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Page added on January 14, 2013

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America, the Saudi Arabia of tomorrow

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We pay a lot of attention to revolutions when they emerge suddenly and violently, but when a transformation arrives gradually and peacefully it’s easy to miss.

Let’s stop for a moment and take a look at a slow-motion development changing the world as we know it: The United States is giving up its addiction to foreign oil.

For decades, we bemoaned the awful toll this addiction has taken. The need for oil and natural gas — much of it from Middle Eastern dictatorships — shaped the foundation of global geopolitics. It created morally questionable alliances and repeatedly placed Washington in a position to choose between its fundamental values and its economic interests. Now all that could change.

When President Obama started his first term, the country faced stiff economic headwinds. Now, as he prepares to start his second term, the country enjoys a rare and unexpected tailwind, propelling it in one of the most important areas, with a host of positive implications.

Clearly, the booming American oil and gas businesses are not problem-free, but the benefits — economic, geopolitical and environmental — of this impending energy independence far outweigh the drawbacks.

The days when Mideast oil-producing dictatorships and their friends at OPEC could so easily wave their power over a trembling, oil-thirsty West are on their way to becoming a relic of the past.

America still needs imported oil. But growing production and shrinking consumption have created a most promising trend. According to the International Energy Agency, the United States will become the world’s leading oil producer in just a few years. Imagine that. The United States could produce more oil than Saudi Arabia as early as 2017 and become a net oil exporter by 2030.

And if you count other petroleum products, the future is already here. In 2011, the United States exported more petroleum products — including gasoline, diesel and other fuels — than it imported. That had not happened in more than half a century.

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The first major sign of impact is visible in Iran. The loosening of oil markets has strengthened the world’s hand against oil-rich Iran. One main reason the international community has been able to impose strong sanctions on Tehran, aimed at persuading the regime to stop its illegal nuclear enrichment program, is that the global economy can do without Iranian oil. Iran’s production has fallen 40%, a drop that not long ago would have created unacceptable economic hardships for the rest of the planet.

The trend is even more dramatic when you include natural gas, a product that is revolutionizing energy markets. The United States is about to become the second-largest exporter of natural gas behind Russia. Gigantic oil and gas finds in the United States and elsewhere are transforming the landscape, in some cases quite literally.

Other than rising oil prices, the reason for this shift is that new and controversial technologies such as fracking and horizontal drilling have multiplied the amount of viable deposits in unexpected places. The techniques take an environmental toll, but there are upsides.

Fracking, as we keep learning, is creating very troubling problems, which deserve scrutiny. But it is helping to replace coal, the dirtiest form of energy production, with much cleaner natural gas.

Another dark lining in this silver cloud is that cheaper oil and gas will reduce incentives to produce green energies. Rather than abandoning the new sources of energy, efforts should focus on finding ways to reduce the negative impact of fracking and on continuing the push for alternative energy.

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The Obama administration now faces a balancing act as it starts its new term. Energy policy, the quest for full energy independence, must be weighed against the growing threat of climate change.

A decision on the controversial Keystone XL pipeline is imminent and political pressure against fracking will grow. The president should support strong climate legislation, without reversing the powerful gains of surging U.S. oil and gas production, with all its transformational benefits. The two goals are not mutually exclusive.

Once upon a time, America was the Saudi Arabia of whale oil, the fuel of its day. Whale oil was displaced by hydrocarbon production, which the United States also dominated. That started changing with enormous geopolitical consequences after easy, high quality oil was found in the Arabian Peninsula and other parts of the Middle East.

The United States built alliances with autocratic regimes as part of a commitment to satisfy its needs and preserve the free flow of oil, which became the life-blood of the global economy.

For oil-rich countries, this brought enormous fortunes, but it also brought something known as the “resource curse.” With wealth concentrated in the hands of autocrats, corruption mushroomed, and other sectors of the economy withered.

A trend away from the concentration of oil production in such an unstable, undemocratic part of the world bodes well. It bodes well for human rights, and it also bodes well, ironically, for the economies of oil-rich countries, which may at long last find an incentive to diversify into other industries. It certainly bodes well for the U.S. economy, which is already creating tens of thousands of jobs in industries related to the new boom.

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In what sounds like something from another era, the Energy Information Administration forecast declining gasoline prices for the next few years. That’s the first bit of good news for American consumers. The really good news is the knowledge that soon, every time you fill up your tank you will not be sending a piece of your paycheck to the Middle East.

That, among other things, is excellent news for America’s balance of trade and for the soundness of the U.S. economy, which sadly now struggles with a politically dysfunctional Washington.

