Register

Peak Oil is You


Donate Bitcoins ;-) or Paypal :-)


Page added on September 10, 2019

Bookmark and Share

Renat Muslimov: “Oil, in fact, is endless. It is a renewable energy source”

Renat Muslimov: “Oil, in fact, is endless. It is a renewable energy source” thumbnail

“Oil, in fact, is endless. It is a renewable energy source,” says Adviser to the Tatarstan President on issues of the exploration of oil and gas fields Renat Muslimov, who commented on the results of the Tatarstan Petrochemical Forum to Realnoe Vremya. However, the expert warns against excessive optimism: the industry needs new technologies, and the shale extraction needs tax incentives. With the existing system of oil production in difficult areas — it is only going to become more expensive.

“Suffocation by taxation” and the production on depleted fields

At the Oil, Gas. Petrochemistry International Exhibition held last week in Kazan, they discussed a lot the shortcomings of the existing tax regime, the lack of sufficient benefits for the oil and gas industry, the problem of preserving production in the late depleted fields. For example, President of the Union of Oil and Gas Producers of Russia Gennady Shmal criticized the existing tax regime, calling it nothing but “suffocation by taxation”.

According to him, today the increase in the tax burden on the oil and gas sector, including an increase in the rate of mining and export duties, has led to that the entire tax structure with high world prices has become “unfair” for many companies. This is especially true for small and medium-sized oil companies. According to Director General of the State Commission on Mineral Resources Igor Shpurov, the level of penetration into the industry of the tertiary recovery methods still remains low and needs state support.

According to Director General of the State Commission on Mineral Resources Igor Shpurov, the level of penetration into the industry of the tertiary recovery methods still remains low and needs state support. Photo: angi.ru

Why the recognition of oil renewability is unprofitable for oil companies and states

Renat Muslimov, the Adviser to the President of Tatarstan on development of oil and gas exploration, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, considers the current tax system optimal and the extraction on the late depleted deposits not a problem.

“The tax benefits are ok, the fields are working, including strongly depleted ones. The oil production is growing. Oil is endless, really. It’s a renewable energy source,” he told Realnoe Vremya.

Today, oil is still classified as a non-renewable resource: as of the end of 2017, the total reserves of world oil are 1706,8 billion barrels. Why don’t they tell about the sustainability of the resource? As Muslimov noted, today no one officially recognizes the fact of oil renewability — because if it is recognized, oil prices will begin to decline.

“It is unprofitable for both oil companies and oil-producing states. It is also unprofitable for those who buy — because it brings an element of instability. That is, it is disadvantageous to everyone. For us, the fact of the renewability of oil is very clear, this is just about the technologies: somewhere it is complex geological conditions, more expensive mining and oil, somewhere you have to invest more, somewhere — less. But in the end, we can say that the depletion of resources threatens neither the world nor Russia!” Renat Muslimov explained.

Today, oil is still classified as a non-renewable resource: as of the end of 2017, the total reserves of world oil are 1706,8 billion barrels. Photo: neftegaz.ru

How can oil production be continued if all reserves have been extracted?

Renat Muslimov has repeatedly written about the constant recharge of oil fields from the bowels of the earth, noting, in particular, the significant efficiency of search for oil by studying the rocks of the crystalline basement (located at depths from 0 to 15 km). The latter is overlaid by sedimentary rocks, in which there are known oil fields.

Scientists from Tatarstan have suggested that the crystalline basement plays a crucial role in the recharge of oil fields of sedimentary cover with new resources due to the inflow of hydrocarbons through hidden cracks and ruptures from the depths. There are a lot of indications of oil inflow from the depths. In particular, there are a number of deposits in Tatarstan, where all reserves have already been extracted but the oil production continues.

The point of view on the genesis of hydrocarbons divided the defenders and opponents of the renewable oil theory. According to one version, the process of formation of hydrocarbon accumulations, including oil, is very long and takes millions of years, so rapid replenishment of reserves is impossible. Hence the inevitable recognition of the exhaustibility of resources, as mentioned, for example, in 2004 in a message to the president by the former minister of geology of the USSR, Yevgeny Kozlovsky: “Especially difficult is the situation in the oil industry: more than 70 per cent of the reserves of oil companies is being on the verge of unprofitability. The oil reserves of highly productive fields giving 60 per cent of the production have been depleted by more than 50 per cent; the proportion of tight oil (55-60 per cent) continues to increase.”

