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a Practical Method for Desalination of Seawater is Closer to Reality


This could spell bad news for Nestle and other corporations seeking to corner the world market on clean water – but it would mean welcome relief for the hundreds of millions of people who have limited access to such a fundamental part of life.

It is well-known that over 70 percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water – yet clean water for drinking and irrigation is one of the planet’s scarcest commodities. In fact, fresh water comprises only about 3.5 percent of the world’s supply. The result of this irony is that places such as California suffer from droughts while there is a huge ocean of water right next door.

Historically, water has been the source of major conflicts, such as the “range wars” of 19th-Century America and the current problems between Israel’s Palestinian and Jewish populations. Although methods of water desalination exist, most of them are not cost-effective.

Currently, desalination provides fresh water for only 1 percent of the world’s population, primarily in the Middle East and Australia. According to the UN, 14% of the world’s population will face water shortages within the next seven years. While this will be a boon to the desalination industry (as well as purveyors of bottled water), it will exact a heavy financial cost on those populations.

The good news is that scientists in the UK have developed a much less expensive method of desalination that could make such equipment accessible and affordable by individuals and communities. It involves what is known as a graphene-oxide membrane, which is capable of filtering even nanoparticles of salts out of water.

This technique, which is being researched at the University of Manchester, is still in the experimental stage – but points the way to quick, efficient, and inexpensive desalination techniques that could improve the quality of life for hundreds of millions.

Lead researcher Rahul Nair explains that although graphene-oxide membranes are good at filtering out large particles, they haven’t been effective at getting rid of salt – which requires an extremely fine sieve due to small size of sodium chloride molecules. The problem is that graphene-oxide membranes, like other substances, swell up when immersed in water, which allows salt particles to slip through the sieve. Additionally, when salts are dissolved in water, they literally surround themselves with a “shell” of water molecules, allowing them to slip through the membrane.

This fact led to a solution: the application of epoxy resin on both sides of the membrane. This prevents the material from swelling, allowing water molecules to pass through while blocking salt particles. In a BBC interview, Nair explained how and why it works:

Water molecules can go through individually, but sodium chloride cannot. It always needs the help of the water molecules. The size of the shell of water around the salt is larger than the channel size, so it cannot go through. When the capillary size is around one nanometre, which is very close to the size of the water molecule, those molecules form a nice interconnected arrangement like a train.”

The “train” essentially leaves the station without its passengers, the salt particles – since the tunnel is too small to accommodate them.

Because graphene-oxide is easy and inexpensive to produce, it means that such technology will be widely available to everyone – and corporate predators like Nestle will have to move on to other hunting grounds to find their prey.


47 Comments on "a Practical Method for Desalination of Seawater is Closer to Reality"

  1. rockman on Sun, 1st Oct 2017 11:25 am 

    “The technique, which is being researched at the University of Manchester, is still in the experimental stage”. Which not only means the method has not only been proven as capable but that a final manufacturing cost has been determined since a final design has yet to be developed.

    But just be patient. Any day now we’ll have fresh water “to cheap to meter”. LOL

  2. Anonymouse1 on Sun, 1st Oct 2017 2:09 pm 

    Hey narrativeman, I bet you could get behind oil-to-cheap to meter though, right? After all, the only use you oiltards have for water is for lacing it with a secret blend of toxic chemicals and injecting it into the bedrock at high pressure.

    Anyhow, we already have ‘practical’ means of desalinating seawater. It is just inherently expensive in dollar and energy terms to do so. If the current methods were not practical, the existing desal plants wouldn’t, well..exist. Other methods (might?) prove slightly less expensive, but that doesn’t do anything to resolve all the other problems desal plants create.

  3. Sissyfuss on Sun, 1st Oct 2017 3:29 pm 

    Well now that fresh water problem has been solved let’s get back to breeding immoderately.

  4. Go Speed Racer on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 2:12 am 

    Ya they like to hype stuff that isn’t remotely close to being manufacturable. Graphene is 1 atom thick. That will work real well when some beach sand hits it.

  5. Go Speed Racer on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 2:14 am 

    On the upside, standard tried and proven methods for desalination are already available and are surprisingly good for economics. A lot of thermal energy gets re-used. That’s why some of the big cities are already using it.

  6. Go Speed Racer on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 2:35 am 

    Yo Mr Clogster, check out, just another
    day in the U S of A

    I guess the liberals have imported enough
    terrorists into USA that now its like cars.

    For terrorists we now have both the
    domestic models and the imports.

  7. Cloggie on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 4:20 am 

    No terrorism, probably a guy who lost his last savings with gambling.

  8. Davy on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 6:10 am 

    “No terrorism, probably a guy who lost his last savings with gambling.”

    Sure thing, clogged mind Eurotard extremist reality challenged ugly old man

    F* clog

  9. Mark ziegler on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 7:31 am 

    Yes but Ford motor is still the Antichrist.

  10. Guistebal on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 7:53 am 

    Just a (potential if it ever can be industrialized) improvement of reverse osmosis that everybody already use. It’s still interesting as it would need less membrane and less energy than traditional membranes (but don’t dream it will cut everything by a factor 10.. 2 would be already very good and optimistic).

    And guess what: Nestlé sells you… water purified by reverse osmosis (Nestlé Pure Life). They will just improve their profitability. They can already make you buy a bottle of water coming straight from a pipe (other Nestlé’s brand) at several times the price of gasoline in countries were perfectly drinkable water comes directly from the sink – it’ll change nothing.

  11. onlooker on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 8:54 am 

    Las Vegas shooting at least 50 dead and 400 injured. Media is calling it the most lethal shooting ever in US

  12. Cloggie on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 9:34 am

    64yo-boomer was hooked up with an “Australian” Indonesian of 4’11” (“terror midget”). If the boom-boom-boomer says “I love you”, he says it to his pillow.

    Indonesia btw is the largest Muslim nation on earth.

    For conspiracy theorists: this could be easily a CIA false flag to get the US population finally disarmed.

    The boom-boom-boomer is conveniently dead and the terror midget is reportedly “overseas” (underseas?). According to the sheriff there were ten weapons in the hotel room, so this was well-prepared.

  13. Davy on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 9:45 am 

    I am not sure why everyone is so upset. This is the reality of the brave new world we live in. In condemnation of the failed American dream you facilitate these type of killings with crazy gun culture. Youi get what you paid for. The future will be a world of multi-dimensional terror like this and include in that things like state sponsored internal and external terrorism. Yea, state sanctioned terror. It won’t be called terror it will be called security to make us more accepting. What about all the people dying of everything else. The car culture kills 50,000 people a year or something. 20 dead is a drop in the bucket. We need to reflect on how messed up a modern world is with 6BIL too many people with poor attitudes and behavior. We need to quit whining and start excepting responsibility for what we have become. You don’t fix institutionalize insanity and that is what modernism is. BTW, when have humans ever had pure security, right, never. Get used to death everywhere in the future from simple normal types like disease, hunger, and exposure types.

  14. GregT on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 11:02 am 

    “I am not sure why everyone is so upset.”

    Because at least 58 people were killed, and hundreds of others were wounded, while attending an outdoor concert?

    No Davy, no reason to be upset at all. WTF is wrong with you anyways?

  15. GregT on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 11:04 am 

    My condolences to everyone who’ s lives have been shattered by this senseless act. May those who lost their lives RIP.

    Extremely upsetting.

  16. Davy on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 11:34 am 

    “Because at least 58 people were killed, and hundreds of others were wounded, while attending an outdoor concert?”

    Shut up grehg and process what I said and not try to attack me because I kicked your stupid ass over the weekend. My point is to those with a clear mind is this is the future we have chosen and we need to learn to live with it. It is happening over and over. Our perspective needs to change because it is not going away. It is like years ago when people adjusted to high infant mortality. Terrorism of all kinds is now a fact of life and not going away.

    “My condolences to everyone who’ s lives have been shattered by this senseless act. May those who lost their lives RIP.”
    Screw your fake crocodile tears grehg the hypocrite. You are the one who supports mad-cat1 scum bag reveling in death and destruction of the US. When all the hurricanes where on their way to the US the guy was having wet dreams. Geeze, you are one disgusting lying human being. You are the one agreeing with Deagel dot com. You make me sick grehg. Then you have the bold face to say this shit:

    Extremely upsetting.

  17. GregT on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 11:50 am 

    So you find anyone who SAYS something that you perceive to be negative about America, upsetting enough that you resort to name calling and childish rhetoric, yet when at least 58 people are murdered in cold blood you do not find that upsetting at all?

    Sorry Davy, I do not accept that we need to learn to live with this shit at all. Enough is enough. It needs to be put to an end.

    “Screw your fake crocodile tears grehg the hypocrite. You are the one who supports mad-cat1 scum bag reveling in death and destruction of the US. When all the hurricanes where on their way to the US the guy was having wet dreams. Geeze, you are one disgusting lying human being. You are the one agreeing with Deagel dot com. You make me sick gregg.”

    Go fuck yourself, Davy..

  18. Davy on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 12:36 pm 

    You live a lie grehg. You embody hypocrisy. You can’t behave a certain way and assocIate with certain people then claim you can find solidarity with a people you seek to end. You are one sick individual.

    It’s not going to end and you know it grehg. It is going to get worse. I am saying let’s get out of denial and get real. People like you are the problem in the world today.

  19. GregT on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 1:02 pm 

    Go fuck yourself, you sick, deranged, delusional, sad excuse of a human being.

  20. Davy on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 1:12 pm 

    Ditto fuck wack

  21. Duncan Idaho on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 3:51 pm 

    Stopped a desal plant in Marin.
    Got the Marin Gun and Rod Club and Marin Peace and Justice working on the same issue.
    Rolled over the developer scum!

  22. tahoe1780 on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 4:01 pm 


  23. fmr-paultard on Mon, 2nd Oct 2017 8:30 pm 

    this is possibly the work of higher tards. i was a former paultard so my spidey sense is still a bit sensitive. terrible tragedy. i wish it was a hundred extremist tard nazi supremacist preachers that got killed.

  24. Dooma on Wed, 4th Oct 2017 11:10 pm 

    “this is the reality of the brave new world we live in” oh for goodness sakes Davy. What an absolute load of shit. You won’t remember this as it didn’t happen in America but we had a massacre (32) initiated by a bloke with an AR-15.

    So our government introduced an amnesty and generous buy back scheme for MILITARY weapons.

    The shooters complained but complied. The sky didn’t fall in. The government didn’t lock us up in Camps. I can still buy a .50 cal rifle, hunt and target shoot.

    Long story short. This is no need for civilians to own weapons of war. You just parroting what the NRA says after these sad but frequent events.

    And if you think we lost our freedom during the amnesty, just look at your Patroit act.

  25. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 1:42 am 

    Dooma, the Police State America does not exist in Davy World. Only dirty, bloody, torn, flag waving pseudo patriots like himself.

  26. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 4:15 am 

    Dooma, these is something called terrorism that is now part of the fabric of modern life. Nowhere is safe for a variety of terrorist types from the homegrown wacko to Jihadist. Get a grip and get used to it. Compare the number of gun deaths and the number of deaths by other aspects of our warped modern life. Compare the amount of money we spend on security for terrorism. Compare the amount of money we spend on mental illness because some of these wackos are mentally ill. We are making a mountain into a molehill on one level and on another we are in denial our civilization is late term and losing civility. Mass murder happens in the US with a regularity. It is not going away and is now part of the cultural fabric. This is common to many civilizations in the past. When they begin to fail. Why don’t you read some history?

    BTW, I am not a member of the NRA. I have guns because I am a doomer. If society breaks down I will be prepared. I have guns for security. I keep them lock away but accessible quickly. I don’t hunt but again if society breaks down I have the ability to hunt. I grew up a hunter and hunted for 30 years. I don’t kill anything anymore but I don’t have a problem with others hunting unless they are doing it for sport without respect. I have the most respect for people around here that hunt to feed themselves. Deer hunting is an important effort for poor people to feed themselves in the Ozarks. The horse is out of the barn on gun violence especially in the US. You Australian and Canadians will increasingly go down the same road just wait and see. The madness is in your culture also.

  27. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 4:18 am 

    Mad-cat1, give it a break you sometimes remind me of a yapping Chihuahua. Say something dumbass. Contribute to the discussion.

  28. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 4:20 am 

    Ok, go see a shrink Davy. That is a positive comment.

  29. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 4:32 am 

    “More than one-third of ships are running up against delays in getting through the canal, and “we are working with the current administration” to fix that, Simoes said, warning that the holdup could limit the amount of LNG the U.S. can sell to Asia.”

    Sounds “positive” to me. Another positive fact that the US is collapsing. They cannot even ship their over priced LNG. LOL

  30. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 4:43 am 

    “Sounds “positive” to me. Another positive fact that the US is collapsing. They cannot even ship their over priced LNG. LOL”

    Mad-cat1, reread what you just posted. You are really going off the deep end of dementia. Old people like you eventually go off into a delusionary world. You are there!

    “Cognitive Decline and Dementia in the Oldest-Old”
    “Over half of the oldest-old will have dementia, but the etiology is yet unknown. Age is the only risk factor consistently associated with dementia in the oldest-old. Many of the risk and protective factors for dementia in the young elderly, such as ApoE genotype, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle, are not relevant for the oldest-old. Neuropathology is abundant in the oldest-old brains, but specific pathologies of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or vascular dementia are not necessarily correlated with cognition, as in younger persons. It has been suggested that accumulation of both AD-like and vascular pathologies, loss of synaptic proteins, and neuronal loss contribute to the cognitive decline observed in the oldest-old. Several characteristics of the oldest-old may confound the diagnosis of dementia in this age group. A gradual age-related cognitive decline, particularly in executive function and mental speed, is evident even in non-demented oldest-old. Hearing and vision losses, which are also prevalent in the oldest-old and found in some cases to precede/predict cognitive decline, may mechanically interfere in neuropsychological evaluations. Difficulties in carrying out everyday activities, observed in the majority of the oldest-old, may be the result of motor or physical dysfunction and of neurodegenerative processes. The oldest-old appear to be a select population, who escapes major illnesses or delays their onset and duration toward the end of life. Dementia in the oldest-old may be manifested when a substantial amount of pathology is accumulated, or with a composition of a variety of pathologies. Investigating the clinical and pathological features of dementia in the oldest-old is of great importance in order to develop therapeutic strategies and to provide the most elderly of our population with good quality of life.”

  31. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 5:24 am 

    “China’s Shadow-Lending Ecosystem Could Be As Large As $40 Trillion, PBOC Guesses”

    “Nobody really knows how big China’s Shadow Bank ecosystem is, but the PBOC recently offered a rather shocking guess in their 2017 Financial Stability Report (pg.48). China’s Off-Balance-Sheet, un-regulated, “Shadow” loans have grown to nearly US $37 Trillion (RMB 252.3 Trillion) and have surpassed China’s US$34 Trillion, “On-Balance Sheet” bank assets as of the close of 2016. They also restated the 2015 numbers, increasing the 2015 figures to US$ 28 Trillion (RMB 189 Trillion), roughly doubling the 2015 figure.”

    “Although the fiercely independent citizens, politicians and bankers of Hong Kong and Singapore might disagree, we can generalize that the leverage in those economies (tall bars on the left of the chart) is inextricably linked to the Chinese financial system. If there were ever a potential “ground-zero” for a default-induced financial contagion Shang-Hong-apore would be it.”

    “Nearly 60pc of new credit this year is being used to repay old loans. It takes four times as much new credit to generate a given amount of extra of GDP as it did a decade ago. “China’s rising indebtedness has come to represent all that is disconcerting about their economy,” they said in a report entitled “The Sum of All Fears”.

    “Viewed another way, when we add the current, 2016 BIS figure, roughly US$28 Trillion of China’s Core Debt plus the estimated US$37 Trillion +/- of Shadow debt (RMB 253.5 Trillion), we have a Debt/PGDP ratio approaching 900% of “Productive” PGDP.

    “As difficult as it is to measure China’s fragmented Shadow Financial System, there are a few reported metrics which are presumably more reliable than others. China’s bond markets are one such example. In the last two years (2015 & 2016) the value of new “Major” Chinese Bond issues (below) has actually exceeded the total amount outstanding of America’s Corporate Bond market (about US$ 8.6 Trillion). Why is all of this new debt necessary? Again, most (60%?) of the new issues are used to roll over other bonds/debts/financing coming due. Continuing the theme, Non-Performing Loans (NPL’s) have somehow remained relatively constant, hovering just under 2% since 2011 as shown below. (pg. 44 of the PBOC Report) How can this be? Perhaps it’s just little old skeptical me, but usually, when borrowing skyrockets like this, underwriting is lax and bad loans go bad much quicker. The universally accepted game bankers play to keep a bad loan from being reported as non-performing is to refinance it and change the terms….and (drum roll please….) ….like magic, it’s a performing loan again! In all likelihood, that’s what’s happening with this fake NPL statistic. It’s hard to believe that China’s financial system hasn’t already broken its economic foot as a consequence of kicking all of these NPL cans down the road, but somehow it just keeps chugging merrily along.”

  32. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 5:36 am 

    “Europe Could See Another Brexit-Like Rupture—Beyond Spain”

    “Now, another rupture may be sneaking up on Europe, driven by a similar mixture of pent-up anger and short-term political maneuvering. This one is between the old West European democratic core of the EU, led by Merkel and increasingly by Emmanuel Macron, who are keen to integrate the euro zone, and the populist authoritarians of Eastern Europe, who dislike Brussels. This time the arguments are ones about political freedom and national sovereignty.”

  33. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 5:40 am 

    “A North Korea Nuclear Strike on Tokyo, Seoul Could Kill 2.1 Million”

    “If Kim Jong Un were to launch a nuclear attack on Seoul and Tokyo — both within striking distance of his weapons — as many as 2.1 million people could die and another 7.7 million could be injured, according to the 38 North report. The analysis by Michael J. Zagurek Jr., a consultant specializing in databases and computer modeling, is based on North Korea’s current estimated weapons technology and bomb strength. Zagurek assumes Kim has a baseline arsenal of 20-25 warheads and the capacity to put them on ballistic missiles”

    “North Korea’s older warheads have yields in the 15-25 kiloton range, around the size of the bombs that devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Fatality estimates rise significantly if North Korea were able to strike with bombs similar to the one it tested on Sept. 3, which had a likely yield of 108-205 kilotons, Zagurek said.”

  34. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 5:44 am 

    Looks like your P’s will be seeing more unemployment.

    “Adidas Brings the Fast Shoe Revolution One Step Closer”

    “This is Adidas AG’s “Speedfactory,” where the shoemaker aims to prove it can profitably produce footwear in high-cost, developed economies. By next fall the facility, as large as half a soccer field, will employ about 160 people to make 1,500 pairs of shoes a day, or 500,000 annually. The plant, halfway between Munich and Frankfurt, and a twin opening this fall near Atlanta, will be key to Adidas’s effort to catch industry leader Nike Inc. It replaces manual stitching and gluing with molding and bonding done by machines, churning out running shoes in a day, vs. two or three months in China and Vietnam, where components are shuttled among suppliers that produce individual parts. “In the history of sneaker making, this is probably the biggest revolution since manufacturing moved to Asia,”

  35. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 6:26 am 

    Interesting Davy. I didn’t see the Philippines mentioned even once in the article. What has overpriced sneakers to do with Ps employment? Nike will die when the SHTF and no one can buy their junk. Their days are numbered just like those of America.

  36. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 6:40 am 

    I thought you were the Asian expert but you don’t even know what is going on in your back yard or should I say slum.

    Philippine footwear manufacturers are usually scattered all over the archipelago, however, major players in this sector are found in Metro Manila, Central Luzon and in the CALABARZON region. They are classified as either micro, small, medium and large enterprises. They manufacture leather and non-leather footwear products including sports footgear, special use shoes, sandals, slippers and footwear accessories.

  37. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 7:44 am 

    Davy, what does that have to do with a new Nike plant in Europe? Nothing. The shoes made here are mostly sold here. They are not big brand names and are not even known outside of the Ps. Most people here wear what are called flip flops in the US and can be bought for less than P400 ($2) per pair. No one here can afford $300 sneakers. The average laborer makes less than $40 per week. He wears cheap shoes. I don’t even pay more than $50 for my sneakers and I wear flip flops or go barefoot most of the time. I know more about my Asian neighbors than you know about the real US.

  38. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 7:51 am 

    Mad-cat1, I know you are dense but can you equate the increasing manufacture of consumer goods through automation putting more and more of the unskilled Asian labor force out on the street? You see mad-cat1. the negatives of globalization work both ways.! Looks like your agenda of the Asian golden age is looking tarnished.

  39. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 8:05 am 

    Davy, again what does automation have to do with the Ps? I am not aware of any new, large automated factories happening here. It is difficult (not profitable) to use expensive robotics when labor is still $1 to $2 per hour. Yes, there are a lot of machines, but they have human operators.

  40. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 8:10 am 

    Dumbass, do I have to walk you through it? Do I need to get a cane? The p’s produces shoes with hand labor. New factories in Europe and the US are springing up manufacturing shoes through automation quicker and at lower cost. That means your p’s shoe manufacturing base will be impacted adversely. Got that?

  41. makati1 on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 8:20 am 

    Calling me names does not prove your point. I understand what you are saying and it is meaningless.

    Filipinos (100,000,000+) wear shoes made in China and the Ps. So do I. That will not change. The Ps export very few shoes and those will not be affected by some company that makes expensive sneakers in Europe. The Ps makers of shoes will not ‘automate’ anything here. It is too expensive an investment for cheap products. No profit, not to mention that they could be boycotted and put out of business if they tried. This culture is NOT like that in America. But you don’t seem to understand that.

  42. fmr-paultard on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 8:30 am 

    President Trump’s life accomplishments:

    Money check
    Power check
    P*ssy grabbed check
    Fame NOT checked

    Don’t grab it President Trump, don’t grab the guns and keep your fame. Resign instead. You accomplished everything in life that everyone has ever wanted but can’t.

    We need the bumpski to shoot nazi tard extremist supremacist preachers.

  43. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 8:37 am 

    Mad-cat1, dumbass, I woke up to a badgering from you and your stupid Candian boyfriend. WTF do you call that? Pillow talk. Quit your usual hypocrisy it does not work with me.

  44. GregT on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 1:07 pm 

    Get help before you start physically lashing out at your delusions. While schizophrenia is not a curable disease, it can be mitigated by adhering to a strict regiment of medications.

  45. GregT on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 1:12 pm 

    In this day and age, there is no reason for you to not lead a relatively normal life. Get help.

  46. Davy on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 1:35 pm 

    “Get help before you start physically lashing out at your delusions. While schizophrenia is not a curable disease, it can be mitigated by adhering to a strict regiment of medications. In this day and age, there is no reason for you to not lead a relatively normal life. Get help.”

    Grehg, you act like someone who knows the whole process. It appears to me you are reaching out for help. Could it be you are currently unmediated and should be? You have serious personality issues that have surfaced here over the years. I have noticed these issues digitally. Since I have not seen you in person who knows about your physical and mental state in person. These personality issues are likely a sign of deeper mental illness. You might just be a “bad seed” as we say around here. Nothing can be done for you. Meds won’t help some people. They are hard wired “bad”. If you did go off your meds please go back on them before you hurt your family. We don’t want to read about the gun freak up in Salmon Arm, BC that slaughtered his family.

  47. GregT on Thu, 5th Oct 2017 1:42 pm 

    I’m sure you’ve heard it before from family. The worst place for somebody of your condition to be hanging out, would be on an Internet forum that fuels your delusions.

    Get rid of your cellphone, and talk with a medical professional. You are in serious need of help.

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