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Global sea levels could rise far more than predicted


Global sea levels could rise by two metres and displace tens of millions of people by the end of the century if greenhouse emissions remain unchecked, according to a new study.

The authors of the report, released on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, said this outcome is the worst-case scenario, in which global temperatures would warm more than five degrees Celsius by 2100.

The new projections, which double benchmark estimates by the United Nations, suggest the melting of the vast ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica will contribute to accelerating the rise of seas levels, adding that they contain enough frozen water to lift the world’s oceans dozens of metres.

The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said its 2013 Fifth Assessment Report suggested that in a “business-as-usual” scenario, sea levels would likely to rise by up to one metre by 2100.

That prediction has since been viewed as conservative, as the levels of planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise year on year, and satellites show accelerated rates of melt-off from massive ice sheets atop Antarctica and Greenland.

In October, the IPCC released a landmark climate report that called for a drastic and immediate reduction in coal, oil and gas consumption in order to arrest the rapid rise in the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That report, however, did not include revised estimates of sea-level rise.

‘Profound consequences’

Researchers on the study say a sea-level rise of the suggested magnitude would have profound consequences for humanity.

“The two-metre sea level rise that we project is not the most likely scenario but it is a plausible scenario. So it is one we should consider if we want to plan and adapt to future sea level rises,” Jonathan Bamber, a professor at the University of Bristol and the lead researcher of the study, told Al Jazeera.

“It was based on the assumption that we carry on increasing our emissions of greenhouse gasses into the future and sadly carbon emissions have carried on increasing even after the Paris Agreement of 2015,” he added.

The Paris climate deal, struck between nations in 2015, aims to limit global temperature rises to well below two degrees Celsius and encourages countries to work towards a 1.5-degree cap.

The authors said the area of land lost to the ocean could be equivalent to that of France, Germany, Spain and Britain combined, and would displace more than 180 million people.

Earth has already heated one degree Celcius since pre-industrial times, contributing roughly 3 millimetres to sea levels each year.

Al Jazeera

42 Comments on "Global sea levels could rise far more than predicted"

  1. Shortend on Wed, 22nd May 2019 8:26 pm 

    Yes they could rise faster…how about that..
    Exxon Mobile CEO, Rex Tillerson calmly stated we will just need to build sea walls and move crops to other locations. All with a change of public policy. Sounds like a plan

  2. makati1 on Wed, 22nd May 2019 8:42 pm 

    Water rising. Land sinking. Yep, a lot of cities are going to look like Venice.

  3. Cloggie on Thu, 23rd May 2019 2:33 am 

    It was nice knowing you all, blub, blub.

    On a positive note: Eindhoven +17m

    Poor Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, although they are already “under water”, demographically speaking. Good-riddance to them.

  4. Cloggie on Thu, 23rd May 2019 2:58 am 

    Dutch national weather institute KNMI

    +2m until 2100
    +5m (=+7m) 2200

    These are “max” values. It simple means the end of at least half of the Netherlands and certainly the end of the country as an agricultural super power:

    And there is absolutely nothing that can be done about it.

    Finally some good news from my Spanish breakfast table… the best weight is overweight. Optimal BMI for longevity: 27 (Danish data)

    I’m off to the buffet then.

  5. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:01 am 

    “Scientists Expose World-Killer: Where Ozone-Destroying Chemicals Are Coming From” science alert

    “It’s been exactly one year since US scientists reported a mysterious surge in ozone-destroying chemicals, known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Banned in 1987 under the globally signed Montreal Protocol, there was only one explanation: somewhere out there, in an unknown location, someone must have gone rogue, setting back progress on the ozone hole by a decade or more.” map

    “After much speculation, the whereabouts and magnitude of these harmful emissions has been confirmed in scientific research. As earlier reporting in The New York Times had already suggested, they seem to be coming from the northeast coast of mainland China.”