Yevgeny Kozlovsky: “The situation in the oil industry is particularly difficult: more than 70 per cent of oil companies’ reserves is being on the verge of unprofitability. The oil reserves of highly productive fields giving 60 per cent of the production have been depleted by more than 50 per cent; the proportion of tight oil (55-60 per cent) continues to increase.” Photo: wikipedia.org

According to another point of view, in the zones of natural catalysts (located under each major oil and gas field) at a depth of 3-15 km, oil formation can occur at temperatures below 400 degrees. According to this theory, it is possible to explain the appearance of oil where, according to all calculations of the first theory, it should no longer exist: on the island of Haiti after the earthquake of 2010, in Tatarstan or Chechnya. MSU scientists also spoke about the renewable nature of oil resources back in 1993, stating that “oil and gas are renewable natural resources, and their development should be based on a scientifically based balance of hydrocarbon generation volumes and extraction opportunities in the course of field exploitation.”

The theory of renewability of oil and gas resources has been supported this year by Vladimir Polevanov, the chief geologist at Rosgeolekspertiza FSI, Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, who said that it was important to focus the scientific community on the recognition of the phenomenon of continuous recovery of oil and gas fields and, as a result, the facts of inexhaustibility and indestructibility of hydrocarbons.

Current benefits will not be enough for shale development, oil prices are going to rise

Despite the renewability of oil resources, Renat Muslimov warns against excessive optimism:

“Of course, this does not mean that the oil we have is in abundance and everything will be easy. Every year it becomes more difficult to extract, reserves become less accessible and, therefore, more expensive. We just need to look for the best technology. But I absolutely do not see any catastrophic situation in this.”

“There are enough tax benefits today. But it will be different when we develop tight reservoirs, shale. Then we have to give benefits to these conditions. But with today’s taxation, it is unprofitable to develop and operate them,” Muslimov notes. Photo: oilcapital.ru

New technologies, as noted at the last forum, are needed rather by oil companies with hard-to-recover reserves, which do not have super reserves, as Rosneft or Gazpromneft does. Should we support with tax benefits, for example, Tatneft, which is forced to develop these technologies? No, the academician believes. So far.

“Tax benefits are enough for today. But it will be different when we [Tatarstan] develop tight reservoirs, shale. Then we have to give benefits to these conditions. But with today’s taxation, it is unprofitable to develop and operate them,” Muslimov says.

In his opinion, at the present time and with the present technologies in the case of more complex — and more expensive — oil production, its prices will only grow.

By Sergey Afanasyev


52 Comments on "Renat Muslimov: “Oil, in fact, is endless. It is a renewable energy source”"

  1. Cloggie on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 12:29 pm 

    “Oil is endless, really. It’s a renewable energy source,” he told Realnoe Vremya”

    Typical opinion from the Russian culture circle.

    Abiotic oil.

    Even the only real oil expert who frequented this board, rockman, adhered to that theory (and so do I, not that that matters).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abiogenic_petroleum_origin

  2. Outcast_Searcher on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 12:57 pm 

    The usual conflation of the fact that as technology improves, more resources become extractable at a profit, and the idea of abiotic oil.

    Nothing to see here, as expected.

  3. Cloggie on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 1:10 pm 

    20:00 pm Dutch News: Netherlands to accelerate phasing out natural gas exploration completely from 2030 back to 2022.

    Replacement from extra import from Russia and others, increase speed of transition.

  4. Cloggie on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 1:27 pm 

    New EU commissioner von der Leyen presented her team today and her program “Green Deal”:

    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2019/09/10/european-green-deal-portfolio-handed-eu-vice-president-major-elevation/

    At the heart of it is our commitment to become the world’s first climate neutral continent,” she said of Timmermans’ role. “Those who act first and fastest will be the ones who grab the opportunities of the ecological transition“

  5. Sys1 on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 3:00 pm 

    With oil stucked at 60$ or so for a decade while production is now around 100mbpd, I’m starting to believe the guy.

