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THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby dissident » Fri 26 Oct 2018, 12:31:24

pstarr wrote:
"Plutonium-239 emits alpha particles to become uranium-235. As an alpha emitter, plutonium-239 is not particularly dangerous as an external radiation source, but if it is ingested or breathed in as dust it is very dangerous and carcinogenic. It has been estimated that a pound (454 grams) of plutonium inhaled as plutonium oxide dust could give cancer to two million people.[6] However, ingested plutonium is by far less dangerous as only a tiny fraction is absorbed in gastrointestinal tract.[7][8] 800 mg would be unlikely to cause a major health risk as far as radiation is concerned.[6] As a heavy metal, plutonium is also toxic. See also Plutonium#Precautions."


I work with metal occasionally. I can't imagine inhaling metal dust, especially that of the heaviest metal there is. Metal dust falls down and stays down. Otherwise it is pretty harmless except as a heavy metal . . . along with many others such as chromium which is already everywhere.


Sedimentation of aerosols depends on the particle size. A metal lathe produces a coarse size spectrum of metal particles and so the lathe operator does not inhale chunks of metal. However, the lathe does produce nanoparticle aerosols which are basically immune to gravitational sedimentation and undergo Brownian diffusion and transport together with air. The depleted Uranium shells used in the Gulf War and Iraq produce a vast amount of nanoparticle aerosol consisting of raw and oxidized Uranium. So people on and near the battlefield are inhaling this invisible dust. They do not have to be at the shell impact point to be exposed.

Chernobyl and Fukushima released a wide size spectrum of Corium dust. Japan was lucky that most of this dust was transported over the Pacific Ocean. Chernobyl spewed Corium (during the initial explosion and subsequent graphite fire) over Belorus and substantial parts of Europe.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby vox_mundi » Sat 27 Oct 2018, 12:35:36

Melting Glaciers at Novaya Zemlya Contain Radiation From Nuclear Bomb Tests

A science expedition to the area has discovered “large concentrations of radioactivity” in the ice – and concludes that the glaciers are melting into the sea at record speed.

The primary goals for the Russian researchers were to study whether hundreds of containers with dumped radioactive waste in the Kara Sea were leaking or not.

Sailing the Kara Sea and the bays along the east coast of Novaya Zemlya from August 17th to September 20th, the researchers on board “Akademik Keldysh” conclude there are good reasons to continue monitoring the dumped containers, but preliminary results gives no indications of leakages. However, especially one barge that was discovered at 400 meters depth, filled with radioactive waste containers, requires special attention for the future. Underwater footages show the barge is destroyed and some containers have fallen out and are spread on the seafloor, news agency TASS reports.

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More worrying is the radiation discovered in the glaciers stretching out in the waters.

From 1957 to 1962, a total of 86 nuclear bomb tests were carried out in the atmosphere at Novaya Zemlya. The tests include the largest nuclear devices ever exploded, like the so-called 58 megatons Tsar-bomb on October 30, 1961.

It is the fallout from these tests that now are about to melt out to the sea.

... Explaining how the glaciers in the area are retreating, the researchers tell how “Akademik Keldysh” sailed to the point in Blagopoluchiye Bay where the Vershinsky glacier in 2014 ended in the sea. Today, that spot was more than 2 kilometers out from where the terminus of the glacier is now.

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Norway Updates Its Nuclear Disaster Plans

... In the north, nuclear submarines from Russia, the U.S. and United Kingdom are again playing cat-and-mouse and sail more than anytime before since the end of the Cold War.

A new evaluation from the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority underscores the seriousness of situation.

"There is an increased likelihood for nuclear and radiological material being used in malicious acts," the report reads and continues by listing other serious trouble-factors that could have consequences for Norway: Terror attacks on nuclear facilities, increase in naval nuclear-powered vessels sailing in the high north, transport of nuclear cargo along the coast, startup of Russia’s floating nuclear power plant, handling of nuclear waste and accidents at an ageing numbers of nuclear power plants around the world.