    “These violations are likely going unreported because even though CFC-11 is illegal, it is also one of the cheapest ways to produce new foam insulation in refrigerators and buildings. After tracking down documents and international sources, journalists at The New York Times and independent investigators discovered that in some factories in China, illegal CFC use has been slipping through the cracks for years. The examples given are based in Xingfu, a rural industrial town in China’s Shandong province, and incidentally, that is the very same province that the scientists landed on too. Gathering atmospheric observations from locations in South Korea and Japan, the researchers compared global monitoring data and atmospheric chemical movements to figure out whether these emissions came from eastern Asia – the area most suspected as the source of CFC-11. Along with Shandong, the nearby province of Hebei was also implicated. Both regions are big industrial producers heavily involved in the nation’s manufacturing, and while the chemical may not actually be produced here, it’s certainly being emitted at alarming rates somewhere nearby.”

    “Whether these factories know what they’re doing or not (and the NYT report certainly suggests they understand), their actions pose a serious threat not only to the ozone layer, but also to the climate crisis. CFC-11 has a powerful heat-trapping effect in the atmosphere, so if emissions continue as they are, experts say it would be equivalent to the amount of CO2 produced by 16 coal-fired power stations every year. China currently produces about one-third of the world’s polyurethane foam, and the emissions so far may only represent a fraction of what has already been manufactured. The rest of the CFC-11 may still be trapped inside a slowly-emitting foam bank, and the only way to know for sure is to find the ones responsible.”

  6. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:08 am 

    “Russia Aims To Exploit Africa’s Energy Potential” oil price

    “The Russian deal is particularly appealing to countries lacking nuclear knowhow due to Moscow’s comprehensive offer regarding financing, construction, and operation of the facilities. Currently, Rosatom is experimenting with a contract known as ‘build-own-operate’ under which ownership of the plant remains in Russian hands while energy is sold to the host country. This new type of contract is appealing to several African states who lack the means to finance construction. In some instances, the mineral resources of host countries could function as a deposit for any liability comparable to Moscow’s ‘arms-for-platinum’ deal with Zimbabwe worth $3 billion.”

    “Russia’s strategy Moscow’s is reusing its successful Middle East strategy comprised of diplomacy, energy, and security. The Kremlin has presented itself as a ‘clean’ and honest broker lacking the colonial background of most Western countries. Africa’s relative instability and need for cheap energy makes it a good match for Russia which is looking to expand its global presence and find new markets for critical industries such as energy. From Moscow’s perspective, sanctions and deteriorated relations with the West have increased the need to improve its relations with other parts of the world. Africa is not a new frontier for the Kremlin, which maintained diplomatic and military contact with the continent during the Cold War to counterbalance the U.S. This time, however, Moscow is not driven by ideology but by the need to increase influence and its position as a global power. Nuclear energy is an obvious option as Russia is a global leader in nuclear technology. The country processes 7 percent of the world’s uranium production, 20 percent of uranium conversion, 45 percent of uranium enrichment, and 25 percent of the global nuclear power plant construction activities. Providing the necessary technology to Africa serves another purpose besides increasing influence and revenue for the state’s coffers. The continent is also home to some of the world’s largest uranium deposits in Malawi, Niger, and South Africa. Access to these resources is essential if Moscow’s wants to maintain its position globally.”

    “However, according to some critics, Russia’s nuclear involvement in unstable countries could become a global security threat due to those countries’ weak institutions and unstable governments. Moscow’s nuclear strategy will be tested after the first power plants are completed in developing countries in Africa and Asia. The lifespan of these facilities spans decades and they require an adequate and comprehensive approach in order to provide electricity for millions that is both safe and reliable.”

  7. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:16 am 

    “Rand Corp.: ‘How To Destroy Russia” voltairenet

    “The conclusions of the latest confidential report by the Rand Corporation were recently made public in a « Brief ». They explain how to wage a new Cold War against Russia. Certain recommendations have already been implemented, but this systemic exposure enables us to understand their true objective.”

    “Force the adversary to expand recklessly in order to unbalance him, and then destroy him…Rand analysts estimate that Russia’s greatest vulnerability is that of its economy, due to its heavy dependency on oil and gas exports…Another way of destabilising the Russian economy in the long run is to encourage the emigration of qualified personnel, particularly young Russians with a high level of education…In the geopolitical sector, arming Ukraine would enable the USA to exploit the central point of Russia’s exterior vulnerability…In the military sector, the USA could enjoy high benefits, with low costs and risks, by increasing the number of land-based troops from the NATO countries working in an anti-Russian function…Leaving the INF Treaty and deploying in Europe new intermediate-range nuclear missiles pointed at Russia would lead to high probabilities of success, but would also present high risks.”