  6. I AM THE MOB on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 3:33 pm 

    European council on Foreign Relations dropping subtle suggestions.

    Poll: Whose side should your country take in a conflict between the United States and Russia?
    https://i.redd.it/ju3fdbss4sl31.jpg

    All we need is a false flag and then its game over for Vlad the bad!

    LOL

  7. Southwest_PA on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 3:47 pm 

    Even if oil were abiotic in origin, and formed deep within the Earth, it would still be neither “endless” nor “renewable”. None of these Russian theorists have suggested a mechanism by which atmospheric CO2 is converted back into hydrocarbon fuels deep within the Earth. THAT would be a breakthrough.

  8. makati1 on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 5:41 pm 

    It isn’t just psychotic Russians that make that claim.

    “Fossils From Animals And Plants Are Not Necessary For Crude Oil And Natural Gas, Swedish Researchers Find”

    http://www.viewzone.com/abioticoilx.html

    “If there are in fact vast untapped deep pools of hydrocarbons refilling the reservoirs that oil producers drill into, it appears to make little difference to actual production, as tens of thousands of oil and gas fields around the world are observed to deplete, and refilling (which is indeed very rarely observed) is not occurring at a commercially significant scale or rate except in one minor and controversial instance discussed below.”

    https://richardheinberg.com/richard-heinberg-on-abiotic-oil

    Desire does not make it so…

  9. Darrell Cloud on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 6:30 pm 

    I guess it is time to go back to the teapot dome and start pumping again.

  10. Nostradamus on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 6:40 pm 

    I can’t wait until shale oil peaks.

  11. juan paultard madness on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 6:55 pm 

    deport the lunatic

    Nostradamus said I can’t wait until shale oil peaks.
    Davy (official) said Me loves my socks and cocks (ebony & clover, o..
    Davy Sock said juan paultard

  12. Davy Sock Puppet on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 6:58 pm 

    juan paultard

  13. not hard to flush out the lunatic on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:00 pm 

    Davy Sock Puppet on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 6:58 pm juan paultard

    juan paultard is so obvious

  14. JuanPaultard madness on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:01 pm 

    but he is one of those turds that just won’t flush down the stool

  15. Davy Sock Puppet on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:02 pm 

    the lunatic

  16. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:18 pm 

    Devastating sad news imam supertard (the colonel) pbuh is out. Even for someone who I educated about muzzies is still a big muzzie lover. He refused to mention the big a for amputation of all muzzies starting with all muzzie imams pbuh. If you dont understand muzzie because love for muzzies causes faulty rationality you are fired
    Im a muzzie I “reverted”

  17. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:30 pm 

    You can’t speak or write much without the letter a
    He was a careerist when he was supposed to push the hardest for amputation of all muzzie imams. The rest belong to another adviser in 2020 term
    Q OUT

  18. lunatic juanpaultard on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:30 pm 

    supremacist muzzie monkey said Devastating sad news imam supertard (the colonel)…

    check into Douglas Gardens juan paultard

  19. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:32 pm 

    I hardly spend a microsecond this moderate forum.
    Too many muzzie lovers
    I start my blog
    Green goat out.

  20. deport the sud murican bastard on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:37 pm 

    supremacist muzzie monkey said I hardly spend a microsecond this moderate forum….
    lunatic juanpaultard said supremacist muzzie monkey said Devastating sad new…
    supremacist muzzie monkey said You can’t speak or write much without the le…
    supremacist muzzie monkey said Devastating sad news imam supertard (the colonel)…

  21. juan paultard madness on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 7:39 pm 

    juanpautard belongs in his failed sud murica. They need more failure. please juanpaultard be with your failed proto-people

  22. juan paultard is a davy sock on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 8:06 pm 

    “juanpaultard be with your failed proto-people”

    You’re a racist dirtbag Davy, and a liar, and a hypocrite.