Warheads represents the most scary reading in the new report from the Norwegian nuclear watchdog. «Norwegian authorities are again considering the use of nuclear weapons against Norway or close to Norway as a not unthinkable scenario

The Barents Observer has previously published a review of where Russia likely is storing nuclear warheads on the Kola Peninsula.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby KaiserJeep » Sat 27 Oct 2018, 13:05:36

For those of you who have never seen it, I reccomend that you watch this video. It is a time lapse map of every nuclear bomb exploded from 1945 to 1998, with a running total of the detonations by country.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLCF7vPanrY

There were over 2000, and over half of those were from one country, the USA. It is a sobering thing to view.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby vox_mundi » Sat 27 Oct 2018, 13:11:45

John Baenen was Exposed to Massive Radiation at a Nuclear Bomb Test Site. 40 Years Later, a Medal

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You’d almost think at this stage John Baenen would just tell them to stick it.

Forty years of nobody listening, or people in high places pretending not to listen because they didn’t want to hear, and all the while, his friends were dying and Baenen felt his own health slipping away.

And so now they want to give him a medal, to pin a medal on the chest of a 60-year-old man with the fragile bones of a 96-year-old, a man who as a U.S. Army soldier risked his life not on the battlefield but on cleanup detail — cleaning up the largest nuclear bomb test site the world had ever seen.

Rep. Mike Gallagher, R-Green Bay, will present the medal to Baenen on Saturday, in a ceremony at the Green Bay Yacht Club — the Humanitarian Medal, for soldiers, sailors and airmen who risked their lives not on the battlefield but through humanitarian efforts to help others.

Baenen spent six months in the Marshall Islands back in the late 1970s, part of a four-year mission the U.S. undertook as a humanitarian gesture after poisoning the islands with 10 years of nuclear weapons testing.

Baenen didn’t volunteer for the job. He made the mistake of having expertise in mobile power generators, and the military needed that expertise to run a power plant for the 500 other men who were part of the cleanup detail.
... “The first thing they were supposed to do when we got on the main island was give us a safety briefing,” ... “I remember some kind of briefing, but the only thing I remember is ‘watch out for sharks.’

We were supposed to be in yellow suits, and they said so, but it was 132-degree daytime temperatures and guys were falling over,” Baenen said. “You don’t get the job done with people dropping over, so everybody wore jungle fatigues cut off into shorts, T-shirts, combat boots, sunglasses and maybe boonie hats — that was basically our safety equipment.

Crews spent days blasting channels, digging pits for nuclear deposits, stripping islands of topsoil and otherwise raising a poisonous dust that more than 4,000 people were exposed to in the four-year mission.

They had defective radiation-measuring equipment, they were washing their clothes in water that was estimated to be more than 30 times more contaminated than the crater in which they were dumping contaminated dredgings, Baenen said.
... Upon discharge, individual soldiers, sailors and airmen who worked on the project were given radiation testing showing them at relatively low levels.

Other documents that until recently were kept classified showed levels were in fact much higher, with one man showing levels more than 30,000 times the level recorded, Baenen said
.
“He should have been sent home immediately, but he’s dead now anyway,” Baenen said.

I have a friend in Maine that’s on his fifth bout of cancer — four different kinds, each due to radiation, but the VA denies it.”

... In the end, the islands are still contaminated, he said. ... “There are 47 countries that have done research there since we left, and all 47 of them want us to go back and clean it up and seal it off,” Baenen said.

... “This medal proves they sent me in harm’s way,” he said. “ … Getting this medal is just to prove to everybody, ‘yeah, I was in such a place, and you all thought I was crazy.’

Maybe they'll give a medal to the last Gulf War Vet from Fallujah. Shouldn't have to wait too long. Depleted Uranium is funny like that.

Toxic Legacy of US Assault on Fallujah 'Worse than Hiroshima'

Dramatic increases in infant mortality, cancer and leukaemia in the Iraqi city of Fallujah, which was bombarded by US Marines in 2004, exceed those reported by survivors of the atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, according to a new study.

In 2013, Al Jazeera quoted Sharif al-Alwachi of the Babil Cancer Centre in southern Iraq, who attributed escalating cancer rates since 2003 on the US military’s use of depleted uranium (DU) weapons. Al Jazeera also threw in the following uplifting note: "The remaining traces of DU in Iraq represent a formidable long-term environmental hazard, as they will remain radioactive for more than 4.5 billion years."