No matter how much oil the United States and its friends in the Western Hemisphere produce, the Middle East remains a principal global petroleum producer for the foreseeable future. The United States still needs to ensure the free flow of oil, because a stop in production will cause prices to spike on global markets, affecting the entire planet.

But America and its friends are becoming much less vulnerable to oil shocks. And supplies from other parts of the world are becoming more plentiful. The emerging changes in the world’s energy markets, if they continue to develop, are nothing short of revolutionary.

As Obama prepares for a new term in office, they are gradually rerouting us from a destiny that we had thought was inescapable and rather dismal to one that, while far from assured, looks much more promising.

CNN



11 Comments on "America, the Saudi Arabia of tomorrow"

  1. poaecdotcom on Mon, 14th Jan 2013 10:58 pm 

    HUGE BS ALERT HERE….

    “The United States is giving up its addiction to foreign oil.”

    The US produces just shy of 6mm barrels a day and consumes 18-19mm barrels a day. US Production peaked short of 10mm bpd in 1970. Best case scenario for future production 2-3mmm bpd more than today….. BUT WELL SHORT of GIVING UP ANY ADDICTIONS.

    “And if you count other petroleum products, the future is already here. In 2011, the United States exported more petroleum products — including gasoline, diesel and other fuels — than it imported. That had not happened in more than half a century.”

    EXCEPT that the exported gasoline was produced from imported oil. Guess what our gasoline export would be if we stopped importing foreign oil…..ZERO

    I stopped reading at this point for my own sanity. I wish CNN could be marginalized as some Wacco startup news outlet but this is the sort of #$%%$ that is spoon fed to the masses.

    Pitiful

  2. Bill on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 12:07 am 

    Obama has done so much to inrease the US oil production. What a joke.
    CNN should spew this $&@ to its sheepish audience who do not know better.

  3. poaecdotcom on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 1:42 am 

    I don’t know about ‘should’!! I cannot condone the mass delusion of society leaving them to chew up B grade cable and ‘zombie walk’ around hollowed out strip malls.

    No, I would like to see some more truths out there, if only to jolt a few more flat-liners into preparing for change. I am not holding my breath though and sadly, if anything, I see a lot of this denial BS hardening….

  4. SilentRunning on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 2:27 am 

    Who’s in charge here at Peak Oil anyway? Why does idiotic Corny stories like this get posted on the news? Why not just let the Cornies start their own website called “Infinite Growth Forever!!” and let them post their mindless drivel there?

  5. James on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 2:40 am 

    If we are going to be the; “Saudi Arabia of the future”. It will be at an environmental expense that we will greatly regret. Our drinking water will be in peril and the atmosphere as well.

  6. Gale Whitaker on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 3:20 am 

    SilentRunning we need to look at crap like this so that we will be able to understand the thinking of the public. My friends thought that oil would be running out in 100 years.

  7. GregT on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 3:49 am 

    “America, the Saudi Arabia of tomorrow.”

    If we stay on this path, yes.

    Much of America will be an inhospitable desert.

  8. Keith_McClary on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 4:35 am 

    The US was the Saudi Arabia of the early 20th century.

  9. ken nohe on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 6:27 am 

    Another similarity is that the “sheiks” will be jetting around the world while the rest queue with “food stamps” in hand or are we already there? Saudi Arabia is probably the most rotten country around, far worse than Iran or North Korea. Women are treated like camels and immigrants, mostly from South Asia like slaves. Most terrorism originate there but while Americans “enjoy” enhanced security in the not-so-friendly hands of big brother TSA, Royalties are whisked around the back doors. The kind of world we all want to live in!

  10. WhenTheEagleFlies on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 12:05 pm 

    One thing that seems to unite ALL Americans, from the most haughty liberals to the most reactionary conservatives, is the love of the status quo. The proud liberals I know at work are no more willing to conceive of a future without cheap oil as are the staunch conservatives I know. The eternal expectation of cheap mobility unites Mayberry and L.A. So why should CNN be any different … they’re merely serving up what the masses want to hear. No American is going to resist this message, as specious as it is. I’m a former oil geophysicist. When I read drivel like the above I’m stunned by how much us enlightened Americans cannot really stand the truth about oil. And publications like CNN could at least emphasize that oil supply is not a matter of reserves but about how much that can be extracted per day.

  11. Hugh Culliton on Tue, 15th Jan 2013 1:26 pm 

    Uh-oh: someone’s been sipping the BS Kool-Aid again. When we completly ignore reality, it’s amazing how much fun we can have! The US is becoming energy-independant! Happy Motoring can go on forever! There are no consequences for the poor choices we’ve made as a civilization over the last 200 years! Let’s all jump in the Hummer and head down to Wal-Mart to consume!