  23. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 8:39 pm 

    When the love for muzzies greater love for america the world know peace
    Moscow green

  24. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 8:57 pm 

    Bad news for imams supertard fitzgerald and harrod pbuh
    Take over of jihadwatch postponed indefinitely big muzzie beard is inexhaustible partly to dispel rumour of his death after poisoning by muzzie at direction of imam fathertard francis
    For saying Vatican 2 was wrong and allah not same as (((supremetard)))

  25. supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 9:00 pm 

    Amputation of all hand feets for muzzie imams is humane sharia is cruel only opposite sides

  26. More Davy Sock Puppeering on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 10:47 pm 

    supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 8:39 pm

    supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 8:57 pm

    supremacist muzzie monkey on Tue, 10th Sep 2019 9:00 pm

  27. Cloggie on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 2:59 am 

    E-Volkswagen breakthrough coming Q3-2020, like Beetle and Golf:

    ID3

    https://m.spiegel.de/auto/aktuell/iaa-2019-volkswagen-enthuellt-das-elektroauto-vw-id3-a-1285605.html

    Price below 30k
    Range: 420 km
    Battery: 58 kWh

    Price seems high but is compensated by merely15 euro/400 km rather than 40 euro (in Europe!).

    Battery is guaranteed for 8 years or 160,000 km, which is good.

    It’s coming!

  28. anon on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 3:17 am 

    Yup, it is a fact, there is a literal ocean of high-quality hydrocarbon fuels right on the surface of Titan. There for the taking. Not even any taxes to pay out there!

  29. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 9:14 am 

    Can default be far behind?
    This Republican President wants to devalue USD.

    President Donald Trump lambasted the independent Federal Reserve early Wednesday, saying interest rates should be zero or negative and that the US should refinance its more than $22 trillion in debt.
    “The Federal Reserve should get our interest rates down to ZERO, or less, and we should then start to refinance our debt,” the president wrote on Twitter. “INTEREST COST COULD BE BROUGHT WAY DOWN, while at the same time substantially lengthening the term. We have the great currency, power, and balance sheet.”

  30. Duncan Idaho on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 9:32 am 

    “The Federal Reserve should get our interest rates down to ZERO, or less, and we should then start to refinance our debt,”
    The Fat Boy has been bankrupt 6 times:
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2016/live-updates/general-election/real-time-fact-checking-and-analysis-of-the-first-presidential-debate/fact-check-has-trump-declared-bankruptcy-four-or-six-times/?noredirect=on

  31. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 9:39 am 

    EIA
    Summary of Weekly Petroleum Data for the week ending September 6, 2019

    U.S. crude oil refinery inputs averaged 17.5 million barrels per day during the week ending September 6, 2019, which was 114,000 barrels per day more than the previous week’s average. Refineries operated at 95.1% of their operable capacity last week. Gasoline production increased last week, averaging 10.4 million barrels per day. Distillate fuel production increased last week, averaging 5.3 million barrels per day.

    U.S. crude oil imports averaged 6.7 million barrels per day last week, down by 180,000 barrels per day from the previous week. Over the past four weeks, crude oil imports averaged about 6.7 million barrels per day, 11.7% less than the same four-week period last year. Total motor gasoline imports (including both finished gasoline and gasoline blending components) last week averaged 797,000 barrels per day, and distillate fuel imports averaged 44,000 barrels per day.

    U.S. commercial crude oil inventories (excluding those in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve) decreased by 6.9 million barrels from the previous week. At 416.1 million barrels, U.S. crude oil inventories are about 2% below the five year average for this time of year. Total motor gasoline inventories decreased by 0.7 million barrels last week and are about 3% above the five year average for this time of year. Finished gasoline inventories increased while blending components inventories decreased last week. Distillate fuel inventories increased by 2.7 million barrels last week and are about 6% below the five year average for this time of year. Propane/propylene inventories increased by 0.7 million barrels last week and are about 14% above the five year average for this time of year. Total commercial petroleum inventories decreased last week by 3.1 million barrels last week.