Indeed, DU constitutes a can of worms unto itself. A 2016 Washington Spectator essay titled "Irradiated Iraq," by Washington, DC-based investigative journalist Barbara Koeppel, remarks on the convenient US classification of its own uranium weapons as "conventional" when in fact "they are radioactive and chemically toxic".


US Fired Depleted Uranium at Civilian Areas in 2003 Iraq War, Report Finds

US forces fired depleted uranium (DU) weapons at civilian areas and troops in Iraq in breach of official advice meant to prevent unnecessary suffering in conflicts, a report has found.

According to PAX's report, which is due to be published this week, the military coordinate data shows that many of the DU rounds were fired in or near populated areas of Iraq, including As Samawah, Nasiriyah and Basrah.

This conflicts with legal advice from the US Air Force in 1975 suggesting that DU weapons should only be used against hard targets like tanks and armoured vehicles, the report says. This advice, designed to comply with international law by minimising deaths and injuries to urban populations and troops, was largely ignored by US forces, it argues.

A six-page memo by Major James Miles and Will Carroll from the international law division of USAF's Office of the Judge Advocate General concluded in March 1975 that DU weapons were legal. But it recommended imposing restrictions on how they were used.

"Use of this munition solely against personnel is prohibited if alternative weapons are available," the memo stated. This was for legal reasons "related to the prohibitions against unnecessary suffering and poison".

More than 300,000 DU rounds are estimated to have been fired during the 2003 Iraq war, the vast majority by US forces. A small fraction were from UK tanks, the coordinates for which were provided to the UN Environment Programme. A further 782,414 DU rounds are believed to have been fired during the earlier conflict in 1991, mostly by US forces.


The United States Used Depleted Uranium in Syria

The airstrikes on oil trucks in Islamic State-controlled areas employed the toxic material, which has been accused of causing cancer and birth defects.

U.S. Central Command (Centcom) spokesman Maj. Josh Jacques told Foreign Policy that 5,265 armor-piercing 30 mm rounds containing depleted uranium (DU) were shot from Air Force A-10 fixed-wing aircraft on Nov. 16 and Nov. 22, 2015, destroying about 350 vehicles* in the country’s eastern desert.

In March 2015, coalition spokesman John Moore said, “U.S. and coalition aircraft have not been and will not be using depleted uranium munitions in Iraq or Syria during Operation Inherent Resolve.” Later that month, a Pentagon representative reported that A-10s deployed in the region would not have access to armor-piercing ammunition containing DU because the Islamic State didn’t possess the tanks it is designed to penetrate.


How the World Health Organisation covered up Iraq's nuclear nightmare

Ex-UN, WHO officials reveal political interference to suppress scientific evidence of postwar environmental health catastrophe

Image


Just don't send it to Utah ...

Utah Denies EnergySolutions from Accepting Depleted Uranium

State regulators denied a Salt Lake City-based nuclear waste processing company an exemption to bury thousands of tons of depleted uranium munitions at its site.

The Utah Waste Management and Radiation Control Board on Thursday voted unanimously to reject the military ordnance after EnergySolutions had petitioned the Department of Environmental Quality for an exemption to Utah's provisional prohibition on burying the radioactive munitions.

Agency staff and outside consultants concluded metallic depleted uranium is more hazardous and unstable than the processing company had characterized in its presentations.

Stephen Marschke, a nuclear engineer with SC&A Consulting, told the board that the company has failed to demonstrate that the "exemption will not result in undue hazard to public health and safety or result in undue hazard to the environment." (... but nothing is too good for our troops)

EnergySolutions wanted regulatory approval to avoid a lengthy performance assessment so it could competitively bid on a U.S. Department of Defense contract for the munitions disposal.

The 5,000 cubic yards (about 3,800 cubic meters) of 30 mm bullets are at Tooele Army Depot and a military installation in Indiana.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby vox_mundi » Thu 01 Nov 2018, 12:14:20

Another type of radiation ...

High Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation Associated With Cancer in Male Rats

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) concluded there is clear evidence that male rats exposed to high levels of radio frequency radiation (RFR) like that used in 2G and 3G cell phones developed cancerous heart tumors, according to final reports released today. There was also some evidence of tumors in the brain and adrenal gland of exposed male rats.
... "We believe that the link between radio frequency radiation and tumors in male rats is real, and the external experts agreed"

The $30 million NTP studies took more than 10 years to complete and are the most comprehensive assessment, to date, of health effects in animals exposed to RFR with modulations used in 2G and 3G cell phones. 2G and 3G networks were standard when the studies were designed and are still used for phone calls and texting.

Image

These studies did not investigate the types of RFR used for Wi-Fi or 5G networks.

ImageImage

Give them another 10 years and maybe they will know.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby KaiserJeep » Thu 01 Nov 2018, 15:25:26

I'm gonna take one more brief effort to explain what Tanada and myself have been attempting to explain for years. Then I will give what I believe is the reason we have pretty much failed.

1) 2000+ nuclear weapons - and two reactor accidents named Chernobyl and Fukushima Dai-Ichi - did in fact release radiation into the Earth's biosphere. The obsolete, entirely discredited and inaccurate model called the LNT model (Linear No Threshold) of radiation exposure predicts thousands, tens of thousands, even hundreds of thousands of both deaths and survivable cancers as a result. The LNT model was created following hundreds of deaths due to radiation exposure during early R&D, affecting everybody from Madame Curie and her husband to the Middle/Lower Class employees of the Radium Dial Company of Ottowa, Ill. This company supplied radium dials for the Westclox company in Peru, Illinois. This is currently a Superfund cleanup site, safe to visit, but don't go building a house there, any more than you would build in an A-bomb crater in Utah.

I used to sleep under such a clock face, it looked like this:
Image
...and after a couple of hours of moonless night, I could dimly see objects in my room illuminated by nothing but the clock dial.

Like I said, hundreds of deaths were caused by Radium paints and the like, all workers manufacturing such products. Then there was a brief period when (really really bright) watches were filled with radioactive Tritium (the radioactive isotope of hydrogen, of H-bomb fame) for similar reasons. To my knowledge, no increased cancer deaths were ever found in the consumers of such radioactive products.

2) Because of the total lack of supporting statistical evidence of the LNT radiation exposure model, that model has been replaced. The new model is called the "Radiation Hormesis" model, and the basic idea is that radiation exposure up to and including anything below a certain thresold is harmless, your tissues repair themselves with little or no additional cancer risk.

There ARE groups in which additional cancers can be measured when they are exposed to radiation. These people who have damaged immune systems due to sickness, radiation exposure above the threshold (i.e. cancer therapies involving radiation) and (by far the most common) exposure to carcinogenic chemicals are vulnerable to cancers induced by radiation.

There are also groups which routinely get exposed to radiation levels far in excess of the limits calculated via the LNT model, and do not experience excess cancer deaths as a result. Airline pilots and air crews are among these people - and represent a group far healthier on average than typical members of the public.

To be perfectly frank, most of us do not possess either the data nor math knowledge to assess such risks. Most of us are better off following the advice of a doctor we trust. Believe me, the medical profession understands risk and (generally speaking) is the best prepared to advise laymen on treatment alternatives. If you ALREADY have cancer, take their advice even if they want to radiate you. I know lots of people irradiated with focussed radiation and implanted beads, for example.

One last point. Even though the Radiation Hormesis model is generally accepted in this day and time, there exist plenty of laws and regulations based on the older LNT model. They are also still making Godzilla movies.

Enough said.
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Re: THE Radiation / Radioactive Thread Pt. 2

Unread postby vox_mundi » Wed 07 Nov 2018, 18:55:32

Drop Acid, Not Bombs: Security Troops Guarding U.S. Nuclear Missile Base Busted for Running LSD Ring

WASHINGTON — One airman said he felt paranoia. Another marveled at the vibrant colors. A third admitted, "I absolutely just loved altering my mind."

Meet service members entrusted with guarding nuclear missiles that are among the most powerful in America's arsenal. Air Force records obtained by The Associated Press show they bought, distributed and used the hallucinogen LSD and other mind-altering illegal drugs as part of a ring that operated undetected for months on a highly secure military base in Wyoming. After investigators closed in, one airman deserted to Mexico.


Documents obtained by the AP over the past two years through the Freedom of Information Act tell a sordid tale of off-duty use of LSD, cocaine and other drugs in 2015 and 2016 by airmen who were supposed to be held to strict behavioral standards because of their role in securing the weapons.
... Airman Basic Kyle S. Morrison acknowledged at his court martial that under the influence of LSD he could not have responded if recalled to duty in a nuclear security emergency.

"Minutes felt like hours, colors seemed more vibrant and clear," Morrison testified. "In general, I felt more alive." He said he had used LSD in high school, which could have disqualified him from Air Force service; he said that his recruiter told him he should lie about it and that lying about prior drug use was "normal" in the Air Force.

The service members accused of involvement in the LSD ring were from the 90th Missile Wing, which operates one-third of the 400 Minuteman 3 missiles that stand "on alert" 24/7 in underground silos scattered across the northern Great Plains.

Image
Purple haze all in my brain
Lately things don't seem the same
Actin' funny, but I don't know why
'Scuse me while I kiss the sky ...

Navy Sailors Who Operated Nuclear Reactor Busted for Allegedly Using and Selling LSD

A probe of U.S. Navy sailors accused of distributing and using LSD is expanding. At least two men who worked in the nuclear reactor department on the USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier are reportedly facing a court-martial, and at least 12 others are said to be under investigation over the psychedelic drug.

... On Tuesday, the Navy Times reported that the probe is larger than previously understood. A Navy spokesman confirmed to the Times that 10 other sailors in the nuclear reactor department “were administratively disciplined on LSD-related charges.” The spokesperson also said the men’s previous work with nuclear fucking reactors has been reviewed and “no improper work was identified.

... Why is there a boom in psychonauts with such close proximity to total destruction? We do not know.

Image

Crank it up to 11 ...
All Along the Watchtower

There must be some kind of way outta here
Said the joker to the thief
There's too much confusion
I can't get no relief

Business men, they drink my wine
Plowman dig my earth
None were level on the mind
Nobody up at his word
Hey, hey

No reason to get excited
The thief he kindly spoke
There are many here among us
Who feel that life is but a joke
But, uh, but you and I, we've been through that
And this is not our fate
So let us stop talkin' falsely now
The hour's getting late, hey

All along the watchtower
Princes kept the view
While all the women came and went
Barefoot servants, too
Outside in the cold distance
A wildcat did growl
Two riders were approaching
And the wind began to howl

Tripping Through the Cold War: Drug Warfare in the Retrofuture

...Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline (peyote), and psilocybin (psychedelic mushrooms) were all seen as possible contenders for non-lethal weapons of the future; sprayed on an unsuspecting army or civilian population and making them vulnerable to invasion.

An Associated Press story from the September 6, 1959 Cedar Rapids Gazette in Iowa warned that the nuclear stalemate with the Soviet Union might prompt the Russians to develop chemicals that could be used against the United States. Americans scientists were said to have developed their own weapons to counter-attack:
Working in deep secrecy, U.S. scientists almost overnight have developed an arsenal of fantastic new weapons, variously known as psycho-chemicals and “madness” gases, which could virtually paralyze an enemy nation without firing a shot.

... New nerve drugs may be used to immobilize whole cities or battle areas in tomorrow’s warfare. The Chemical Corps knows about a complete arsenal of “nerve gases” that can make fighting men and embattled citizenry as happy and peaceable as kids playing tag.

Lt. Gen. Arthur Trudeau, chief of Army research and development, is worried about possible attacks with these drugs. He fears the United States might become a victim. “The Soviet has 15% of its munitions in chemicals,” he said. “I think psycho-chemicals are the coming weapon — we are missing out if we don’t capitalize on them.

The 1981 children’s book World of Tomorrow: War and Weapons by Neil Ardley also illustrated what a psycho-chemical attack might look like, with soldiers believing they’re being hunted by giant flying pterodactyl-like creatures:

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“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

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