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World’s population to hit 9.7 BILLION by 2050 as India becomes largest country

World’s population to hit 9.7 BILLION by 2050 as India becomes largest country thumbnail

The number of people on earth is set to reach almost 10 BILLION by 2050, experts have said.

The United Nations have revealed that estimates suggest the world’s population will be a staggering 9.7 billion and India will be the largest country.

According to research, in just 35 years’ time it is predicted there will be an extra 2.4 billion people thanks to high fertility rates in a number of developing countries.

The UN predicts that the figure will rise to 11.2 billion by 2100.

Between 2015 and 2050, half of the growth will be concentrated in India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Indonesia and Uganda.

India will surpass China as the country with the greatest population around 2022, and Nigeria is predicted to have more people than the United States by 2050.

The number of people living in 28 African countries is also expected to double, and by 2100 several countries will see a fivefold increase in their population.

Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Somalia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia are all expected to see their populations boom by at least a factor of five.

Children under 15 years currently make up 41% of the population in Africa, while those aged between 15 and 24 years account for a further 19%.

John Wilmoth, director of the population division in the UN’s department of economic and social affairs, said that high fertility in some of world’s poorest countries could bring problems.

“The concentration of population growth in the poorest countries presents its own set of challenges, making it more difficult to eradicate poverty and inequality, to combat hunger and malnutrition, and to expand educational enrolment and health systems, all of which are crucial to the success of the new sustainable development agenda.”

Fertility, measured by the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime, is declining across the world but the population continues to rise as rates remain high.

The report also found that the number of people aged over 60 will more than double by 2050 and more than triple by 2100.

In Europe, 34% of the population is predicted to be above 60 in the next 35 years because of the declining fertility rate and increase in longevity.

Life expectancy at birth was also shown to have increased significantly in the least developed countries – from 56 years in 2000-2005 to 62 years in 2010-2015. The rise is more than double that of the rest of the world.

Wu Hongbo, UN under-secretary-general for economic and social affairs, explained the importance of the report.

She said: “Understanding the demographic changes that are likely to unfold over the coming years, as well as the challenges and opportunities that they present for achieving sustainable development, is key to the design and implementation of the new development agenda.”

The findings, released in the United Nations’ Time for Global Action for People and Planet report, were calculated from the 2010 round of national population censuses and recent demographic and health surveys.

mirror uk

37 Comments on "World’s population to hit 9.7 BILLION by 2050 as India becomes largest country"

  1. Plantagenet on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 2:50 pm 

    I’ll be traveling in India during late August and early September. Its a very important country and a very ancient country, and I want to see it for myself.

    I’ll share any insights I glean on CO2 emissions, oil use, population growth, etc. with folks here, of course.


  2. davey thompsony on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 3:05 pm 

    Planty, I can hardly wait when are you leaving?

  3. Plantagenet on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 3:24 pm 

    I’ll keep that confidential, if you don’t mind.

    I know some folks here get most of their information about other countries from the TV, but you can really learn a lot more about peoples and their cultures by actually traveling, visiting and seeing for yourself and talking, where possible, to local people.

    The TV just doesn’t do it justice, sony.

  4. davey thompsony on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 3:29 pm 

    Hey planty “I’ll be traveling in India during late August and early September.” Thanks for being so confidential.

  5. apneaman on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 3:33 pm 

    Plant, how do you “know” some folks here watch TV and get most of their information that way? Unless someone actually tells you that is how they get most of their information, there is no way you can know that. Again you are just making shit up that bolsters your reality.

  6. Plantagenet on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 3:45 pm 


    I can tell that some people here haven’t travelled overseas extensively and really aren’t very well informed about the world by the odd things they say in their posts.

    Take you for example. You don’t understand a lot of things so when you read something you can’t comprehend you get defensive and unleash your terrible potty mouth and tell yourself that people are just “making things up” rather than thinking about what you’ve just read and making an effort to understand something beyond what you think you know.

    So…how about you? If you’e travelled in India, what did you learn?

    If you haven’t travelled in India then your opinions are largely based on TV, aren’t they?


  7. GregT on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 4:04 pm 

    If there is one person here that isn’t “well informed about the world”, that would be you Planter. Absolutely clueless.

  8. BC on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 4:21 pm 

    Along with sub-Saharan Africa, India will be among the world’s worst humanitarian crises in the coming decades.

    India imports virtually 100% of oil consumption, one-third of nat gas consumption, and 25% of coal consumption, all of which are increasing in a world in which oil exports have fallen 30% since Peak Oil in 2005.

    India has built out an urban high-tech economy without the affordable domestic and imported net energy per capita to continue to develop.

    India is 40-80 years too late to industrialization and is much more likely to experience economic and political collapse than to continue to industrialize and get anywhere near the middle-income trap where China is today and the US reached in 1930.