    Total products supplied over the last four-week period averaged 21.6 million barrels per day, up by 0.4% from the same period last year. Over the past four weeks, motor gasoline product supplied averaged 9.7 million barrels per day, up by 0.2% from the same period last year. Distillate fuel product supplied averaged 3.9 million barrels per day over the past four weeks, down by 2.1% from the same period last year. Jet fuel product supplied was down 0.8% compared with the same four-week period last year.

  32. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 9:47 am 

    Duncan Idaho,
    AS long as the GOP, Putin, think of Trump as their own ‘useful idiot’ we are in great trouble.

    Trump needs to be impeached or retired to a golfing funny farm.

  33. Duncan Idaho on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 10:28 am 

    Robert–
    It is probably in the rear view mirror.
    We have not been in a mass extinction for 65 million years.
    We are now.

  34. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 10:50 am 

    In 2020 merchant ship will be required to burn cleaner fuels, ie: #2 diesel.
    ” from 5 Metric Tons per day (for small ships or barges) to about 300 Metric Tons per day (For large fast container ships)”
    “pril 23, 2009 The Guardian has reported on new research showing that in one year, a single large container ship can emit cancer and asthma-causing pollutants equivalent to that of 50 million cars. The low grade bunker fuel used by the worlds 90,000 cargo ships contains up to 2,000 times the amount of sulfur compared to diesel fuel used in automobiles. The recent boom in the global trade of manufactured goods has also resulted in a new breed of super sized container ship which consume fuel not by the gallons, but by tons per hour, and shipping now accounts for 90% of global trade by volume”.

    IOW’s the crappy ‘waste fuel’ burned today is deadly.

    Beginning Jan. 1, 2020 “cleaner” #2 diesel will be required.

    https://theicct.org/blogs/staff/end-era-heavy-fuel-oil-maritime-shipping

  35. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 11:01 am 

    So, beginning 2020 25% of the oil used today will
    be refined into light diesel for transport.

    Refineries are already beginning to stockpile #2 diesel.

    Two things are going to happen.
    1) higher oil prices, for sure.
    2) Soon AUTOMATED Ships will simply run far slower, saving expensive fuel.
    Upside;
    Air quality around the world will improve.
    Carbon emissions will begin to fall almost at once.

  36. Luis Alves on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 12:44 pm 

    NO APOCALYPSE, ONLY CRUDE OIL EUTHANASIA !

  37. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 12:52 pm 

    HUMBERTO ?

    Carlie Wells

    A tropical disturbance heading for Florida and the Gulf of Mexico has a 60% chance of developing into at least a tropical depression, hurricane forecasters said Wednesday morning.

    If the system strengthens to a tropical storm, it will be named Humberto.

    The National Weather Service in New Orleans said the system could bring higher tides and heavy rainfall to portions of southeast Louisiana and coastal Mississippi on Sunday and Monday. It’s too early to tell if or how it could impact New Orleans.

  38. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 1:03 pm 

    Climate Change disasters are with us forEVER.
    We must put in place laws, rules, to govern migration.

    Billions, homeless will be on the move in coming years.

    By taking a strong stand against the FACT of climate change, Republicans have consigned the GOP to history.

  39. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 3:04 pm 

    The only ‘endless energy’ are Tweets coming from the WH.

    It looks like even scientists purger themselves to back-up Trump’s lies.

    Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney instructed Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross to have the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) support President Trump’s comments on the threat of Hurricane Dorian to Alabama and contradict the National Weather Service (NWS), according to The New York Times.

    The Times, citing three unidentified sources, reported that after the directive came down from Mulvaney, Ross called acting NOAA Administrator Neil Jacobs to tell him to ensure the agency backed Trump.

    When Jacobs objected, he was told the NOAA’s political appointees would be fired if it was not carried out, according to the newspaper.

  40. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 3:18 pm 

    This is for Duncan and Louis;

    “What If We Stopped Pretending?”

    The subtitle sums up his argument: “The climate apocalypse is coming. To prepare for it, we need to admit that we can’t prevent it.”

    https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/9/11/20857956/jonathan-franzen-climate-change-new-yorker

  41. Robert Inget on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 3:23 pm 

    Instead of climate mitigation, Trump stole money from Pentagon projects to build a wall no one needs or wants.