    “This is the future that is planned out for us by the Rand Corporation, the most influential think tank of the Deep State – in other words the underground centre of real power gripped by the economic, financial, and military oligarchies – which determines the strategic choices not only of the USA, but all of the Western world. The « options » set out by the plan are in reality no more than variants of the same war strategy, of which the price in sacrifices and risks is paid by us all.”

  8. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:41 am 

    “Finally some good news from my Spanish breakfast table… the best weight is overweight. Optimal BMI for longevity: 27 (Danish data)”

    Slightly overweight with a balanced diet, exercise, and good mental situations. Overweight people tend not to exercise which is a big drawback. Pollution is a big issue also. Fresh air increases life expectancy. Avoid chemicals in your immediate environment and in your foods.

  9. makati1 on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:54 am 

    Three long comments and not one personal observation. Is that what passes for debate in the US Davy?

    “The New York Times” Not biased? LMAO
    “…confirmed in scientific research.” Who/When/Who paid for it?
    “according to some critics…” Again, Who/When?
    “…greatest vulnerability is that of its economy” Who, the US? TRUMP is in process of blowing up the US economy. Russia seems pretty secure. Ditto for China.

  10. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 5:13 am 

    makato, it is called news and better than what comes out of many here so STFU.

  11. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 5:22 am 

    makato ,you will be happy. There were multiple tornados in my state tonight. This is the second night of warning in my County getting me out of bed late. Enjoy

  12. Darrell Cloud on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:11 am 

    Or, they could drop much lower than expected in the current ice age. This is entertainment not fact. A hypothesis is simply a cool name for an opinion.

  13. Shortend on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:28 am 

    Yes, Darrell, the sea levels could drop due to a nuclear winter after WWIII….a nice curtain call after the End of the World Party!

  14. Dredd on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:11 am 

    It’s the seaports stupid (Seaports With Sea Level Change, 2).

  15. Robert Inget on Thu, 23rd May 2019 2:17 pm 

    Let’s bring these JOBS home;

  16. Sissyfuss on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:11 pm 

    I believe that should humanity maintain some level of survivability in the year 2100, sea level rise will be negligible on the list of current dangers. Near the top would be wet bulb temps, ability to grow sufficient food, storms of my grandchildren, and Canfield oceans which exhale hydrogen sulfide instead of oxygen. We have cataloged the mass extinctions of the past so it is much easier to discover the one taking place presently.

  17. energy investor on Thu, 23rd May 2019 4:44 pm 

    This is just sensationalist bollocks. I bet no-one here knows why the Great Global Warming Fraud is such a scam, or who and what is driving it.

  18. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 6:12 pm 

    “Floods & Drought Devastate Crops All Over The Planet; Is A Global Food Crisis Be Coming?” end of the American dream

    “It looks like global food production could be well below expectations in 2019, and that could spell big trouble in the months ahead. In recent weeks, I have written extensively about the problems that we have been experiencing here in the United States. As many as a million calves were lost to the flooding that hit the state of Nebraska in March, farmers have planted less than half of the corn that is normally in the ground by this time of the year, and a lot of the crops that have been planted in the middle of the country are really struggling due to extremely wet soil.”

    “In that article, we are told that after the worst drought in 116 years Australia has actually been forced to import wheat. And according to the Guardian, this is the first time in 12 years that this has happened…The article on Strange Sounds also detailed crop failures in Italy, France, Mexico and Argentina. I will not reproduce all of that information here. But one major crop failure that was missed in that article is the massive rice crop failure in the Philippines…Things are particularly bad in North Korea. At this point, hardly any rain at allhas fallen so far in 2019…On top of everything else, let us not forget that African Swine Fever is absolutely devastating the global pig population. According to the Hill, it is being projected that 200 million hogs could die from the disease in China alone…To put that in perspective, that is more pigs than the entire U.S. pork industry produces in an entire year.”

    “Our planet is changing, and global weather patterns are going to keep shifting. The “new normal” is going to look a whole lot different from the “old normal”, and we all need to get prepared for a very uncertain future. Even during the good years, the world has really struggled to feed everyone. Now that we are facing catastrophic crop failures all over the planet, what will we do? Many believe that a global food crisis is looming, and without a doubt U.S. consumers will soon be paying much higher prices when they visit the grocery store.”

  19. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 6:59 pm 

    “The New Recycling Is Called ‘Recommerce” Bloomberg

    “The world’s biggest brands want you to see those everyday household products in a different light. The shampoo bottle, the deodorant stick, razors and even your toothbrush—they all get thrown away when they’re empty or worn out. But if they were reusable—or refillable—just imagine how much waste could be avoided. That’s the goal of “Loop,” a durable packaging initiative run by New Jersey-based recycling company TerraCycle that debuted at the World Economic Forum earlier this year. This week, Loop began its U.S. trial, allowing consumers to use steel, glass and durable plastic reusable packaging for everyday items. Kroger Co. and Walgreens, along with such consumer brands as Procter & Gamble, Nestle, The Clorox Co. and Unilever, are taking part. The project’s name is a reference to an aspirational economy where nothing is wasted. Loop’s goal is to show how easily consumers can lessen the damage done by throwaway plastic, paper, glass and cardboard. About 80 percent of all plastic ends up in landfills or the ocean, and grocery packaging actually creates more waste than plastic bags and straws. For the trial, Loop is available online to customers in New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. You can order products made by the participating companies that will be delivered to you in special reusable packaging. Under the program, manufacturers have redesigned product containers for some of their most well-known products. Loop will collect a refundable deposit, sometimes $5 to $10, that customers will get back when they return their containers.”

  20. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:07 pm 

    Oops, sorry everyone. Wrong link again.

  21. JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:09 pm 

    oops JuanP posting

    Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:07 pm
    Oops, sorry everyone. Wrong link again.

  22. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:10 pm 

    Oops, sorry again everyone. Wrong link again.

  23. Davy Identity Theft on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:12 pm 

    JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:09 pm

  24. Hey Dumbass on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:15 pm 

    Everybody here has internet access. Would you please stop copying and pasting articles here from Zero Hedge.

  25. JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:23 pm 

    more are on the way just for you juanpee. LOL. Enjoy. Some will be above your intelligence level though.

  26. JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:24 pm 

    oops juanpee posting

    Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:10 pm
    Oops, sorry again everyone. Wrong link again.

  27. makati1 on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:30 pm 

    Hey, I second that motion. A Cut and paste without a personal comment from the copier is just plagiarism.

    For the uneducated: Plagiarism – the unauthorized use of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one’s own.

    It is a lazy person’s attempt at thinking. Theft by another name.

  28. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:34 pm 

    “Forget the ‘Polar Vortex.’ Here comes the ‘Death Ridge’ and record heat for the Southeast” usa today

    “A blistering, dangerous heat wave, which one expert calls a “death ridge,” is poised to scorch the southeastern U.S. over the Memorial Day weekend. Some all-time record high temperatures for May could be shattered as highs rocket into the upper 90s to low 100s all the way from Alabama to Virginia. “In what has been a warmer-than-normal May to date across the Southeast, temperatures will take a notable turn upwards through the end of the week and into Memorial Day weekend,” AccuWeather meteorologist Max Vido said.” map

  29. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:36 pm 

    “Hey, I second that motion. A Cut and paste without a personal comment from the copier is just plagiarism.”

    You do it all the time fuck nut..OH you say “slip slidin” or “we shall see” after a reference. sometimes just ^_^…LMFAO

  30. makati1 on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:36 pm 

    Problems in Missouriland? Tornado Alley moving north?

    Three dead is an auto accident. 300 or 3,000 dead would be newsworthy. But anything to distract the serfs while they are being bled to death by their masters.

  31. makati1 on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:39 pm 

    Davy, was that a personal attack? I thought we agreed to avoid that? Where did I mention any putdowns? Show me.

    BTW: Also, show me where I did not include a personal remark with my “cut & paste”.

  32. Davy on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:42 pm 

    “Davy, was that a personal attack? I thought we agreed to avoid that? Where did I mention any putdowns? Show me. BTW: Also, show me where I did not include a personal remark with my “cut & paste”.”

    shut up makato, you blew your chance yesterday. OR did you not understand when I told you to stick your fake deal up your ass?

  33. makati1 on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:36 pm 

    Davy, you just cannot act civil or mature can you? Not even for a week. I did not attack you, but you want to believe that I did. You take everything personal.

    Do you know why you are putdown/ignored by most every commenter on here? Have you ever considered why? Perhaps it is your actions and immature arrogance? Look in the mirror Davy.

  34. Davy Identity Theft on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:39 pm 

    JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:23 pm

  35. Davy Identity Theft on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:40 pm 

    JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:24 pm

  36. Davy Identity Theft on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:42 pm 

    JuanP on Thu, 23rd May 2019 7:39 pm

  37. Hey Dumbass on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:44 pm 

    “shut up makato, you blew your chance yesterday. OR did you not understand when I told you to stick your fake deal up your ass?”

    Nobody here cares what you think, and everybody here is tired of your non-stop bullshit.

    Go away.

  38. Cloggie on Fri, 24th May 2019 1:37 am 

    The absolute madness that is modern tourism: giant traffic jam on Mount Everest

    Scroll down for picture.

  39. Davy on Fri, 24th May 2019 5:20 am 

    “Davy, you just cannot act civil or mature can you? Not even for a week. I did not attack you, but you want to believe that I did. You take everything personal. Do you know why you are putdown/ignored by most every commenter on here? Have you ever considered why? Perhaps it is your actions and immature arrogance? Look in the mirror Davy.”

    Makato, I saved our little so called “truce” conversation to my notes if you would like to review it. You are the immature one. You like conflict and enjoy what dirty juanpee does. You support and enable it. I am going to continue my efforts at moderating you because you need it. It will include putdowns because you and your gang stalk and put me down daily. I asked you for a simple arrangement of I ignore you and you ignore me but you can’t handle that. The same is true for your lunatic friend juanpee. You guys are dishonest and playing games instead of real intellectual pursuits. Fuck off.

  40. JuanP on Fri, 24th May 2019 5:25 am 

    Juanpee, I make a promise to you I will be here every day I can until this page closes down. This is especially true with you here and your bad behavior. You low life stalking lunatic. BTW thanks for the exposure. There is a reason you, makato, and annoy are so bat shit crazy about me. I am saying things that hurt your anti-American agenda. Your lives are uncomfortable. At least makato can comment. You and annoy are just low life stalkers taking up space.
    “Hey Dumbass on Thu, 23rd May 2019 8:44 pm
    Nobody here cares what you think, and everybody here is tired of your non-stop bullshit.” Go away.

  41. Go Speed Racer on Sun, 26th May 2019 4:04 am 

    The crybaby liberals are always
    wailing that the sea level will rise
    by 2 meters by the year 2100.

    And yet since the year 1900 the total
    sea level rise due to all of human
    activity is only 3mm.

    This tells me it’s time to buy a mint 1978
    Cadillac Sedan DeVille, with the 400 cubic
    inch, air conditioning, moonroof and
    power everything. And cruise to the
    drive-in and buy hamburgers.

    More importantly, put them back into

    And lets not forget the important of
    putting other fossil fuel beauties back
    into production, for example the Union
    Pacific Big Boy 4-8-8-4. See they have
    already returned one to service, with
    plans to go back to steam because it
    belches great big clouds of black smoke,
    thereby Making America Great Again.

    Cause hey think about it. What would U
    rather have, great big clouds of black
    smoke, or black hijab garments
    on the ISIS immigrants when U try and go
    buy some shaving cream at the Walgreens.

    Republicans want great big clouds of black
    smoke coming out of our railroad engines.

    Liberals want crowds of black hijabs at

    U do the math. Or maybe U are with the
    liberals because U like getting
    your head sawed off by an ISIS with
    a saw from Home Depot.


    Make America Great Again … vote
    Trump 2020 ! Rollback pollution
    regulations… dump it in the river
    burn up coal and oil and gasoline
    and diesel …

    Make Big Cars Again …
    No more ISIS immigrants …
    Or maybe U R a liberal then vote
    for the liberals and guess what,
    then U will be a loser.

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