  9. BC on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 4:31 pm 

    BTW, Plant, I have traveled to India, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Japan, UAE, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, and Europe/UK.

    I won’t be returning to India or China.

    Enjoy the trip.

  10. apneaman on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 5:30 pm 

    Planty, I live in little India. AKA Surrey BC. It doesn’t matter where you go plant if you take your know it all arrogant American tourist attitude with you. I visited the US dozens of times before I lived there, but only really learned anything significant when I became part of a community – can’t do that passing through. They made me an honorary Redneck down in the great state of Georgia don’t ch know and taught me that not all Americans are bat shit crazy stupid…..maybe half? 3/4? In spite of the fact that some old hatreds and bad ideas still exist in the deep south, I met and worked with some of the best people ever. It’s those fuckers in Alaska I can’t stand.

  11. apneaman on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 5:43 pm 

    BC, that’s what a number of my Indian friends and neighbors have said to me.

    Russel Peters

  12. peakyeast on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 6:13 pm 

    I have also been to India – it is definitely not a place I would want to go again.

    In general:
    Extremely Overcrowded and permeated by an atmosphere of “universal” desperation.

    Of course, there is a lot of people well of, but they certainly dont make up the general picture.

  13. HARM on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 6:56 pm 


    “I won’t be returning to India or China.”

    Could you elaborate a bit please?

  14. joe on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 7:12 pm 

    Therein lies the certainty of growth and inflation, all the way to disaster. The most corrupt and unstable regimes are going to blow up as demographic time bombs. Will these countries plan ahead with sufficient taxation and pension plans to pay for retirement and education? No, the retirement plan will be to emigrate to the west overwhelming them, the education plan is to learn the words ‘political assylum’. Where are all the environmentalists on this? The damage to the planet that 11bln will do is going to be permanent.
    These people will want oil, and energy will get more expensive, easy oil will dry up, and then collapse will take down everything.

  15. HARM on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 7:21 pm 

    “In general:
    Extremely Overcrowded and permeated by an atmosphere of “universal” desperation.”

    Yes, but aside from that Mrs. Lincoln, how was the play?

  16. redpill on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 7:28 pm 

    I agree with BC, it is very hard to imagine how India is going to handle things with the population it already has, let alone a few hundred million more.

    “The World Bank predicts that India only has 20 years before its aquifers will reach “critical condition” – when demand for water will outstrip supply – an eventuality that will devastate the region’s food security, economic growth and livelihoods.”

  17. Davy on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 7:46 pm 

    If the global system goes into a likely contraction soon and remains there which is also likely I see little likelihood of more than another 500MIL in 5 years. You have to have food, fuel, and the complexity to produce and distribute them. If you don’t have that combination in an increasing amount you can’t grow population. You have to have multiple other lessor ingredients to that mix. Then you must have confidence and stability.

    These requirements are as much a product of the resource base as the dynamics of the system networks. Do you really think we are going to have an increasing resource base and the ability to produce and distribute it in increasing amounts? I don’t. We are at limits and suffering declining marginal returns on our societal efforts now with further deterioration anticipated.

    I see a combination of rebalance consumption and population in the near future. This will lead to excess deaths over births likely in 4-5 years as peak oil and food dynamics along with dysfunctional system networks leaves our ability to support ever greater populations finished. We will be heading to 500MIL – 1BIL eventually. I am thinking at most a generation and we will be there. We are on the cusp of the possibility of mass deaths if we don’t get our shit together. Many of us here on this board are not going to make it to our normal life expectancy. Time to start acknowledging this and adapting.

  18. idontknowmyself on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 8:11 pm 

    I agree with everything Dave said. Notice what is happening in Greece. Greece is now excluded of international and have to use barter.Greece will probably never recover from this.

    Once the international supply chain goes down, we wont ably to restart it. Same as Greece. There won’t be enough energy and confidence in money will probably have been destroyed during the process of collapsed.

    The way things are going now, governments around the world with their amateurish actions regarding money and the stock market are destroying confidence in money and a way to do international trade.

    I don’t we will get our shit together. Watch what is happening in Greece, it will happen to the rest of the world.

  19. BC on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 8:31 pm 

    @HARM: “Could you elaborate a bit please?”

    No offense to Indian people, certainly, but the country is quite literally an open latrine, putrid, rotten with corruption, still laboring under the ancient caste system beneath a veneer of high-tech affluence and “democracy”, and submerged by a tide of abject poverty experienced by hundreds of millions of desperate people.

    Think of a massive garbage dump surrounded by a sewer mote where desperate people must somehow survive, and in doing so still choose to reproduce themselves amidst the unspeakable squalor.

    Otherwise, it’s a nice place. 😀

  20. Plantagenet on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 8:50 pm 

    @ apie

    Ordering curry at a take-out restaurant in Surrey BC Canada does not make you an expert on India. It doesn’t even allow you to say you know anything about India.