    What’s more, Trump claims spending money now
    to defend our shores from sea-level rise is “socialist”.

  42. makati1 on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 6:22 pm 

    Trump is insane. Nothing more. Nothing less. But look at the other side of the table…

    Then again, he is perfect for 2019 Amerika! I just hope there is enough sanity in the military to prevent a world war. We shall see.

    Amerika is going down, and he is hurrying the process. He gets my vote (if I voted, which I do not). GO TRUMP!

  43. makati1 on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 6:25 pm 

    BTW: Trump is a bankruptcy expert. He has caused six so far. Is Amerika number Seven? LOL

  44. Davy on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 6:51 pm 

    “Manila confirms African swine fever, pigs culled”
    https://tinyurl.com/y6embsd7 taipei times

    “Philippine authorities suspect the swine fever cases stemmed from backyard hog raisers who feed pigs “swill,” leftover food scraps from hotels and restaurants. The agriculture department said the virus could also be traced to smuggled frozen meat and returning overseas workers who brought back infected meat products.”

    “Patients die as Manila traffic jams block ambulances”
    https://tinyurl.com/yyx432ut digital journal

    “At peak hours, the main arteries of Manila are clogged with idling cars — a 25-kilometre (16-mile) end to end drive through the main highway can take as long as three hours. Home to some 13 million, there is nearly one vehicle registered per person. The resulting gridlock costs the city $67 million daily in lost productivity, according to a 2017 Japanese government-funded study.”

  45. juan paultard IDtheft on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 6:52 pm 

    Davy on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 6:51 pm

  46. Davy Sock Puppeering on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 7:08 pm 

    juan paultard

  47. makati1 on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 7:10 pm 

    Davy, old news. And, the few pigs were in a small area, now quarantined. So?

    You should be more concerned about the diseases returning to Amerika like: Bubonic plague, leprosy, typhus, tuberculosis, hepatitis A, etc.

    https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2019/03/typhus-tuberculosis-medieval-diseases-spreading-homeless/584380/

    Yes, traffic is terrible in Manila, but is no worse than in any Amerikan city. I’ve driven in many of them and that was years ago. I am sure they have the same problem now, or worse.

    But then, many Amerikan lives are ruined in Amerikan hospitals.

    “Once upon a time, the primary mission of our hospitals was to help people, but today they have become vicious financial predators. Many Americans try very hard to avoid visiting the hospital because of what it might cost, but if an emergency happens there is no choice.”

    https://www.zerohedge.com/health/why-so-many-americans-are-deathly-afraid-going-hospital

    When you find something really positive about the US with real, not USMSM, sources, let me know. Good Luck!

  48. The Truth Shall Set You Free on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 7:13 pm 

    This DUMB article is proof enough Germany should have won the war. IF we lived in a world with three equal centers of influence with the US dominating North and South America; Germany in control of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East; Japan in control of Asia, no one country could dominate the world, which would have created a far more balanced set of affairs. Example, Global Climate Change would have been tackled decades ago.

  49. Cloggie on Wed, 11th Sep 2019 10:03 pm 

    e-Volkswagen ready for prime time:

    https://cleantechnica.com/2019/09/11/volkswagen-id-3-vs-nissan-leaf-hyundai-kona-ev-range-price-comparisons/

    The higher price of presubsidy 30k is more than offset by far lower “fuel”-price per kilometer.

    60 kWh = 15 euro = 420 km.
    My small Toyota burns 40 euro for the same distance.

  50. Robert Inget on Thu, 12th Sep 2019 2:25 pm 

    Vice News:
    Trump takes steps to ensure more Americans have access to unsafe drinking water.

    The Trump administration took steps Tuesday to eliminate an Obama-era environmental initiative that sought to protect the drinking water used by one-third of America, openly admitting it was doing so in order to benefit business.

    The Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers announced Tuesday that they’re beginning to dismantle the Clean Water Rule, aimed at safeguarding the drinking water delivered to about one in three Americans. The rule, which sought to clarify part of the Clean Water Act, created protections for an additional two million miles of streams and 20 million acres of wetlands.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *