, fewer commuting to pointless jobs, come on recession, mother earth needs a break.

  20. GregT on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 12:32 pm 

    “You might add that Canada is complicit in your above exaggerating.”

    Canada has become a resource base for US multinational corporations, as has much of the rest of the world. NAFTA was not a good deal for Canadians, Americans, or Mexicans, in general, but it was very lucrative for the globalists. AKA, the Financial Terrorists. Take your blinders off Davy. Nobody is attacking your little flag. They are attacking those who have none of our best interests at heart, including yours.

  21. Davy on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 1:14 pm 

    I am attacking extremist morons GregT. Did you see me disagree with what you said? No. I reality tested what you said and told you to be real and stop the exaggerations and include yourself in the criticism. As soon as you are pulled into the equation you have a panic attack. Canada has a high standard of living by being complicit in the rap and pillage of the world. Finger pointing arrogant Canadians like GregT forget these things. GregT wants you to think Canada got rich by selling maple syrup and lumber. What a joke.

  22. GregT on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 2:01 pm 

    “As soon as you are pulled into the equation you have a panic attack.”

    How, exactly, is it that you believe that you have “pulled me into the equation” Davy. I do not support nationalism. I understand that we have gone down an unsustainable path that does not end well for any of us. Why would anybody in their right mind who understands that, continue to be in support of it?

  23. Davy on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 2:30 pm 

    Greg, you are a 1%er. Your country is at the high side of living standards. You and your country are accessories to rape and pillage just as I am and my country. Quit acting innocent.

  24. GregT on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 2:42 pm 

    It isn’t ‘my’ country Davy. I did not create ‘it’, I have no say in the direction that ‘it’ takes, and I do not support much of what ‘it’ does.

    It does not belong to me. The same as the USA does not belong to you. The USA is not your country Davy. It is in control of you. You are not in control of it.

  25. Apneaman on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 3:02 pm 

    Davy, here is an incomplete list of US interventions. Your turn – Give us the list of Canadian interventions so you can prove that they are the same. We’re waiting.



    The following is a partial list of U.S. military interventions from 1890 to 2014.

    “OUNTRY OR STATE Dates of intervention Forces Comments
    SOUTH DAKOTA 1890 (-?) Troops 300 Lakota Indians massacred at Wounded Knee.
    ARGENTINA 1890 Troops Buenos Aires interests protected.
    CHILE 1891 Troops Marines clash with nationalist rebels.
    HAITI 1891 Troops Black revolt on Navassa defeated.
    IDAHO 1892 Troops Army suppresses silver miners’ strike.
    HAWAII 1893 (-?) Naval, troops Independent kingdom overthrown, annexed.
    CHICAGO 1894 Troops Breaking of rail strike, 34 killed.
    NICARAGUA 1894 Troops Month-long occupation of Bluefields.
    CHINA 1894-95 Naval, troops Marines land in Sino-Japanese War
    KOREA 1894-96 Troops Marines kept in Seoul during war.
    PANAMA 1895 Troops, naval Marines land in Colombian province.
    NICARAGUA 1896 Troops Marines land in port of Corinto.
    CHINA 1898-1900 Troops Boxer Rebellion fought by foreign armies.
    PHILIPPINES 1898-1910 (-?) Naval, troops Seized from Spain, killed 600,000 Filipinos
    CUBA 1898-1902 (-?) Naval, troops Seized from Spain, still hold Navy base.
    PUERTO RICO 1898 (-?) Naval, troops Seized from Spain, occupation continues.
    GUAM 1898 (-?) Naval, troops Seized from Spain, still use as base.
    MINNESOTA 1898 (-?) Troops Army battles Chippewa at Leech Lake.
    NICARAGUA 1898 Troops Marines land at port of San Juan del Sur.
    SAMOA 1899 (-?) Troops Battle over succession to throne.
    NICARAGUA 1899 Troops Marines land at port of Bluefields.
    IDAHO 1899-1901 Troops Army occupies Coeur d’Alene mining region.
    OKLAHOMA 1901 Troops Army battles Creek Indian revolt.
    PANAMA 1901-14 Naval, troops Broke off from Colombia 1903, annexed Canal Zone; Opened canal 1914.
    HONDURAS 1903 Troops Marines intervene in revolution.
    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 1903-04 Troops U.S. interests protected in Revolution.
    KOREA 1904-05 Troops Marines land in Russo-Japanese War.
    CUBA 1906-09 Troops Marines land in democratic election.
    NICARAGUA 1907 Troops “Dollar Diplomacy” protectorate set up.
    HONDURAS 1907 Troops Marines land during war with Nicaragua
    PANAMA 1908 Troops Marines intervene in election contest.
    NICARAGUA 1910 Troops Marines land in Bluefields and Corinto.
    HONDURAS 1911 Troops U.S. interests protected in civil war.
    CHINA 1911-41 Naval, troops Continuous occupation with flare-ups.
    CUBA 1912 Troops U.S. interests protected in civil war.
    PANAMA 1912 Troops Marines land during heated election.
    HONDURAS 1912 Troops Marines protect U.S. economic interests.
    NICARAGUA 1912-33 Troops, bombing 10-year occupation, fought guerillas
    MEXICO 1913 Naval Americans evacuated during revolution.
    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 1914 Naval Fight with rebels over Santo Domingo.
    COLORADO 1914 Troops Breaking of miners’ strike by Army.
    MEXICO 1914-18 Naval, troops Series of interventions against nationalists.
    HAITI 1914-34 Troops, bombing 19-year occupation after revolts.
    TEXAS 1915 Troops Federal soldiers crush “Plan of San Diego” Mexican-American rebellion
    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 1916-24 Troops 8-year Marine occupation.
    CUBA 1917-33 Troops Military occupation, economic protectorate.
    WORLD WAR I 1917-18 Naval, troops Ships sunk, fought Germany for 1 1/2 years.
    RUSSIA 1918-22 Naval, troops Five landings to fight Bolsheviks
    PANAMA 1918-20 Troops “Police duty” during unrest after elections.
    HONDURAS 1919 Troops Marines land during election campaign.
    YUGOSLAVIA 1919 Troops/Marines intervene for Italy against Serbs in Dalmatia.
    GUATEMALA 1920 Troops 2-week intervention against unionists.
    WEST VIRGINIA 1920-21 Troops, bombing Army intervenes against mineworkers.
    TURKEY 1922 Troops Fought nationalists in Smyrna.
    CHINA 1922-27 Naval, troops Deployment during nationalist revolt.






    Airpower defends Calles from rebellion

    Landed twice during election strife.

    PANAMA 1925 Troops Marines suppress general strike.
    CHINA 1927-34 Troops Marines stationed throughout the country.
    EL SALVADOR 1932 Naval Warships send during Marti revolt.
    WASHINGTON DC 1932 Troops Army stops WWI vet bonus protest.
    WORLD WAR II 1941-45 Naval, troops, bombing, nuclear Hawaii bombed, fought Japan, Italy and Germay for 3 years; first nuclear war.
    DETROIT 1943 Troops Army put down Black rebellion.
    IRAN 1946 Nuclear threat Soviet troops told to leave north.
    YUGOSLAVIA 1946 Nuclear threat, naval Response to shoot-down of US plane.
    URUGUAY 1947 Nuclear threat Bombers deployed as show of strength.
    GREECE 1947-49 Command operation U.S. directs extreme-right in civil war.
    GERMANY 1948 Nuclear Threat Atomic-capable bombers guard Berlin Airlift.
    CHINA 1948-49 Troops/Marines evacuate Americans before Communist victory.
    PHILIPPINES 1948-54 Command operation CIA directs war against Huk Rebellion.
    PUERTO RICO 1950 Command operation Independence rebellion crushed in Ponce.
    KOREA 1951-53 (-?) Troops, naval, bombing , nuclear threats U.S./So. Korea fights China/No. Korea to stalemate; A-bomb threat in 1950, and against China in 1953. Still have bases.
    IRAN 1953 Command Operation CIA overthrows democracy, installs Shah.
    VIETNAM 1954 Nuclear threat French offered bombs to use against seige.
    GUATEMALA 1954 Command operation, bombing, nuclear threat CIA directs exile invasion after new gov’t nationalized U.S. company lands; bombers based in Nicaragua.
    EGYPT 1956 Nuclear threat, troops Soviets told to keep out of Suez crisis; Marines evacuate foreigners.
    LEBANON l958 Troops, naval Army & Marine occupation against rebels.
    IRAQ 1958 Nuclear threat Iraq warned against invading Kuwait.
    CHINA l958 Nuclear threat China told not to move on Taiwan isles.
    PANAMA 1958 Troops Flag protests erupt into confrontation.
    VIETNAM l960-75 Troops, naval, bombing, nuclear threats Fought South Vietnam revolt & North Vietnam; one million killed in longest U.S. war; atomic bomb threats in l968 and l969.
    CUBA l961 Command operation CIA-directed exile invasion fails.
    GERMANY l961 Nuclear threat Alert during Berlin Wall crisis.
    LAOS 1962 Command operation Military buildup during guerrilla war.
    CUBA l962 Nuclear threat, naval Blockade during missile crisis; near-war with Soviet Union.
    IRAQ 1963 Command operation CIA organizes coup that killed president, brings Ba’ath Party to power, and Saddam Hussein back from exile to be head of the secret service.
    PANAMA l964 Troops Panamanians shot for urging canal’s return.
    INDONESIA l965 Command operation Million killed in CIA-assisted army coup.
    DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 1965-66 Troops, bombing Army & Marines land during election campaign.
    GUATEMALA l966-67 Command operation Green Berets intervene against rebels.
    DETROIT l967 Troops Army battles African Americans, 43 killed.
    UNITED STATES l968 Troops After King is shot; over 21,000 soldiers in cities.
    CAMBODIA l969-75 Bombing, troops, naval Up to 2 million killed in decade of bombing, starvation, and political chaos.
    OMAN l970 Command operation U.S. directs Iranian marine invasion.
    LAOS l971-73 Command operation, bombing U.S. directs South Vietnamese invasion; “carpet-bombs” countryside.
    SOUTH DAKOTA l973 Command operation Army directs Wounded Knee siege of Lakotas.
    MIDEAST 1973 Nuclear threat World-wide alert during Mideast War.
    CHILE 1973 Command operation CIA-backed coup ousts elected marxist president.
    CAMBODIA l975 Troops, bombing Gassing of captured ship Mayagüez, 28 troops die when copter shot down.
    ANGOLA l976-92 Command operation CIA assists South African-backed rebels.
    IRAN l980 Troops, nuclear threat, aborted bombing Raid to rescue Embassy hostages; 8 troops die in copter-plane crash. Soviets warned not to get involved in revolution.
    LIBYA l981 Naval jets Two Libyan jets shot down in maneuvers.
    EL SALVADOR l981-92 Command operation, troops Advisors, overflights aid anti-rebel war, soldiers briefly involved in hostage clash.
    NICARAGUA l981-90 Command operation, naval CIA directs exile (Contra) invasions, plants harbor mines against revolution.
    LEBANON l982-84 Naval, bombing, troops Marines expel PLO and back Phalangists, Navy bombs and shells Muslim positions. 241 Marines killed when Shi’a rebel bombs barracks.
    GRENADA l983-84 Troops, bombing Invasion four years after revolution.
    HONDURAS l983-89 Troops Maneuvers help build bases near borders.
    IRAN l984 Jets Two Iranian jets shot down over Persian Gulf.
    LIBYA l986 Bombing, naval Air strikes to topple Qaddafi gov’t.
    BOLIVIA 1986 Troops Army assists raids on cocaine region.
    IRAN l987-88 Naval, bombing US intervenes on side of Iraq in war, defending reflagged tankers and shooting down civilian jet.
    LIBYA 1989 Naval jets Two Libyan jets shot down.
    VIRGIN ISLANDS 1989 Troops St. Croix Black unrest after storm.
    PHILIPPINES 1989 Jets Air cover provided for government against coup.
    PANAMA 1989 (-?) Troops, bombing Nationalist government ousted by 27,000 soldiers, leaders arrested, 2000+ killed.
    LIBERIA 1990 Troops Foreigners evacuated during civil war.
    SAUDI ARABIA 1990-91 Troops, jets Iraq countered after invading Kuwait. 540,000 troops also stationed in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, UAE, Israel.
    IRAQ 1990-91 Bombing, troops, naval Blockade of Iraqi and Jordanian ports, air strikes; 200,000+ killed in invasion of Iraq and Kuwait; large-scale destruction of Iraqi military.
    KUWAIT 1991 Naval, bombing, troops Kuwait royal family returned to throne.
    IRAQ 1991-2003 Bombing, naval No-fly zone over Kurdish north, Shiite south; constant air strikes and naval-enforced economic sanctions
    LOS ANGELES 1992 Troops Army, Marines deployed against anti-police uprising.
    SOMALIA 1992-94 Troops, naval, bombing U.S.-led United Nations occupation during civil war; raids against one Mogadishu faction.
    YUGOSLAVIA 1992-94 Naval NATO blockade of Serbia and Montenegro.
    BOSNIA 1993-? Jets, bombing No-fly zone patrolled in civil war; downed jets, bombed Serbs.
    HAITI 1994 Troops, naval Blockade against military government; troops restore President Aristide to office three years after coup.
    ZAIRE (CONGO) 1996-97 Troops Troops at Rwandan Hutu refugee camps, in area where Congo revolution begins.
    LIBERIA 1997 Troops Soldiers under fire during evacuation of foreigners.
    ALBANIA 1997 Troops Soldiers under fire during evacuation of foreigners.
    SUDAN 1998 Missiles Attack on pharmaceutical plant alleged to be “terrorist” nerve gas plant.
    AFGHANISTAN 1998 Missiles Attack on former CIA training camps used by Islamic fundamentalist groups alleged to have attacked embassies.
    IRAQ 1998 Bombing, Missiles Four days of intensive air strikes after weapons inspectors allege Iraqi obstructions.
