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Page added on December 27, 2015

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China officially ends one child policy

Public Policy
China today officially junked its controversial one child policy, allowing couples to have a second child amid deepening demographic crisis of shrinking workforce and ageing population in the world’s second largest economy.

Chinese lawmakers passed a historic decision allowing all couples to have two children from January 1, ending its over three and half decades old policy that prevented over 400 million births in the country.

“The state advocates that one couple shall be allowed to have two children,” the state-run Xinhua news agency quoted the newly revised Law on Population and Family Planning as saying.

The law was passed by the 159-member National People’s Congress Standing Committee, the top organ of China’s parliament.

The NPC approval was a formality as the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by President Xi Jinping has approved it earlier as China, world’s most populous country with 1.37 billion people, faced grim demographic crisis under which China is expected to face severe labour shortages due to rapid increase in ageing population.

Despite massive publicity to the lifting of the one child policy being implemented since 1978, the two child rule has evoked less enthusiasm with official surveys indicating that people were not keen to have second child due to heavy costs involved in bringing up another child.

According to the latest figures, the number of people aged 60 or over in China has reached 212 million at the end of 2014, accounting for 15.5 per cent of the country’s population, with the number of disabled elderly people approaching 40 million.

The United Nations has predicted that people over age 65 will account for 18 per cent of China’s population by 2030, double the number in 2011 which will have a negative bearing on China’s labour availability.

By 2050, China is expected to have nearly 500 million people over 60, exceeding the population of the US.

The ageing population has brought greater demand for elderly care services.

According to a report published by Price waterhouse Coopers earlier this month, Chinese people will spend over USD 1.54 trillion from 2016 to 2020 on elderly care, increasing 17 per cent per year.

economic times

11 Comments on "China officially ends one child policy"

  1. makati1 on Sun, 27th Dec 2015 7:26 pm 

    …and most are choosing to only have one child anyway because of the cost of raising a child in today’s world. At least they now have the option.

    Then the article devolves into Imperial propaganda and fuzzy numbers.

    Lets see, 5 years, times $505 Billion (US Medicare and Medicaid annual cost) = $3+ Trillion outlay by the US for elderly care with 1/4 the population in the next 5 years. 2016-2020.

    Another negative article on big, bad China, brought to you by the Imperial Propaganda Department.

    Look in the mirror, Americans. You have a worse problem, now.

  2. JuanP on Sun, 27th Dec 2015 8:10 pm 

    This is good news. The Chinese culture has evolved to a point where having one child doesn’t need to be enforced because it is voluntary. To claim that a country that has done something to fight its overpopulation problems will be worse off for it as this article claims is beyond moronic.

    Those 500 million old Chinese will grow food or starve just like the rest of us everywhere. Every human being must learn to grow food organically if they want to survive.

    This article is another Western MSM anti Chinese propaganda piece and a crappy one, too.

  3. DMyers on Sun, 27th Dec 2015 9:11 pm 

    Seems the whole world is turning slowly to face this reality. It was a Ponzi Scheme, after all.

    The numbers are enough to doom it all, but the reduction in cheap resources is thrown on top of that. Economic growth has in part been a product of other growth phenomena, e.g. population and energy production.

    China’s Ponzi model, along with that of the USA (say Soc Sec) is coming upon the no growth dilemma. No growth offers the benefit of declining obligations, but it comes with a cost of declining revenue.

    The damage is already done. China cannot recover by shifting into reverse. We will face exactly the same problems here. Without objection, I believe I can say that the built-in growth factor will not be forthcoming. Growth will fail from the loss of its underlying energizers. The pattern will shift from growth to decline, in a standard cyclical progression.

    Fed, Pres, complainers, supporters, everybody out there, we’ve gone to the top of the mountain. It’s all downhill from here, until we reach long-term equilibrium (aka “Dark Ages”).

  4. Anonymous on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 2:49 am 

    Does this rag realize that you cant grow your way out of an aging population ‘problem’? Maybe in the short term you can paper over the problem, but it will NEVER go away-ever. At least China’s old people are nowhere near as sedentary and dependant on constant injections of pills and medical assistance to keep them going.

    Yea Im looking at you Mom and Dad…..

  5. Davy on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 5:19 am 

    China is so polluted and at risk of food insecurity without a safety net we can only sit and watch as a tragedy unfolds. This is not a good combination for old people who are no longer taken care of by their kids who run off to the city seeking opportunity. China has destroyed its once vibrant and sustainable society for a ugly mix of an out of control worst of the east and west.

    Of all areas China is going to see the biggest and worst rebalance. Nowhere has seen such growth in consumption so quickly with so many people. We are going to see the definition of ugly in China soon. The place is a zoo of all the worst of the worlds problems.

  6. Kenz300 on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 7:25 am 

    Too many people……….create too much pollution and demand too many resources….

    China made great progress in moving its people out of poverty…….one reason was slowing population growth…..

    If you can not provide for yourself you can not provide for a child.

    CLIMATE CHANGE, declining fish stocks, droughts, floods, air water and land pollution, poverty, water and food shortages all stem from the worlds worst environmental problem……. OVER POPULATION.

    Yet the world adds 80 million more mouths to feed, clothe, house and provide energy and water for every year… this is unsustainable… and is a big part of the Climate Change problem

    Birth Control Permanent Methods: Learn About Effectiveness

  7. Kenz300 on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 7:27 am 

    The worlds poorest people are having the most children. They have not figured out the connection between their poverty and family size.

    Endless population growth is not sustainable. If you can not provide for yourself you can not provide for a child.

  8. GregT on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 9:15 am 

    “This is not a good combination for old people who are no longer taken care of by their kids who run off to the city seeking opportunity.”

    China is late to the game on this one. The “old people” in China mainly still live on the family farms. Not so in the West. The family farms were taken over long ago by Big Ag, and Big Ag operates entirely on oil. Anybody who believes that he can just sit and watch this one out, isn’t going to survive. Those who already grow their own food without the use of chemical pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, will have the best chance of making it through the coming bottleneck. Those who spend all of their time pointing fingers at others, while ignoring their own shortcomings, will soon find themselves in a whole world of hurt.

  9. makati1 on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 7:10 pm 

    As one of those ‘old’ people, I can relate. Most will die in the US when the SHTF. There, old people are shuffled off to ‘retirement’ homes or nursing homes as soon as they may become a burden on their kids. Soon to be forgotten.

    I have seen it many times in my own and my friends families. My mom and step-dad still live in their own home, but if one passes, the other will be unable to live there and have no one to take them in.

    Not so here in the Ps where family is still tight and the old live with the young in what used to be common in America, extended families of several generations. Now it is the young Americans that are living with/supported by the old as the US contracts to 3rd world levels, or worse. Not my problem. I have my security here.

  10. Apneaman on Mon, 28th Dec 2015 7:19 pm 

    Kenz, do you think they have figured out the connection between their poverty and your privilege?

    Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: How America Really Took Over the World

  11. JuanP on Thu, 31st Dec 2015 6:14 am 

    Chinese youth needs better sex education,
    Just one more thing the USA has in common with its enemies. Abstinence education anyone? 😉

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