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Page added on April 7, 2018

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The Saudis Are Determined to Keep the Market in Balance

Production

WTI crude is $63/bbl, up from a February low of $58/bbl and down from the January high of $67/bbl. The discount to Brent is $4.65/ bbl. WTI averaged $51/ bbl in 2017 and $43/ bbl in 2016. The Brent premium blew out to over $7/ bbl in December and has contracted since. Brent averaged $3.10/ bbl higher than WTI in 2017 and $2.45/ bbl higher in 2016.

The latest increase is in response to a decline in U.S. crude and product inventories the last few weeks at a time when inventories normally build seasonally. This winter was much colder than last year and economic activity is strong. At 425 million barrels in the latest week, U.S. crude inventories are 3 percent less than the 5-year average, despite a strong 340 thousand barrels per day (MBD) increase in U.S. crude and liquids production in the quarter compared to 4Q17. Heightened geopolitical tension with Iran is adding support.

Notably, OPEC has significantly reduced its exports to the United States. U.S. crude imports from OPEC in 1Q18 were down 160 MBD from the prior quarter following a 217 MBD decline from 3Q17. They were down 947 MBD from 1H17. In 1Q18, crude exports to the U.S. represented 7 percent of OPEC production compared with 8 percent in 4Q17, and over 10 percent in 1H17!

The Saudis indicated they would cut their March and April production by 100 MBD from 9.98 million barrels per day (MMbpd) in February and plan to keep exports below 7 MMBD as it “remains focused on working down excess oil inventories.” It may continue to cut in May. It also recently signaled an openness to extend the agreement into 2019.

Higher oil prices would benefit its historic initial public offering of Saudi Aramco shares expected sometime in 2019. It requires $70/ bbl Brent to balance its state budget in 2018.

The run-up in crude prices to the January peak mirrored the decline in surplus OECD inventories targeted by the OPEC cut. The OECD surplus to the 5-year average declined 84 percent from 318 million barrels in early 2017 when the cut was implemented to 44 million barrels in February by OPEC’s estimate. The OECD accounts for 48 percent of total world oil demand.

OPEC is pleased with its performance and the result. Compliance over the period has been high. Year to date production is under 32.2 MMbpd compared to an average of 32.34 MMbpd in 2017. It is 1.3 MMbpd less than the 33.40 MMbpd produced in 4Q16 when the cut was announced.

While it is generally expected OPEC production will remain near current levels until the expiration of its agreement, OPEC supply could vary significantly in the interim. Libya, Nigeria, Venezuela, and Iraq would each like to produce more but domestic upheaval may cause them to produce less.

Saudi Arabia also said it “hopes OPEC and its allies (primarily Russia) will be able to relax production cuts next year and create a permanent framework to stabilize oil markets after the current agreement on supply cuts ends.” It said it hopes to announce a new target at OPEC’s next full meeting June 22 in Vienna. OPEC and Russia account for 45 percent of world crude supply. The OPEC meeting will provide a very important checkpoint for U.S. producers and the market in general, underline very.

Where the Road is Pointing

In the run-up to the OPEC meeting, oil prices are likely to remain relatively stable the next few months because the seasonal increase in inventories, if any, will be quite small. For OPEC, the outlook for 2H18 is both promising and challenging. Demand growth is very strong. Non-OPEC production growth is also very strong. Inventories are likely to remain relatively balanced the rest of the year, stabilizing oil prices near current levels.

Downside oil price risk may emerge in 4Q18 however from a potential acceleration in the growth of Permian production. It is likely to increase well over 30 percent this year.

RIGZONE



11 Comments on "The Saudis Are Determined to Keep the Market in Balance"

  1. Boat on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 8:20 pm 

    Incompetence by Venz has cut more oil than any of the other colluding countries. Domestic upheaval is code for Muslim extreamists around the world “shooting into iron” a proverb that explains the lead bounces back.

  2. MASTERMIND on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 9:01 pm 

    UN Population Division: Immigration Replacement Plan for US, Europe, and Japan.

    https://imgur.com/a/6Vr7P

    Bring in the African migrants! They will surely get that baby count up higher! They will love all the white pussy everywhere! I once worked with a black dude at a hotel who was our matience man. One day our account was joking with the HR woman about the guy. And I found out it was because he had 23 children. And the account had to do his paperwork for child support. Which took half of his entire check ever two weeks. Which is the max the state can take from you for child support. And this guy was in his early 30’s..So I think the UN plan is a great idea. They know those Africans will fuck like rabbits what they get here!

  3. twocats on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 9:13 pm 

    I think the Saudis are ready to test the shale waters again and see how much they can produce.

    If there’s a shortfall due to permian not keeping up the pace – well that would significantly change the price of oil. If SA drives price down in hopes of starving out shale – it will just go into alien hibernation mode with its fiat finance.

    all this wasted money and finance – for whoever is funding this shale debacle – it’s kind of like a mini-Vietnam.

  4. MASTERMIND on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 9:25 pm 

    Suspected chemical attack ‘kills scores’ in Syria’s Douma
    https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/04/suspected-chemical-attack-kills-dozens-syria-douma-180407202906316.html

    I bet Trump fires off more missiles again (Which is a war crime)..The false flags are happening everywhere now! Soon Putin will be next.

  5. Boat on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 10:34 pm 

    Mm

    Putin naming a missile Satin is not a false flag. It’s a madman running amok.

  6. Boat on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 10:44 pm 

    Mm

    You knowing about construction is akin to knowing about oil. Unless you have a peer reviewed link written by kids paid for by a group with predetermined outcomes, you don’t know shyt.

  7. Boat on Sat, 7th Apr 2018 11:52 pm 

    80 friggen billion. And multiple peer reviewed studies crashed and burned. Bahrain is not part of OPEC. The world may be awash with oil in a decade.

    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Crude-Oil/Bahrain-Says-Giant-Discovery-Holds-80-Billion-Barrels-Of-Oil.html

  8. twocats on Sun, 8th Apr 2018 7:29 am 

    off shore tight oil. 3-5% recovery. 40-50 days global supply.

  9. Davy on Sun, 8th Apr 2018 7:33 am 

    Exactly twocats, more empty talk by the fantasy cornucopians.

  10. Sissyfuss on Sun, 8th Apr 2018 9:10 am 

    I expect TPTB to keep funding any and all petro endeavors whether surreptitiously or in full view for they know that if they don’t keep the black blood coursing through Ind Civs veins the body dies along with themselves.

  11. Cloggie on Mon, 9th Apr 2018 10:23 pm 

    Sorry America, but Russia and Germany press ahead with Nordstream:

    http://tass.com/economy/998606

    Just like with Iraq, Germany and the rest of Europe that supported and still supports the Iran deal, won’t let itself be pushed in a war with Russia.

    But that shouldn’t stop the US and UK from glorious adventures in the Gulf of course. You go first, we come later, with a big stick.

    Oh and mr Soros: hands of white America. In the of the day they are our people.

    https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/pronouns/pronouns-possessive-my-mine-your-yours-etc

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