    YUGOSLAVIA 1999 Bombing, Missiles Heavy NATO air strikes after Serbia declines to withdraw from Kosovo. NATO occupation of Kosovo.
    YEMEN 2000 Naval USS Cole, docked in Aden, bombed.
    MACEDONIA 2001 Troops NATO forces deployed to move and disarm Albanian rebels.
    UNITED STATES 2001 Jets, naval Reaction to hijacker attacks on New York, DC
    AFGHANISTAN 2001-? Troops, bombing, missiles Massive U.S. mobilization to overthrow Taliban, hunt Al Qaeda fighters, install Karzai regime, and battle Taliban insurgency. More than 30,000 U.S. troops and numerous private security contractors carry our occupation.
    YEMEN 2002 Missiles Predator drone missile attack on Al Qaeda, including a US citizen.
    PHILIPPINES 2002-? Troops, naval Training mission for Philippine military fighting Abu Sayyaf rebels evolves into combat missions in Sulu Archipelago, west of Mindanao.
    COLOMBIA 2003-? Troops US special forces sent to rebel zone to back up Colombian military protecting oil pipeline.
    IRAQ 2003-11 Troops, naval, bombing, missiles Saddam regime toppled in Baghdad. More than 250,000 U.S. personnel participate in invasion. US and UK forces occupy country and battle Sunni and Shi’ite insurgencies. More than 160,000 troops and numerous private contractors carry out occupation and build large permanent bases.
    LIBERIA 2003 Troops Brief involvement in peacekeeping force as rebels drove out leader.
    HAITI 2004-05 Troops, naval Marines & Army land after right-wing rebels oust elected President Aristide, who was advised to leave by Washington.
    PAKISTAN 2005-? Missiles, bombing, covert operation CIA missile and air strikes and Special Forces raids on alleged Al Qaeda and Taliban refuge villages kill multiple civilians. Drone attacks also on Pakistani Mehsud network.
    SOMALIA 2006-? Missiles, naval, troops, command operation Special Forces advise Ethiopian invasion that topples Islamist government; AC-130 strikes, Cruise missile attacks and helicopter raids against Islamist rebels; naval blockade against “pirates” and insurgents.
    SYRIA 2008 Troops Special Forces in helicopter raid 5 miles from Iraq kill 8 Syrian civilians
    YEMEN 2009-? Missiles, command operation Cruise missile attack on Al Qaeda kills 49 civilians; Yemeni military assaults on rebels
    LIBYA 2011-? Bombing, missiles, troops, command operation NATO coordinates air strikes and missile attacks against Qaddafi government during uprising by rebel army. Periodic Special Forces raids against Islamist insurgents.
    IRAQ 2014-? Bombing, missiles, troops, command operation
    Air strikes and Special Forces intervene against Islamic State insurgents; training Iraqi and Kurdish troops.

    SYRIA 2014-? Bombing, missiles, troops, command operation
    Air strikes and Special Forces intervene against Islamic State insurgents; training other Syrian insurgents.”

  26. Apneaman on Tue, 29th Mar 2016 3:05 pm 

    Davy, give us the Canadian version of this.

    School Of The Americas: Training Torturers & Secret Police For US-Backed Dictators Since 1946
    Over 64,000 soldiers have been trained to oppress, smash dissent, and maintain American imperial order since the “school” first opened.

    “FORT BENNING, Georgia — For the past 69 years, many of the most notorious U.S.-backed South American dictators, along with their secret police and torturers, have learned their dark arts from a secretive American training facility.”

    We’re waiting.

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