    I suggest you save your pennies and actually travel to India. The filth, poverty, and waste of energy and human potential will amaze you. (Well, given your language the filth probably won’t amaze, but the other thing will).

    Turn off your TV and go travel the world. Go now. I recommend it highly.


  21. apneaman on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 9:11 pm 

    If ever a plant needed to be saturated with Roundup………….or maybe someone already dosed you. It would explain the brain damage.

  22. Makati1 on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 10:43 pm 

    I smile when I read that someone has spent a week or two as a tourist somewhere and then claim to know the country and people. Unless they spent those weeks actually off the tourist path, they saw nothing but a few tourist attractions and ate only tourist food in tourist restaurants. LOL

  23. Makati1 on Wed, 29th Jul 2015 10:54 pm 

    That said: I have no desire to go to India although I would like to see the Taj Mahal. Same for China, but I would like to walk on the Great Wall. Not worth the trip for either. And passing through Japan’s airports is enough exposure to that country.

    They all have great people who don’t need spoiled Americans looking down their nose at them. America has all the same problems but they tend to get ignored/denied by the ‘patriotic, flag waving, exceptional, indispensable’ sheeple. Easier to point the blame somewhere else.

    India was a raped colony of the British for too long and was not allowed to modernize. Typical of ALL of the Western colonies. I wonder what America would be like if it was still a colony of Britain? Or if Asia had been the one to colonize the West? Interesting thought. America, a colony of China…

  24. Kenz300 on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 7:07 am 

    Endless population growth is not sustainable…..

    How many fish can you put in a fish bowl before the environment collapses?

    Birth Control Permanent Methods: Learn About Effectiveness

  25. peakyeast on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 4:56 pm 

    @Harm: I never go to plays.

  26. BC on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 9:30 pm

    I feel the same way about LA as I do India and China. 😀

    apneaman, we’re all “drain bamaged” by (d)evolution since about 10,000-20,000+ years ago. 😀

  27. Apneaman on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 10:11 pm 

    We can feed 20 billion if we convert all land to high yield low nutrition wheat fields and palm oil plantations. Top Ramen – it’s what’s for dinner!

    The Decline in Bees Will Cause a Decline in Healthy Food

    Fewer pollinators means fewer fruits and vegetables—and the important micronutrients contained in them.

    Ramen Is Killing the Planet (Dammit)

  28. Apneaman on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 10:25 pm 

    Prolonged Thailand drought threatens global rice shortage

    Drought set to cut rice crop by 15-20%

  29. BC on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 11:24 pm 

    apneaman, right. Go to the UN’s food price, production, and utilization indices. Production peaked in 2012-13 and utilization has caught up but with falling food prices.

    Production will now fall at peak consumption/utilization and population.

    Growth of everything, including population, is over.

  30. Makati1 on Thu, 30th Jul 2015 11:52 pm 

    FYI: On –

    “Agricultural Crisis In France: Farmers Block Highways, Set Pigs Loose In Supermarkets To Protest Market Conditions”

    “Squeezed By Drought, California Farmers Switch To Less Thirsty Crops”

    “Drought Friendly Diet Starts with Whole Grains”

    “Warming oceans, low river levels raise B.C. fish mortality fears”

    “What’s Left of the American Dream Withers at Record Pace”

    “American Exceptionalism: Not the Rule Any More”

    And on and on…

  31. Davy on Fri, 31st Jul 2015 5:41 am 

    Mak, looks like the primary staple in the P’s is not as stable and secure as you would want everyone here to believe. You are one to two season from rice shortages in the P’s. That will bring the people out on the streets.
    Drought set to cut rice crop by 15-20%

  32. seen from sirius on Fri, 31st Jul 2015 7:55 am 

    The transhumanists (Hawking, Kurzweil, Gates, Calico,the NASA etc) have “the” solution for overpopulation : conquer and colonize the exoplanets. The only problem is that even with a vessel that whould reach light speed there are still more than 3000 years away, and nothng proves they are livable. But it says a lot on our skewed priorities that those kind of daydreamers are so mediatically prominent.

  33. Kenz300 on Fri, 31st Jul 2015 10:59 am 

    Too many people and too few resources…….

    There are limits to growth……

    Don’t have more children than you can provide for…

    There are too many unwanted, unloved and un supported people in the world. Many men have children but are not fathers to them.

    Wrap it up… snip it….. Birth Control Permanent Methods: Learn About their Effectiveness

  34. Apneaman on Fri, 31st Jul 2015 11:03 am 

    Too many Kenz300’s and too few bullets.

  35. peakyeast on Fri, 31st Jul 2015 2:08 pm 

    Dont worry – there is plenty of space and no overpopulation of humans.

    Because all humans on earth can stand on 1m2… Provided they stand on top of each others.

    I find this argument better than they can all stand on manhattan or something else. – At least its obviously bogus even to the retards that think that just because you can collect all human biomass in some random place then there is no problem.

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